"The History of the Old Town of Derby, Connecticut 1642-1880" by Samuel Orcut t and Ambrose Beardsley, M.D. 1880 p779 "Stephen..was a merchant in New York city..He died Fe b 16, 1860; buried in Greenwood, of which cemetery he was one of the original incorporators , and a director through his life. He went to New York when 18 or 20 years of age, having had only ordinary advantages at Derby, and engaged himself as clerk to the firm of Lawrence and Whitney, shippers, in which his brother Henry was a partner. By energy and business talent he soon acquired means to enter copartnership with John Currie, a Scotchman, in the wholesale grocery trade. He traded largely in wines, then in cotton, then engaged in ship-building and the shipping trade to nearly all parts of the world; then in canals and railroads, and finally in banks, accumulating great wealth."

He set himself in business as a liquor retailer and later wholesaler in 1805 at Nr 4 Stone Street, New York. Stephen Whitney's fortune grew heavily thanks to some large and fortunate speculations in cotton. In the 1830's he was among New York's richest men. His fortune was doubled by shrewd investments in city real estate. Second in wealth to John Jacob Astor, Whitney's fortune was estimated between 5-10'000'000 dollars at its height.

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Allerton Mauleverer 

 

 

Allerton Mauleverer
William Webster, 1778 - 1848
& Matilda ? 1782- 1852LINK (1803 check)
At least 1804-1815 where kids were born.

Col. William Thornton an eccentric local man of considerable repute in the sporting world, a gambler and a reviver of the sport of Falconry. He renamed the estate ‘Thornville Royale’ by ‘royal permission’ after the Prince of Wales was his guest. Colonel Thornton turned the estate into a famous sporting and wildlife park. In 1796 E. Hargrove wrote in ‘The History of the Castle Town and Forest of Knaresborough’of the park as containing “four hundred acres of exceedingly rich land, encompassed with a high wall of brick, five miles to be exact, has a great variety of ground, and is well stocked with deer and other game. The great variety this park affords of hills and dales, thick woods, scattered groves, with a beautiful lake, seen from this tower (Temple of Victory) can only be equaled by the distant prospect of fields, woods, villages, and seats charmingly interspersed…"

An Isaac Webster served with Col Thornton at about this time.

 

 

CHARLES PHILIP STOURTON: 17th Baron Stourton. On 11/12 October 1805 the estate including the house, pleasure ground and the richly timbered park of 3,218 acres, 3 roods and 25 perches, was sold at Garroways Coffee House in London to Lord Stourton for £153,315. Lord Stourton had recently parted with the manor of Bonham. A further 642 acres, 3 roods and 5 perches was acquired for £40,000 on 4 July 1810. In 1810 the total estate was approximately 4,016 acres. (Page 582 ‘The History of The Noble House of Stourton, 1899’). He renamed the house ‘Stourton Towers’.

  1. Full text of "History of the noble house of Stourton, of Stourton, in the ...

    www.archive.org/stream/.../historyofnobleho02mowb_djvu.txt
    As " The Honourable Charles Philip Stourton," Lord Stourton married, on July ...... in the parishes of Allerton Mauleverer with Hopperton, Little Ouseburn, Great ...
SE 45 NW ALLERTON MAULEVERER ALLERTON PARK WITH HOPPERTON 3/3 Chapel of St. Mary 18.8.83 attached to The Mansion (Previously listed as Chapel adjoining Allerton Park) GV II*

Roman Catholic chapel of St. Mary. c1807. Possibly by Atkinson of York, for Charles Philip, 16th Lord Stourton, with later extensions and alterations for William, 17th Lord Stourton. Brown and cream brick, partly rendered, Westmorland slate roof. 3 bay nave, single bay crossing with transepts and single bay chancel. Entrance is from The Mansion at west end. Windows throughout are lancets with Gothic-glazing-bar sashes. At east end 3 blind lancet arches and circular panel above; gable with stone coping topped by cross. Interior; late Gothick-style stucco with 4-centred arch vaulting and blind lancet panels. Central eastern panel contains C19 crucifixion; C20 wooden reredos and fittings. West end has balcony leading from former Lord Stourton's bedroom. The building is being thoroughly repaired and restored, much of the interior is therefore not visible. The west end, stuccoed, is shown in a drawing of the late C18 house and is described as the chapel room (part of the dining room) and chapel. See H. Speight, Nidderdale, 1894, p. 199.
from http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1149995

 

The ancient house of Stourton arose from the town of Stourton in Wiltshire from before the conquest. They can trace their lineage, in direct male line, from one Botolph Stourton, Lord of Stourton, who married Anne, daughter of Godwin, Earl of the West Saxons, and was therefore brother-in-law to Harold II, the last of the Saxon kings, and Edward the Confessor. After the battle fought at Stourton in 878 against the Danes, while King Alfred was sleeping, Botolph Stourton had all the dead bodies removed on sledges. This early act of environmental awareness was rewarded by King Alfred who called his army together and granted Botolph and his descendants the badge of the sledge which is to be found to date on all the Stourton coat of arms. In 1066 Botolph Stourton took a chief lead under King Harold at the battles of Stamford Bridge and Hastings and after the disastrous defeat of the latter place was one of the last of the Saxon chiefs to hold out against William the Norman, afterwards William I. In 1413 Sir William Stourton became speaker of the House of Commons. His son was made the first Baron of Stourton (of Stourton, Wilts.) by Henry VI on the 13th day of May, 1448 for services rendered to the King during the war. Lord Stourton held the Duke of Orleans in custody at Stourton (in Wilts.) for over a year.

Charles, Duke of Orleans, was the son of Louis d'Orléans and the grandson of Charles V of France. His uncle was Charles VI. He was thus a member of the royal family - and the father of Louis XII. By his twenty-first birthday, his parents were dead - his father murdered by the Burgundian faction - and his first wife, Isabel, had died in childbirth. In that same year he was captured by the English at the battle of Agincourt and spent the next quarter of a century as a captive, moved from one nobleman's castle to another and traveling regularly in the company of one or other of his "hosts" to London to conduct business or attempt to further peace negotiations between France and England. During those long years the duke was never kept in a prison but rather as a "guest under house arrest" (he moved, on average, every four years) in castles owned by a sequence of important noblemen: Sir John Cornwall, Lord Fanhope, William de la Pole (earl of Suffolk, later duke), Sir Reginald Cobham, and Sir John Stourton, among others.

THE CHAPEL AT ALLERTON:

Attached to the present building and dedicated to St. Mary, the chapel at Allerton was built by Charles Philip, 17th Baron Stourton, in 1807, having started the Roman Catholic mission here soon after purchasing the estate that year. The chapel was considerably enlarged and improved in 1837 by his son and successor, William Joseph, 18th Baron Stourton, who added transepts and vaults under the sanctuary, to which certain members of the family who had been buried in St. Martin’s church at Allerton were removed. The chapel was further enlarged when the house was rebuilt in l848-1854. At that time part of the Dining Room of the old mansion was thrown into the tribune.

Allerton Mauleverer is a village in the Harrogate district of North YorkshireEngland. It is part of the Allerton Mauleverer with Hopperton parish. The parish is in the district of Harrogate, and lies just 5 miles east of the town Knaresborough. From 1947 to 1998, Allerton Mauleverer was part of the Claro Registration District, until it was abolished.[1] The A1(M) runs through the area connecting London and Edinburgh.

In 1870s, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Allerton Mauleverer as

"a township and a parish in Knaresborough district, W. R. Yorkshire. The township includes Hopperton; and lies on an affluent of the Nidd, at the Allerton r. station, 4½ miles ENE of Knaresborough." [2]

The name Allerton Mauleverer originally meant "Aelfweard's farm/settlement". Referring to farm held by the Mauleverer family in the 12th century. [3]

The Temple, Allerton Park

Contents

  [hide

History[edit]

Allerton obtained its distinguishing name from the family of Mauleverer, one of whom, named Richard. Although many sources asserted that the family came over with William the Conqueror, this is now believed to be based on a forged family tree of 1591 [4] In the 1840's, Allerton Mauleverer was described as "The parish is wholly the property of Lord Stourton; and comprises 2170 acres, of which 1180 are arable, 820 meadow and pasture, and 170 woodland and plantations."[5]

In 1086, King William was the lord of Allerton Mauleverer. At this period of time, the value to the Lord was £0.5 with a taxable value of 1.5 geld units, where in the same year the "Tenant-in-chief was also King William. [6] In about 1105, Richard Mauleverer granted the church and some lands at Allerton to Holy Trinity Church of York. [7]

During the Second World War, Allerton Castle, then home to Lord Mowbray, became the Headquarters of the Sixth Group of RAF Bomber Command which was the Royal Canadian Air Force component of the command. [8]

St Martin's Church[edit]

A church dedicated to Saint Martin was first built on the site by a member of the Mauleverer family in the late 12th or early 13th century.[9] The present church was remodelled in 1745–46 by Richard Arundell, heir to the Mauleverers, adopting a neo-Norman style. [10] St Martin's Church, Allerton Mauleverer was declared redundant on 1 December 1971, and was vested in the Trust on 27 July 1973.[11]

In 1848, St Martin's Church was described as "an ancient cruciform structure. The late Duke of York resided here in 1786, 1787, and 1789."[12]

Also in 1985, the Churchyard Wall and the Piers of the Church were awarded as Grade II listed buildings, and is currently under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[13]

Population[edit]

Population of Allerton-Mauleverer, 1881 to 2011

As the graph shows, in 1881 the Parish of Allerton Mauleverer with Hopperton had a population of over 250. But since then, the number of residents have gradually declined constantly until 1911. This as shown has fluctuated over time with its most significant decrease in the 1950's. There are reasons for this decline in population in the mid 19th Century. One reasons is due to the growth of industrial districts inLancashire and the North-East in the mid 19th century, where cotton textiles were produced. [14] This caused the majority of small parishes in North Yorkshire to see a decline in residents because citizens moved to the industrial areas to look for a better life. The population also reflects the major decline in residents, from 160 in 1951 to 100 in 1961, due to the change in parish boundaries during the 1950's.

Occupation structure[edit]

Occupational Structure of Allerton Mauleverer in 1881

The pie chart below shows the occupational structure of Allerton Mauleverer in 1881. The graph below shows that the majority of occupations were of domestic service or offices and agriculture industry. The pie chart also shows a large proportion in unknown occupations.

Age structure[edit]

The village has an aging population, 49.3% of the population are 45 years old or over. Only 16% of the population are 15 years old or less. This shows that the population is aging. [15] Because of the low population of young people in the village, the population need to travel a distance to the nearest schools: Queen Ethelburga's College (3.1 miles), King James's school (3.9 miles) and Boroughbridge High School (4.8 miles).[16] According to the 2001 census, the average distance travelled, by the local population, to a fixed place of work is 39.8 km. [17] This shows that present day, the population have to commute to work to places such as Harrogate or York.

Geology[edit]

The area is mostly formed by superficial deposits such as Diamiction. The bedrock contains mostly sandstone formed in the Triassic and Permian periods, when the local environment was previously dominated by rivers.

Services[edit]

Whilst Allerton Mauleverer does not have direct access to a Post Office within immediate vicinity, the nearest Post Office is of that in Green Hammerton.[18] Also, the village does not have direct access to a railway station, the nearest station is Cattal railway station (2.3 miles SE). It is located on the Harrogate Line 10.5 miles west of York.

Places of Interest[edit]

There is also a golf course nearby (2.6 miles), the Flaxby Golf & Country resort, which features a par 72 18-hole course nearly 7,000 yards long. Within the golf club, an associated four star hotel and spa offer first class facilities for both members and visitors. [19]

In Allerton Mauleverer itself, is Allerton Castle which has been described as "England’s grandest and most elegant gothic revival stately home." Built by The Lord Mowbray, the premier Baron of England as a monumental statement of his position within the English aristocracy. Since 1990's, Allerton Castle has been the location for many film and television productions including The Secret Garden and Sherlock Holmes.[20]

See also[edit]

Knights of Mauleverer

Richard Arundell of Allerton Park, heir to the Mauleverers, remodelled St Martin's between 1745-46, adopting a neo-Norman style. It was designed in its parkland setting and the west front and central tower are impressive.

Inside are a fine hammerbeam roof, pulpit, pews and benches, and a painting of Moses and Aaron over the chancel arch, as well as several timber Medieval effigies reputed to depict the Knights of Mauleverer, who were here for 600 years and founded the old church on this site.

- See more at: http://www.visitchurches.org.uk/Ourchurches/Completelistofchurches/St-Martins-Church-Allerton-Mauleverer-North-Yorkshire/#sthash.CSE65OtB.dpuf

 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Langston, Brett. "Allerton Mauleverer Registration Information"GENUKI. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  2. ^ Wilson, John (1870-72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Allerton Mauleverer: A. Fullarton and Co. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Key to English Place-names: Allerton Mauleverer". The University of Nottingham. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  4. ^ Horace Round, J (1930). Colin Hinson, ed. Family Origins. London. p. 170. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  5. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1848). A Topographical Dictionary of England. pp. 37–39. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  6. ^ "Place: Allerton Mauleverer"Open Domesday. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  7. ^ Armstrong, Peter (2002). Colin Hinson, ed. Bannockburn 1314. Osprey Publishing. p. 93. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  8. ^ Hinson, Colin (2007). "Allerton Mauleverer"GENUKI. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Allerton Mauleverer, St Martin's Church"Britain Express. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  10. ^ "A neo-Norman church located in parkland"The Churches Conservation Trust. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  11. ^ "Diocese of Ripon and Leeds: All Schemes" (PDF). Church Commissioners/Statistics. Church of England. 2010. p. 5. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  12. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1848). A Topographical Dictionary of England. pp. 37–39. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  13. ^ "Churchyard Wall and Piers Church of St Martins, Allerton Mauleverer with Hopperton"British Listed Buildings. English Heritage. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  14. ^ "A Vision of Britain Through Time". Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  15. ^ "Age Structure"Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  16. ^ "RM At Home". Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  17. ^ "Travel to work"Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  18. ^ "Get Post Office". Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  19. ^ "The Flaxby Golf & Country Resort". Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  20. ^ "Allerton Castle". Retrieved 21 March 2013.

External links[edit]

The Ancient Parish of ALLERTON MAULEVERER

[Transcribed information mainly from the early 1820s]

"ALLERTON MAULEVERER, a parish-town, in the upper-division of Claro; (the seat of the Right Hon. Lord Stourton) 4½ miles E. of Knaresborough, 5 from Wetherby, 7 from Boroughbridge, 13½ from York. Pop. including Hopperton, 276, which being united, form a township. The Church is a perpetual curacy, dedicated to St. Martin, in the deanry of Boroughbridge, diocese of Chester, value, p.r. ~£28. Patron, Lord Stourton." (There is further information for Allerton Mauleverer).


"HOPPERTON, in the township of Allerton Mauleverer with Hopperton, and parish of Allerton Mauleverer, upper-division of Claro; 5 miles N. of Wetherby, 6 from Knaresborough. Pop. included in Allerton Mauleverer."

"NORTH THORNBOROUGH, a farm-house in the township and parish of Allerton Mauleverer; 5 miles S. of Knaresborough."
[Description(s) edited from various 19th century sources by Colin Hinson © 2007]

Churches

  • St. Martin's Church, Allerton Mauleverer:
    • "This ancient church is maintained by the Redundant Churches Fund, St. Andrew-by-the-Wardrobe, Queen Victoria St., London, with monies provided by Parliament, by the Church of England, and by the gifts of the public. Though no longer required for regular worship, it remains consecrated to the service of God. Please respect it accordingly."
  • Here are photographs of St. Martin's Church, Allerton Mauleverer:

Church Records

Gazetteers

Maps

Societies

St Martin's Church, Allerton Mauleverer, is a redundant Anglican church in the village of Allerton MaulevererNorth Yorkshire, England (grid reference SE415579). It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building,[1] and is under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[2] It is sited just outside Allerton Park, the grounds ofAllerton Castle, which has been the home of the Mauleverer family for nearly 700 years.[3]

Contents

  [hide

History[edit]

A church dedicated to Saint Martin was first built on the site by a member of the Mauleverer family in the late 12th or early 13th century.[3] The present church was remodelled in 1745–46 for Richard Arundell, heir to the Mauleverers.[2] St Martin's was declared redundant on 1 December 1971, and was vested in the Trust on 27 July 1973.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

St Martin's is constructed in ashlar on its west front, and in coursed limestone elsewhere. It is roofed in stone slates, and the architectural style is Norman revival. Its plan consists of a six-bay nave with north and south aisles and transepts, and a two-bay chancel. Between the nave and chancel is a central tower. At the west front are three gables at the ends of the nave and the aisles. The nave has a central round-headed doorway, over which is a circular window. On each side of this window is a round-headed window. The west fronts of the aisles protrude slightly forward from the nave, and each contains a round-headed window between two pilasters. Along the sides of the church are four round-headed windows, and the windows in the transepts have two lights. The east window has five lights and is in Perpendicular style. The tower has three stages; in the top stage are two round-headed bell openings on each side. On the tower is a pyramidal roof with a weather vane.[1]

Interior[edit]

Inside the church is a vase-shaped font, a two-decker pulpit with a sounding board, and panelled box pews. Between the nave and the chancel, and between the nave and the transepts, are iron gates.[1] The church has a hammerbeam roof and on the chancel arch is a painting of Moses and Aaron.[2] In the north transepts are four effigies; two of these are in wood depicting knights with crossed legs dating from the late 13th or the early 14th century; the other two are in alabaster, dated 1475, and represent Sir John Mauleverer and his wife. In the south transept is the large tomb of Mrs Mary Thornton who died in 1800.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. a b c d English Heritage"Church of St Martin, Allerton Mauleverer with Hopperton (1149996)"National Heritage List for England, retrieved 10 May 2011
  2. a b c St Martin's Church, Allerton Mauleverer, West YorkshireChurches Conservation Trust, retrieved 28 March 2011
  3. a b Allerton Mauleverer, St Martin's Church, Britain Express, retrieved 10 September 2010
  4. ^ Diocese of Ripon and Leeds: All Schemes (PDF), Church Commissioners/Statistics, Church of England, 2010, p. 5, retrieved 3 April 2011
St Martin's Church, Allerton Mauleverer
The west end of a stone church with three gable ends, a circular window and a doorway and more windows with round heads
West end of St Martin's Church, Allerton Mauleverer
St Martin's Church, Allerton Mauleverer is located in North Yorkshire
St Martin's Church, Allerton Mauleverer
Location in North Yorkshire
Coordinates54.0159°N 1.3668°W
OS grid reference SE 415 579
Location Allerton MaulevererNorth Yorkshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website Churches Conservation Trust
History
Founder(s) Richard Arundell
Architecture
Functional status Redundant
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 15 March 1966
Architectural type Church
Style Norman revival
Groundbreaking 1745
Completed 1746
Specifications
Materials Limestone

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     

 

 
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