Northrop Genealogy        Southport, Connecticut

Northrop Brothers

"a great credit to the builders, Messrs. Jelliff & Northrop . . . No need to go abroad for our builders - we have those that excelled, at home."

William Fenn Northrop ?
  Victorian Cottage by Fairfield Town Hall

George Elmore Northrop
  William's son, Frederick E. Northrop later joined the firm.

Northrop Brothers (William F. and George E. Northrop) were very active in the Southport, Greens Farms, Westport Area.  Their work included fine carpentry, at least some part in the building of the Southport Congregational Church.

See also Lewis Jelliff Connection and Jelliff Northrop connection

I knew my Great Grandfather, George E. Northrop, was a carpenter in partnership with his brother, William Fenn Northrop as Northrop Brothers. It is only recently that I come to find so many wonderful Southport area homes bore the hands of this partnership. More than half of the HABS (Historic American Building Survey) homes of the area were constructed or had carpentry/woodword by Northrop Brothers.

Much of this information comes from the Pequot Library Association Photo Library and from Library of Congress online Historic American Building Survey reports.Supporting information comes from Heritage Quest online census information, online historical maps from the Uconn MAGIC collection and Google maps.The initial inspiration for the search for more information sprang from David Parker and his questions about Northrop Brothers. quest

William born 1836
George born 1844
Civil War 1861- 1865

Click maps or pictures for larger view

Map Year Name /Location Image / Link
Click for larger image
Carpenters William Age
b 1836
Died aft 1900 b4 1910

George Age
b. 1844

Died 1906

1854 Trinity Parish Hall (Pequot Avenue and Center Street SW Corner)
“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
Parish Hall built by Jelliff & Northrop. The original Trinity Church building was built by Sherwood & Jeliff which may be the predecessor partnership to Jelliff & Northrop. Age 18 Age 10
1854 ?? Southport Savings Bank

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 

There is an attribution to Northrop Brothers in other HABS reports. However the HABS report for this building shows Sherwood & Jelliff as the builders. I suspect this partnership is the predecessor to Jelliff & Northrop with Francis Jelliff as one of the principals. Age 18 Age 10
c 1855 ?? 22 Spruce Street
map north of RR

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
If this is a Northrop house, it is likely Jelliff & Northrop. It may be a Sherwood & Jelliff building. Built for Legrand Sherwood,. William F. Northrop bought the house in 1861 and Northrops lived here until the late 1930's. It is shown on an 186? map as Wm F. Northrop (NE side of street) as the only home on what was then First Street. Age 19 Age 11



Sherwood-Banks House, 98 Banks Place

courtesy LOC HABS images
Sherwood-Banks House, 98 Banks Place. There is no attribution for the veranda addition, but it is possibly the work of Northrop Brothers. The sawed scrollwork is nearly identical to that of the Wakeman B. Meeker House identified as probable Northrop Brothers    
1860 /1774-5 ?? Waugh House, 249 Old South Road

courtesy HABS

?? Waugh House, 249 Old South Road 1860 addition 1774-5 garage & 2nd floor rear. No attribution for architect or builder    
    Mrs. Charles Jennings   sawn scrollwork porch detail looks to be Northrop Brothers    
1861 Moses Bulkley House, 176 Main Street (west / school side)

more recent image

Old image
“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 

HABS report indicates "Northrop Brothers, a prominent Southport lumher and building firm, received many of the contracts for the finest and most elegant commissions in town. Their works included Trinity Church (Conn-312), Southport
Congregational Church (Conn-311), Southport Savings Bank (Conn-315), and the Charles Gilman House at 177 Main Street.It is therefore quite possible that Northrop was the builder/ carpenter for the Bulkley house"
(perhaps Jelliff & Northrop since George volunteered in the Civil War serving in the Connecticut 8th Sept 25, 1861-Sept 25, 1864.)

1862 Oliver Bulkley & father original homr builder?
1886-1887 Expansion including tower Northrop Brothers
1922-1958 Used as Inn. Proch extended 1922.

Age 25 Age 17
~1868 156 Pequot Avenue, George E.Northrop home (across from Larbert Drive)
scanned from family photo
This property does not (nor does any other Northrop Pequot Avenue property) appear on the 1867 map. However, William's home is shown on the map. A guess would be that this home was built just after the map was created. George E. had returned from the Civil War in 1864 and lost a son in September 1866 -- son George I. was born in 1871.

Age 32

Age 24
1868-69 Pomeroy House 658 Pequot Avenue AKA Moses Aaron Sherwood House(northwest corner of Pequot.Road
and Center Street)

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
Jelllff & Northrop

Age 32

Age 24
  ?? ??Godfrey House Methodist parsonage Center street just south of RR
“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.”  (edited)
There is no attribution for this home. Photographer: Edward, Clinton or Eugene Hall. Note found with glass plate negative: "The (new) Methodist Church Bldg at the corner of Pequot Rd & Center St." House in left background is house built for or by Jonathan Godfrey ( in 1880 one Jonathan Godfrey was 15, son of Harriet? and the other is age 82, Retired Merchant so it is likely FOR Godfrey) which had stood on site in front of church and was moved to front on Center St. It was the parsonage. It has been razed. May have been Jelliff and/or Northrop.    
    612 Pequot Avenue
“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.”  (edited)

?? The house partially visible to right of church is another house built for Godfrey; it is now the Congregational Church parsonage, #612 Pequot Ave. See also commentary with photo #12. See photo #414 & 414A. See Packet Oct 1993.

The house to the right of the church is now #612 Peq Ave, the present Congregational Church parsonage. Both houses (this and Methodist Parsonage) were built by Jonathan Godfrey. May have been Jelliff and/or Northrop.

1868-69 Mrs. Benjamin Pomeroy Carriage House
courtesy LoC HABS
While not explicitly stated, the HABS report lists it as probably built at the same time(late 1860s) as the home and designed by Lambert and Bunnell.

Age 32

Age 24

1870s ?? Charles E. Jelliff Home 212 Center Street ??(This address is across from Trinity and shown as home of Francis Jelliff on 187? map)
(believe this may have been 212 Spruce Street)
Charles Meeker
John Meeker
William F. Northrop
Levi Sherwood
Charles E. Jelliff

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 

?? Jelliff and Northrop? House of Charles E. Jelliff. Built in the 1870s for Charles E. Jelliff, son of Francis Jelliff. In the 1950s the house, which stood directly in the path of I-95, was moved to 154 Taintor Drive. (facade was turned and other alterations made.). Francis Jelliff was 43 in the census of 1860., 53 in 1870 and does not appear in 1880.

186? map shows "P.Jellitt" owning half the street at the intersection with what is now the Post Road - and Spruce/First Street - no homes shown. F. Jelliff home is shown on Center Street across from the Episcopal Church.

"Annals of an old parish; historical sketches of Trinity church, Southport, Connecticut, 1725 to 1848" indicates Francis Jelliff died in 1896.
Age 34 Age 26
1871 ?? Zalmon Wakeman 418 Harbor Road (north side)
“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
Lambert and Bunnell architects. It is possible Jelliff & Northrop did the carpentry since they worked on many L and B homes,, but this is without documentation. Age 35 Age 27


John Meeker House Spruce Street??

(probably closest to I 95 on Spruce St)

Census Order 1880
Charles Meeker
John Meeker
William F. Northrop
Levi Sherwood
Charles E. Jelliff

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
Jelliff & Northrop

Mrs Meeker took both local and summer boarders in the 1880's.Sthport _Chronicle_ 10 Dec 1873, . "Mr & Mrs John Meeker's new house was raised on Monday. This is to be a very large dwelling & will be used as a boarding house, just the thing Southport has wanted for many years. The large number of bedrooms will be commodious and airy, just suited for summer boarders. Messrs Jelliff & Northrop, builders, have the contract.

Age 37 Age 29
  1884 Hemson Mrs. Simon C. Sherwood House 67 Westway Road
courtersy LoC HABS
This house is attributed to "D.P. Hemson as the contractor" ."The work is being done by the well-known builder Mr. F Hemson.
1892 addition "a large new cistern, the addition of a butler's pantry, etc. The work is being done by Northrop Brothers...".HABS report
    89 Westway Road Mrs. Simon C.Sherwood
“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
I believe this is the same house as above.. Not sure which is the correct address.    
1873 Charles Gilman House, 139 Main Street (east side)
“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
Northrop Brothers. 17 room Victorian Mansion. Gilman kept trotting horses in the stables behind. Later the home of M&M Richard Joyce Smith. Age 37 Age 29
1874-1874 Southport Congregational Church 523 Pequot Avenue Jelliff & Northrop Carpentry work. Age 38 Age 30
~1880 ?201 Harbor Road Cottage 1 (water side) Northrop Brothers ? I'm not sure if this is the correct building (may be 231).If so, it has been substantially renovated. My understanding is there were three homes next to one another by Northrop Brothers on Harbor Road. Age 44 Age 36
~ 1880 Harbor Road Cottage 211 Harbor Road Gibbons (water side) Northrop Brothers Age 44 Age 36
~ 1880 221 Harbor Road Cottage 3 (water side) Northrop Brothers. This one is probably closest to its original look. Age 44 Age 36
~ 1880 170 Pequot Avenue (railroad side)
Image Courtesy of David Parker Associates

David Parker restoration

170 Pequot Avenue (currently David Parker Associates) sold October 1947 to Anna M. Wood for $7500 -- 1946 taxes were $53.26
Age 44 Age 36
~ 1880?? 142 Pequot Avenue (railroad side to the right of northrop homestead) One of three or more northrop houses maybe Whaler family home.

142 Pequot Avenue sold October 1947 to Stanley and Susan Short for $5500.  It appears they were previously renting the house. The mortgage on the property was $1009.00.  Since the papers also mention a name change from Mary Keeler Northrop to Mary Billings, it may be that they sold the property to divide up the assets as each sibling started their own households.
Age 44 Age 36
~ 1880?? 132 Pequot Avenue This is to the right of the three know Northrop Houses and may well be another Northrop house, but there is no documentation. Age 44 Age 36
  ~ 1880?? 610 Center Street number uncertain No documentation. Dad had said his grandfather built several houses on this block. Age 44 Age 36
  ~ 1880?? 612 center Street, Southport, CT (east side) smaller center street homes No documentation. Dad had said his grandfather built several houses on this block. Age 44 Age 36
  ~ 1880?? 621 Center Street ( west side) had star in the circle woodwork detail until recently.No documentation. Dad had said his grandfather built several houses on this block. Age 44 Age 36
  ~ 1880?? 541 Center Street     Age 44 Age 36
~1880-1885 134 Center Street

NOT Northrop #123 134 Center St, Judge John H Perry House

This house was built c 1880-85 for Judge John H Perry.. Sthport _Times_ 15 Apr 1880: Mr J H Perry will build a residence on Center St between the properties of Capt Pike and Francis Jellife [sic]. Norwallk parties have the contract and have stipulated to finish the house by the first of Sept.

1885 Hardware Store Picture
“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
Northrop Brothers Building, Northrop Bros., lumber and hardware dealers - just southwest of the northbound railroad station. Store first established in 1885(Ruger History).. "Standing out front is George Northrop and his son (sic) Fredrick ca. 1899". Age 49 Age 41
June 1888 Victorian Cottage and Barn (Stable)

Northrop Brothers built "The Victorian Cottage and Barn" in
the summer of 1888.

Quite a few members of the Fairfield Historic District
Commission assured me that their identity of the Northrops as the builders had been documented, but no one was able to put their hands on the proof. I'm sure there is more detailed
information, but the June 1, 1888 article from the Advertiser clearly names them as the builders for the cottage and stable.

Mr. Robert S. Manuel was then owner of the Penfield Sun Tavern structure. In another of the files is the statement "In
1885 Robert S. Manuel of Troy, N.Y. bought the property for a summer retreat." The cottage mentioned is the small cottage now on Fairfield Town Hall Green. The buildings are popularly known as "The Victorian Cottage and Barn".

Age 52 Age 44
1884& 1890-1891 ?? Railroad Stations Southport Northrop Brothers have been mentioned in relation to the Northbound RR station in Southport.The HABS survey indicates a New Haven company W. B Dickerman for the original brick depot. It is possible Northrop Brothers played some part in later renovations including, perhaps, the large overhanging roof and supporting brackets and/or platform roofs. It was literally around the corner from Northrop Brothers Store. Age 54 Age 46
  1890 C. O. Jelliff Home Spruce Street
Census Order 1880
Charles Meeker
John Meeker
William F. Northrop
Levi Sherwood
Charles E. Jelliff

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
House of C O Jelliff This house was built in 1890 for Charles O Jelliff, the founder of the Jelliff Manufacturing Corp on Pequot Ave. Originally, two Charles Jelliffs lived on Spruce St. Charles O and Charles E were distant cousins    
1850-55 scrollwork additions 1891 Wakeman B. Meeker 25 Westway Road
courtesy LoC HABS
Jelliff & Northrop or Northrop probable (HABS report)" veranda trimmed with highly ornamental sawed scrollwork, added in 1891, enhanced the austere simplicty of the original house""Though no concrete information concerning an architect or builder is available, the exterior form and details are similar to other commissions of Northrop and Jelliff, the most prominent builder in Southport after mid-century."    
1893-4 Captain Peet House 1000 Harbor Road
“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
1000 Harbor Road built by Northrop Brothers. Tower later removed. Age 57 Age 49
Oct 22, 1895 Fire Southport Harbor area. Jelliff Buildiing, later Pequot Yacht Club, was one of the damaged buildings

Southport Burned. the Business Center Of the Place Destroyed-Loss over $50,000
Date: October 22, 1885
Connecticut New Haven Register
News Article (left) Northrop Bros Loss $4000.

The Southport Fire Department was organized October 2, 1895 following an arson fire that claimed $10,000 in damages to the brick warehouses of Francis Jelliff and the lives of 4 horses trapped in a neighboring barn. It took nearly three hours for the villagers and the Fairfield Volunteer Hook & Ladder Co. to extinguish the blaze. George E, the younger of the Northrop Brothers, was instrumental in the organization of a Southport volunteer department and served as the first Chief. Within two weeks there were already 23 members in newly formed department. The original Fire Department was next to Northrop Brothers Store.

It is interesting to note that in 1857 a number of prominent Southporters (Jennings, Sherwood, Meeker, Perry Bulkley incorporated the "Southport Fire Insurance Company".

Special acts and resolutions of the state of Connecticut

Age 59 Age 51
  1896-9 Dunne House Woodwork Beachside Avenue, Greens Farms
“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
"Northrop Brothers have the contract for the woodwork", Beachside Avenue Age 60 Age 52
  1896-1900? ?? Hammond House, Beachside Avenue
“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
Hammond House (mislabeled as Dunne House) was right next door to Dunne on Beachside Avenue. It is pure speculation that Northrop Brothers may have done some of the woodwork. 214 288 in census Age 60 Age 52
  1898 ?? Methodist Church
Center St & Pequot Ave

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 

No attribution for builder
"The (new) Methodist Church Bldg at the corner of Pequot Rd & Center St." House in left background is house (built for Godfrey) (above) which had stood on site in front of church and was moved to front on Center St. It was the parsonage. Around 1880 "Present Steward include Andrew W. Jennings, Lewis B. Jennings, William F. Northrop, George E. Northrop, A. P. Jennings. Trustees include AW Jennings, LB Jennings, William F. Northrop, AP Jennings, George E. Northrop" many Meekers, Parsells, Hubbells as well as Northrops in marriage and birth records.

The 1856 Clark Fairfield County Map shows the older Methodist Episcopal Church around the intersection of Taintor Drive and Rose Hill Road

Age 61 Age 53
  1899 Advertisement in Greenfield Hill Cook Book A book for the cook: old fashioned receipts for new fashioned kitchens By Village Improvement Society of Greenfield Hill, Conn Published by Published under the auspices of the Village Improvement Society of Greenfield Hill, Conn., 1899 Original from Harvard University Digitized Dec 29, 2007 100 pages Age 63 Age 55
  1904 William dies Fred takes over Northrop Brothers   1904, on the death of his father, Frederick, son of William F. became sole proprietor and continued the business under the name of Northrop Bros. George dies in 1906?, but apparently was not involved with business in 1904. Age 64 Age 56
1910 Cotone /Kish House Northrop Brothers under the direction of Frederick Elmore Northrop, son of William Fenn Northrop. originally stood on the site of 3530 Post Rd.moved to 742-44 Kings Hwy West Deceased  
    William Houses in Bridgeport (prob while George was in Civil War)   note in father Alvin's daybook    

Jelliff and Northrop and Northrop Brothers constructed many of the buildings designed by Bridgeport architects, Lambert and Bunnell (Edward R. Lambert and Rufus W. Bunnell). Ther may be other L&B buildings constructed by the Northrops.

William and George's in-laws were Charles Bulkley (married to sister, Julia) of Southport and later Greens Farms, Charles Meeker (brother-inlaw married to sister,Frances) , Westport, George B. Mills (married to sister,Louisa) , Westport, CT.

It seems quite plausible that unattributed homes of similar construction for Bulkleys, Meekers and Mills may be Northrop Brothers. Charles Bulkley (Julia Burr Northrop's husband) was also a carpenter and later a farmer (census). There is no information so far to indicate whether he worked with Northrop Brothers. Their uncle, William Hemson b. NY (mother Sarah's brother-in-law living in Westport next to father Alvin and mother Sarah in 1850) was also a carpenter and MIGHT be the one with the Mrs. Simon C. Sherwood home attributed to him.

1850 Westport -- Census Alvin Northrop and Sarah Wakeman Alvord are apparently living next to Abby Alvord Hemson, sister of Sarah, William Hemson (Carpenter) Brother-in-law to Sarah and Alvin and Abigail Jennings Alvord, Sarah's mother. Charles Bulkley, Carpenter age 18 was also living with the Hemsons. It is not know whether he was serving as an apprentice to William Hemson.

0348 361 Greens Farms Road
William Hemson House 5453-236
1855/ 1964
Bracketed Italianate?/Neo-Colonial
CHC (1988);
WHS 5:3 from Westport Historic Resources Inventory 2004

Another builder/carpenter during this period in Southport is Disbrow.(LF Sherwood House, Osborne Hetzel House carpenter work by Joseph Disbrow of Southport)There may even be an extended family connection through the Jelliffs.

In 1898 nephew Frederick he bought out his uncle's (George's) share in the business and became a partner with his father (William), under the same firm name (Northrop Brothers).




Connecticut Historical Collections By John Warner Barber

son of Ezekiel Bryant of Sheffield Mass., b. in Plympton Mass. Aug. 18, 1772, d. in Sheffield Jan. 9, 1830, moulder, later farmer (m. May 6, 1798 Mercy Northrop dau. of Enos and Anna [Drake] Northrop of Cornwall, Ct., desc. of Joseph Northrop of Milford. 1642, who d. Sep. n, 1669)


Samuel Northrop & widow Sarah Button of Beth-
lehem, June 2, 1779

Early Connecticut Marriages as Found on Ancient Church Records ... - Google Books Result

by Frederic W[illiam] Bailey - 1896 - Registers of births, etc
... 1779 Reuben Hicok & Silence Easton, April 28, 1779 Samuel Northrop & widow Sarah Button of Bethlehem, June 2, 1779 Seth Hastings & Eunice Parmele, Nov. ... -


Bethlehem New Cemetery

Northrop, Clarissa, w of T.D., d July 17, 1887 age 74 b ~ 1813
Northrop, Julia M., daug of T.D., & C., d Aug 30, 1837 age 3
Northrop, Timothy D., d Feb 1, 1870 age 58 b ~ 1812

Bethlehem Old Cemetery

Bird, Fannie Melissa Northrop, w of James Smith b 1825 d 1857

48 iv. Mary Sanford, born 5 Jul 1702 in Milford, New Haven Co., CT; died Unknown. She married Josiah Northrop.

Davis Baldwin was born in New Milford Aug. 8, 1777, where he resided until a
short time before his marriage, the home of his father, Isaac Baldwin, being in
the vicinity of Northville. His father was in the battle of Danbury in the
Revolution; was a carpenter and farmer.

33. HOMER18 BUCKINGHAM (GILBERT17, ABEL16, SARAH15 SMITH, JOSEPH14, SARAH13 FOWLER, WILLIAM12, WILLIAM11, JOHN10, WILLIAM9, THOMAS8, ROGER7, WILLIAM6, WILLIAM5, HENRY4, JOHN3, JOHN2, JOHN1 LE FOWLER) was born 29 November 1828 in Northville, Litchfield, Connecticut, and died 17 October 1907 in New Milford, Litchfield, Connecticut. He married ADELINE COUCH 11 November 1850 in New Milford, Litchfield, Connecticut.

Buried in Northville Cemetery, New Milford, Litchfield County, Connecticut


 6 Feb 1823 Deed Index to Land Records Grantor to Grantee, Town Clerk, Town Hall, Woodbury, Connecticut Vol 37, Page 80
Grantor: Abram Smith
Grantee: Job Northrop
Location: N. Woodbury

another piece of property to someone else

Northerly part of Woddbury in Nonnewaugs



Canaan Valley, Litchfield co, Conn home to

Elisha Barlow served in the War of 1812. He was a fifer in Captain Samuel Gilbert's Company of the Connecticut Militia. He received a pension for his service.
Elisha Barlow married Lydia Northrop
on June 24, 1811, at Washington, Connecticut
[Vital Records]. She was born in 1792 in
Connecticut [gravestone & 1850-60 censuses].
She died on February 4, 1878, at age 86 and was
buried in the Kent Hollow Cemetery [Hale
Index]. Their children were:
i. Sally Betsey Barlow was born on
February 24, 1812, at Washington, Connecticut
[Vital Records]. She married Watson B.
Robinson on October 27, 1834, at Kent,
Connecticut [Vital Records]. They were married by Eleazor Beecher. She was recorded as Sarah B. Barlow, living with her parents and apparently with a son Charles W. Robertson, age 14, at Washington in the 1850 census. She was recorded as Sally B. Robertson, living without her husband and with her parents at Washington
in the 1860 census.
ii. Mary N. Barlow was born on May 19, 1825. She died on June 25, 1825, at age 5
weeks 2 days, and was buried in the Kent
Hollow Cemetery [Hale Index].
iii. Mary A. Barlow was born in 1826 in
Connecticut [1850 census], probably at
Washington. She was recorded with her parents
at Washington in the 1850 census.
4. Heman Barlow, was born on
February 27, 1796, at Kent, Connecticut [Vital
Records], and was a son of 1. John and
Temperance (Branch) Barlow. He was recorded
at Washington, Connecticut, in the 1820 census.
He moved to McKean, Licking County, Ohio,
where he was recorded as a farmer in the 1850
census and as a shoemaker in the 1860 census.
And he was probably the unidentified male, age
40-50, living with his brother Julius Caswell
Barlow of Barlow 412 May 2000
Barlow at Fredonia, Licking County, Ohio, in the
1840 census.
Heman Barlow married first Amanda
----. She was born in February 1795. She died
John Barlow of Litchfield County, Connecticut (Continued)
on either March 22, 1827 [Church Records], or
March 25, 1827 [Hale Index], at Washington,
Connecticut, and was buried in the Kent Hollow
Cemetery. Their children were:
12. i. Joseph Lorenzo Barlow was born on
October 27, 1818, at Kent, Litchfield County,
13. ii. Frederick N. Barlow was born in 1822
[gravestone] at Kent, Litchfield County,
Connecticut [biography in The Baptist
Encyclopaedia, 1881]. In his biography in The
Baptist Encyclopaedia it was stated that "His
mother died when he was four years old."
Based on this assertion it has been determined
that he was a son of Heman and Amanda
14. iii. Edwin C. Barlow was born on April
30, 1826, at Washington, Connecticut [obituary,
1850 & 1860 censuses]. It is not known
definitely, but it is believed that he was named
after his cousin Edwin Cole who died in infancy
on March 7, 1826, and that his middle name was
Cole. Edwin C. Barlow's obituary states that his
mother died when he was an infant.
Heman Barlow married second Tempa
Carter, the widow of Jonah Carter, a
Revolutionary War soldier. She was born in
1786 in Connecticut [1850-60 censuses]. They
lived at McKean, Ohio, in 1850, next door to his
brother Julius Barlow's home, with Lydia Carter,
born in 1830 in Vermont, and Alma [Ann in
1860 census] Carter, born in 1832 in Vermont.
Heman and Tempa had no children.
5. Julius Caswell Barlow, was born on
April 22, 1798, at Kent, Connecticut [Vital
Records], and was a son of 1. John and
Temperance (Branch) Barlow. He died on May
3, 1843, at Fredonia, Licking County, Ohio [The
First Half Century of Madison University,
Sheldon & Co., New York, 1872].


WordPerfect - may-2000.txt

Elisha Barlow married Lydia Northrop on June 24, 1811, at Washington, Connecticut ..... buried Northville Cemetery, New Milford,. Connecticut [Hale Index]. ... - Similar -
by J BARLOW - 1897




Some telltale details to watch for in Northrop buildings and additions.

The Star in the circle detail


Harbor Road Cottages

Sawed Gothic style porch scrollwork


Wakeman B. Meeker House, 25 Westway Road, Southport, Fairfield County, CT
"the exterior form and details are similar to other commissions of Northrop and Jelliff, the most prominent builder in Southport after mid-century"


MOSES BULKLEY HOUSE " quite possible"

The porch no longer exists -- it appears to be a turned spindle constrution. " The house was built in 1893-4 by Northrop Bros (Southport builders)" Pequot Library Association Photo database.

Peet house porch


There is no identification of the Jelliff of Jeliff and Northrop, however I believe it may be Francis Jelliff and later Charles E. who was listed in the census as a "House Carpenter". At least one HABS report refers to Northrop and Jelliff. It is possible that both are correct and reflect a change from father, Francis to son, Charles E. in the partnership.

There is some kind of family connection between the Northrops and the Jeliff family. Betts and Northrop ran a carpentry business in Georgetown (Redding). I think it's entirely possible William may have spend some time learning his trade there

curous article
Burglary at Southport. Northrop Brothers' Safe Blown Open and Money and Papers Taken
Date: December 17, 1894
Location: Connecticut
Paper: New Haven Register
Article type: News Article



HABS NO. CONN-313 (Page 3)

3. Original and subsequent owners: The Episcopal Society of Fairfield acquired the corner lot upon which the church
and chapel stand from Harriet Dimon on May 22, 1854.
4. Builders, suppliers: Jelliff & Northrop. The "Chronicle" noted on July 17, 1872, "Messrs. Jelliff & Northrop have
contracted to build the new Parish schoolhouse."

5. Original plan and construction: The Chapel was originally constructed as a free-standing structure. Twentieth century additions have made it a part of the extended church complex. Designed on a simple rectangular navetype plan with a frontal porch and decorative wooden bell cote, the small chapel's board-and-batten siding and modest though strong Gothic details create a composition which is both expressive of the rural church architecture popular throughout the country at mid-century and purely unique to this protected coastal village. The otherwise simple plan is given over to details which inherently possess a sense of upward movement and contribute to the over-all vertical thrust of the building. Most important to the success of the ascending composition is the chapelts finely scaled rectangular shape topped by an expansive, steep pitched roof. Sheathed with vertical boards and punctuated at short, regular intervals by long, slender battens, the materials alone used to cover the chapel's surface direct the eye upward. The four corners of the main block and two exposed comers of the front entrance porch are reinforced by buttresses which are surmounted by steep gables. A complement to the rhythmic evenness of the wooden siding is the predictability of the symmetrical three-bay front facade. Lancet windows filled with quatrefoil stained glass in the pointed arches flank the central porch and lancet-arched doorway. The paneled door is also topped with a quatrefoil: stained-glass transom in the arch. The four windows on each of the side elevations and the two in the rear wall are identical to those on the front. The climax of the chapel's Gothic design is the decorative bell cote with its steep pitched gable roof, set atop the main roof ridge. The end posts of the bell cote are visually, though not structurally, carried through the deep eaves of the front gable; the gable is braced by supportive brackets and trimmed with a sawed openwork vergeboard. 6. Alterations and additions: The original small wooden stoop in front of the entrance porch was replaced with a concrete stoop, A small brick chimney with decorative corbelling located at the rear of the building was removed when the central heating system was installed. There were originally four lancet windows evenly spaced, on each side elevation, and two in the rear wall. Two windows on each side elevation and those on the rear were removed. When the church extension was constructed, the chapel was simultaneously enlarged at the side and rear, the steep pitched gable roof was lowered, and the original stairway to the basement, built against the chapel's southwest wall, was removed. B. Sources of Information:


Statement of Significance:
658 Pequot Road (northwest corner of Pequot.Road and Center Street), Southport, Fairfield County, Connecticut.
USGS Westport Quadrangle Map; Universal Transverse
Mercator Coordinates: I8.6I362O.i^55^80O.
William N. Wallace. Residence.
The Pomeroy house vas designed by the locally prominent architects Lambert & Bunnell and erected 1868-69. Patterned in the nineteenth-century Second Empire style, the handsome facade is symmetrical about a projecting three-story central pavilion and dominated by a profusion of details, of bold and delicate proportions. Clusters of expertly carved square colonnettes support the porch's extended flat roof; bracketed modillions receive the weight of the deep, roll molded cornice. A mansard roof covered with a multicolored slate surface and rounded dormers top the composition. Mrs. Benjamin Pomeroy, the wife of one of Southport's
industrious and wealthy shipping merchants, built the residence for herself and her daughters. It remained within the family until 19^6.

A. Physical History:
1. Date of erection: 1868-69. The Southport "Chronicle" of May 1868 reported that "Mrs. Benjamin Pomeroy is about to
erect a large and elegant dwelling near the site of the present one." On May 15, 1^69 the "Chronicle" announced that "Mrs. Benjamin Pomeroy's new dwelling will soon be completed, and will be one of the finest, if not the, finest, residence in the village." Noting the residence's distinctive beauty, the "Chronicle" recorded on August 1, I869 the completion of Mrs. Pomeroy's new home. "The elegant residence of Mrs. Benjamin Pomeroy, now finished and occupied by her, is an ornament to the street . . . and a great credit to the builders, Messrs. Jelliff & Northrop . . . No need to go abroad for our builders - we have those that excelled, at home."

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 

Legrand Sherwood /William F.Northrop, Frederick E. Northrop Home

Moses Bulkley House."HABS Ho, ^:C0NN^299
yj() mixi- street^-
Historic American Buildings Survey
Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation
National Park Service
Department of the Interior
Washington, B.C. 202^3

courtesy LoC HABS

courtesy LoC HABS

Location:176 Main Street, Southport, Fairfield County, Connecticut
USGS Westport Quadrangle Map; Universal Transverse Mercator Coordinates: l8.6hk020.k'^^kQ6O
Present Owner and Occupant:Fred and Elizabeth Lack
Present Use:Residence Statement of Significance:

The Moses Bulkley house was designed by the Bridgeport architects Lambert & Bunnell and erected 1861. It is a stunning example of American Pointed Gothic architecture. Characteristic of the Gothic mode, the structure is designed on a cruciform plan. The distinguishing feature of this style is the pointed arch; the dominant visual impression of the Bulkley house is its acute angular form. Expansive pointed gables trimmed with a gingerbread vergeboard, pointed arched windows, ogee arches trimmed with Jigsaw tracery on the veranda, and a tall square tower topped with a steeply-pitched pyramidal roof and crowned by an Early English style finial at the apex create this sense of verticality. Moses Bulkley was a patron of the arts and literature. The Bulkleys are one of Southport's leading families.
A. Physical History:
1. Date of erection: Two entries in the personal journal of Rufus W. Bunnell apparently refer to the Captain Moses Bulkley residence. He writes, "Among other work of I861 was a gothic house for a wealthy Southport man, that gave us $112." In August of I86I, Bunnell mentioned that he and Lambert walked to Southport and made a final visit to the new "B" house that they had planned. "Capt. B" casually asked the two architects how they had traveled from Bridgeport. They replied that they had walked.
Stylistic details, highly ornate carved wooden trim, and the residence's substantial proportions strongly suggest that Bunnell was referring to the Moses Bulkley residence in his journal entries. 2. Architects: Lambert & Bunnell. Henry A. Lambert and Rufus W. Bunnell were a Bridgeport architectural firm who designed buildings in Southport during the l860s and TOs. Their work here included the Moses Bulkley house, the Mrs. Benjamin Pomeroy House {Conn-298), the Mrs. Zalmon Wakeman House (Conn- 29T), and the Southport Congregational Church {Conn-31l). According to Bunnell, for a considerable period during the
latter part of the nineteenth century, he and Lambert were the only architects practicing in the Bridgeport area. In 1881, two items in the Bridgeport "Standards" newspaper listed Lambert as practicing alone, which indicates that the partners had separated, or Bunnell had retired or died. 3. Original and subsequent owners: An 1858 and an 1860 map of Fairfield and vicinity list Moses and George Bulkley as the owners of this plot of land. They had acquired the land in 1853. Following is a chain of title to the property, beginning in 1853. Records cited are in the Office of the Recorder of Deeds, Fairfield Town Hall, Fairfield, Connecticut, 1853 Deed, November 11, l853, recorded in Volume 51, page 28. Levi W- and Henrietta Burr to George Bulkley. 1862 Deed, September 5> l862, recorded in Volume 5^> page 516. George Bulkley to Moses Bulkley. 1868 November I868, Will of Moses Bulkley to Frederick Bulkley. 1869 Quit Claim Deed, November 25, I869, recorded in Volume 57, page 623. Frederick Bulkley to Oliver Bulkley. 190i^ Deed, January 11, 190^, recorded in Volume T5, page 205. Estate of Oliver Bulkley to Amelia G. Bulkley. I9OT Deed, May 27, 1907s recorded in Volume 76, page 51-57- Estate of Amelia G. Bulkley to Annie L. Bulkley and Katie. A. B. Jennings. 1923 Deed, April 2, 1923, recorded in Volume IO5, page 57- Annie L. Bulkley and Katie A. B. Jennings to Florence B. Keets.
MBS No. COWN-299 (Page 3)
1915 Deed, May 1, 19it5, recorded in Volume 199> page 6ll. Florence B. Keets to Dorothy E. Whiting. 1957 Deed, August 1, 1957, recorded in Book 366, page 252. Dorothy E. Whiting to Fred R. and Elizabeth A. Lackh. Builders, suppliers: Northrop Brothers, a prominent Southport lumber and building firm, received many of the contracts for the finest and most elegant commissions in town. Their works included Trinity Church (Conn-312), Southport Congregational Church (Conn-311), Southport Savings Bank (Conn-315), and the Charles Oilman House at 1T7 Main Street.It is therefore quite possible that Northrop was the builder/ carpenter for the Bulkley house. 5. Original plan and construction: The Bulkley house's cruciform]: The plan is characteristic of Gothic architecture, which had its origins in twelfth-and thirteenth-century English church design. It is two-and-a-half stories with partially exposed basement and measures fifty feet sq.uare around the perimeter. The wooden balloon frame is covered with horizontal clapboarding. The wide, overhanging eaves are created by projecting roof surfaces. The distinguishing feature of Early Gothic Revival architecture in America is the pointed arch. The dominant impression of the Bulkley house is its verticality, an acute angular form. This is achieved by large pointed gables trimmed with a scallop-pattern gingerbread vergeboard, twin pointed-arched windows within a pointed arch opening, thin wooden posts which support the front veranda and forming ogee arches trimmed with jigsaw Gothic tracery, and the 1886 three-and-a-half story square tower with pointed gable roofed dormers piercing its steeply-pitched pyramidal roof. The entire composition is completed by an Early English style finial capping the pointed apex of the tower. The Bulkley house is a stunning and excellent specimen of Pointed Carpenter Gothic architecture. 6. Alterations and additions: The three-and-a-half story square tower with pyramidal roof was added in 1886. On October 21, I886, the Southport "Chronicle" reported that"Work upon the addition to the residence of Oliver Bulkley is progressing, and the new tower now stands so as to show its good proportions 5 and the improvement to the appearance of the residence is already evident." Further alterations were completed in 1891 by Northrop Brothers, though what these actually included is unknown. The "Chronicle" recorded on April 2, I89I that "Northrop Bros, began work on the alterations of the Moses Bulkley place Tuesday."

B. Historical Events and Persons Connected with the Structure: Moses Bulkley vas a prosperous sea captain and ship-owner involved in the sea commerce of the Mill River harbor. His son, Oliver was horn in Southport and married Amelia Gilbert of New
Haven. Though he was without a common profession, he was a generous patron of the arts and literature. C. Bibliography:
1. Primary and unpublished sources: Bunnell, Rufus W. Personal journal. In the possession of Joanna Zangrando of New Haven, Connecticut. Fairfield County Deed Records, Office of the Recorder, Fairfield Town Hall, Fairfield, Connecticut. Fairfield County Probate Records, Probate Court, Fairfield Town Hall, Fairfield. 2. Secondary and published sources: The Bulkeley Genealogy, Rev. Peter Bulkeley. Donald L. Jacobus, compiler. New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse& Taylor Co., 1933- Southport "Chronicle," September 9> I886; October 21, 1886; april 2, 189I. Prepared by Jan E. Cigliano Staff Historian Historic American
Buildings Survey
January 19T9
This project was undertaken by the Historic American Buildings Survey in cooperation with the Southport Historic District Commission, several members of whom provided the necessary funds. The project was completed in the summer of 1966 Tinder the general direction of James C. Massey, then the Chief of HABS; Ralph Schwarz of the Ford Foundation; and Architect
John C. Waite (Columbia University); with assistant architects Christopher Benninger (Harvard University), Richard Haines (University of Kentucky), and Andrew Craig Morrison (University of Michigan), and architectural historian David T. VanZanten (Harvard University), at the HABS Field Office in Southport, Connecticut. The data was prepared and edited in HABS Washington office in December 1978 by Jan E. Cigliano, staff historian. Photographs were taken by HABS staff photographer Jack E. Boucher in September 1966.

Southport .Congregational Church HABS No. G0NH~311

523 Pequot Road Southport
Fairfield County, Connecticut

Statement of Significance:
The Southport Congregational Church is designed in the High Victorian Gothic manner "by locally prominent architects Lambert and Bunnell, and erected in 1874-75 it is constructed of granite ashlar masonry with a lighter stone around openings. Contrasts in the building materials have the effect of accenting sections and details. While the exterior design emphasizes asymmetry and variegated massing, a sense of balance is achieved. The rectangular nave section functions as the central axis in the composition. The flanking tower and its polygonal. wooden spire to one side is counter-balanced by the porte-cochere crowned by a slender hell-cote on the other. Inside, the nave's main roof is supported by a hammerbeam truss system, the members of which are carved in quatrefoil and stylized Gothic motifs. The Southport Congregational Society vas organized in March 18^3, and has remained an influential cultural force in the community since that time.
A, Physical History:

1. Date of erection: l874-75- In 1871, parish members recognized the need for a new church. Raising the necessary funds and acquiring the building materials took three years. The Southport "Chronicle" reported on July 12, 1871, "The members of the Southport Congregational Society held a special meeting, on the 4th of July and reconsidered the action taken at a previous meeting with a view to remodel the old church and erect a new lecture-room. They determined to give up the plan of remodeling, and voted unanimously to build a new church at a cost of $30,000. We believe that the whole amount, with the exception of a small sum, has already "been pledged, and we hear that the work of "building will proceed as soon as possible." By May 23, 1874 the work had begun. The "Chronicle" noted that "the church was started from its foundation Tuesday of this week, and seemed to move with the 'greatest of ease.' Mr. Gould, the veteran builder-mover has charge of the job." The new stone church was dedicated on February 2, 1876. 2. Architects: Lambert & Bunnell. The "Chronicle" reported on September l8, l872: "We were shown by Messrs. Lambert& Bunnell, Architects in Bridgeport, two drawings of the new Congregational church which it is designed to build in Southport. These plans, one a front, and the other a side view, are very handsome, and we hope and expect soon to see them copied in stone, an ornament to the village." The architects signed the final contract for the design of stone building on June h, 18T^- Henry A. Lambert and Rufus B. Bunnell were a Bridgeport architectural firm who designed several buildings in Southport during the l860s and TOs. Their work here included the Moses Bulkley House, lj6 Main Street (Conn-299), the Mrs. Benjamin Pomeroy House, 658 Pequot Road (Conn-298), the Mrs. Zalmon Wakeman House, 418 Harbor Road (Conn-29T), and the Southport Congregational Church. For a considerable period during the latter part of the nineteenth century, according to Bunnell, he and Lambert were the only architects practicing in the Bridgeport area. By 188I the firm had dissolved; two items in the "Bridgeport Standards" newspaper listed Lambert as practicing alone. 3. Original and subsequent owners: The Southport Congregational Society purchased the land upon which the present structure stands in February, 1835- The Society has owned this land since that time. They erected the first church on this site, a wooden edifice, in l841-42. The congregation was officially organized and the building dedicated on March 7, 1843. h. Builder, contractor, suppliers: The Southport "Chronicle" followed the church's construction in close detail during iSTU.In the following items, the local newspaper recorded simultaneously the workmen involved and the building's progress. May 6, 1874 The "new Congregational Church is to [be] constructed of stone; that nev parties from Westerly, R.I., are to furnish the stone and do the masonry work: and that Messrs. Jelliff and Northrop are to do the carpenter work." June 10, 1874 "The Congregational Church lot was The Southport builder and architects, Disbrow & Taylor, were established in 1871. On January 1, 1873, the partners extended the firm by the admission of a Mr. F.S. Wheeler, builder and draftsman, to the team, becoming Disbrow, Taylor & Co. The Southport "Chronicle" reported on November 26, 1873, the end of the original firm:"The co-partnership of Disbrow, Taylor & Co., has been dissolved by the death of Mr. Taylor. The surviving partners will continue the business under the firm name of Disbrow & Wheeler."

from Southport Globe

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 

Moses Aaron Sherwood House, site 658 Pequot Avenue, Southport, Connecticut
House built circa 1825 by Aaron Moses Sherwood (1804-1848), son of Aaron & Mary (Couch) Sherwood. Sherwood, listed in Class 1824 Yale booklet as merchant & farmer. Married Catherine Cone of Saybrook CT, 6 children. Widow Catherine married 1851 to James Spencer, owner saddle tree factory Sasco Mill, Post Road. 1856 left Southport, but property identified on circa 1858 Eneas Smith map as J. Spencer until sold 1859 to Benj Pomeroy. Pomeroys lived here until late 1860's when house sold to Simon Banks and moved to 98 Banks Place. Present 658 Peq Ave completed on site in 1869. Unsigned information dated Oct 1946 on reverse of photo gives photo date as "Spring 1868" and information with proviso that all "should be checked." Identified people, left to right: Mrs H[enry] T Bulkley [Rebekah Wheeler 1835-1908, sister Benj Pomeroy]; Michael Crowley [coachman]; Horse Mary Harrison[?]; [in buggy] Mrs Rodman (Anna Pomeroy) 1840-1919 [aka Jerusha, sister of Benj Pomeroy per will]; child "don't know"; [seated in front of house on the right side] Mrs Andrew Bulkley 1752-1868; [Sally Dimon, mother of Mrs Benj Pomeroy]; Mrs Benj. Pomeroy 1819-1899 [Mary Josephine Bulkley, dau Andrew and Sally Bulkley]; Benj Pomeroy (son) 1852-1875 [standing]; Josephine B Pomeroy 1854-1868; Mary Frances Pomeroy 1859-1922 [dau of Benj & Mary Josephine Pomeroy, m Dr Brooks Hughes Wells 1885, Wells family inherited property]. Material in brackets by VLH. Gazebo to left was moved to rear of 658 Pequot Ave house. Carriage house visible at left behind gazebo is on land in the rear of 658 Pequot Ave, redone 20th century as private residence. Partial view of carriage house at extreme left belonged to the F D Perry house, 678 Pequot Ave, now Trinity Rectory. For views of Moses Sherwood house on 98 Banks Place site see Ralph Schwarz' Southport, Architectural Legacy of a CT Village

The house, one of 19 historically significant buildings in Southport, was designed by the Bridgeport architects Lambert and Bunnell and built in 1868.

1993 showhouse
Creator: V Louise Higgins
Publisher: Pequot Library Association
Date: Spring 1868
Format: Photograph

This is the replacement to the home directly above


“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
2. Architects: Lambert & Bunnell.
Henry A, Lambert and Rufus W. Bunnell were a Bridgeport architectural firm who designed buildings in Southport
during the 186O3 and TOs. Their work here included the Moses Bulkley House (Conn-299), the !-Irs. Zalmon Wakeman
House C, Conn-29T)s the Southport Congregational Church CConn-31l) and the Mrs, Benjamin Pomeroy House. According
to Bunnell, for a considerable period during the latter part of the nineteenth century, he and Lambert were the only architects practicing in the Bridgeport area. In lb8l, two items in the Bridgeport "Standards" newspaper listed Lambert as practicing alone, which indicated that the partnership had dissolved. 3. Original and subsequent owners: The following is a chain of title to 65B Pequot Road, the lot upon which the structure stands, References are in the Office of the Recorder of Deeds, Fairfield Town Hall, Fairfield, Connecticut. 1059 Deed, April 26, l859, recorded in Volume 53; page l62. Wallace Sherwood to Benjamin Pomeroy.
1866 Will, December 28, lts66, Benjamin Pomeroy gave the property to his wife, Mary J. Pomeroy. 1899 Deed, July 1, I899, recorded in Volume TO, page 306. Mary J. Pomeroy to Brooks H. and Mary T.P. Wells. 1921 Deed, March 10, 1921, recorded in Volume 105, page 30. Brooks H. Wells to Mary P. Pomeroy Wells, Mary Pomeroy Wells, Pauline Pomeroy Wells, Dorothy Pomeroy Wells, Josephine B.W. Browning, I9U6 Deed, April 11, 19^6, recorded in Vol\une 207, page 637. Estate of Mary P.P. Wells to Pauline P., Mary P, and Dorothy P, Wells and Josephine Browning. 19^6 Deed, Mary 10, 19H6, recorded in Book 209, page 298. Pauline P. Wells and Conservatrlx of Estate of Mary P. Wells to Jessica H. Frost, one-quarter interest. Pauline P. Wells' Estate to Jessica H. Keene Frost, three-quarters interest. 1952 Deed, June 17, 1952, recorded in Book 280, page 76. Estate of Jessica Keene Frost to Caroline Knowlton Lipscomb. 1959 Deed, September 30, 1959» recorded in Book 399, page 176. Caroline Libscomb Knowlton to William N. Wallace,

h. Builders, suppliers: Jelliff & Northrop, Southport builders and lumber suppliers, did the construction work for Mrs.
Pomeroy's house.

5- Original plan and construction: The over-all character of the Pomeroy house as originally constructed is quite similar to that of the Mrs, Zalmon Wakeman residence, 418 Harbor Road (.Conn-297), which vas also designed "by Lambert & Bunnell and erected in 18TI. Each is really a remarkable design, patterned in the nineteenth-century Second Empire style. The facade of the Pomeroy house is symmetrical about a projecting three-story central pavilion and dominated by a profusion of three-dimensional details, of bold and delicate proportions. Supporting the raised front porch with its extended flat roof are clusters of carved square colonnettes. Bracketed modillions receive the weight of the deep, roll molded cornice. On the first level, the main entry of arched double doors topped by a recessed upper panel is flanked on either side by full-length windows which are protected by segmentally-arched drip moldings. The porch's cornice detail is repeated around the main cornice, articulating the eave of the straight mansard roof. Rounded dormers with twin round-headed windows pierce the roof's multicolored slate surface,
B. Bibliography:

Pomeroy 658 Pequot Road (northwest corner of Pequot.Road and Center Street), Southport, Fairfield County, Connecticut.

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 


#292 John Meeker House
Subject Southport, Connecticut
Description B/w post card. Written on front: "Southport 1906. The John Meeker House." The building date of this house has not been firmly established. Although the Meekers purchased the land in 1856, there has been found no record of a dwelling on the site until the 1880 Census, when John and his wife are shown at this location. Mrs Meeker took both local and summer boarders in the 1880's. In 1914 the property was purchased by Dr Mathias Perry (from Georgia; he is not believed to be related to other Perrys in Southport). The property remained in the Perry family until the 1960's. See _Packet_ April 1990, Vol 4 #2. (4/90) Thanks to the Sthport _Chronicle_ 10 Dec 1873, we can now date this house. "Mr & Mrs John Meeker's new house was raised on Monday. This is to be a very large dwelling & will be used as a boarding house, just the thing Southport has wanted for many years. The large number of bedrooms will be commodious and airy, just suited for summer boarders. Messrs Jelliff & Northrop, builders, have the contract. The 'raising' was a great success. About 50 pairs of strong arms assisted... bountiful repast provided for the helpers at Capt Pike's. Mrs Meeker's boarding house has always been a favorite... & we wish her great success in this enlarged enterprise." (12/1/92)
Creator V Louise Higgins
Publisher Pequot Library Association
Date 1906
Format photograph

In 1880 the census list shows the following order.
Charles Meeker
John Meeker
William F. Northrop
Levi Sherwood
Charles E. Jelliff

While there are no streets or addresses listed in the census record, the address for William F. Northrop at about the same time period makes it likely the Meeker home was built on Spruce Street.This would have place the boardinghouse conviently close to the railroad and village.


Southport Congregational Church "May 6, 1874 The "new Congregational Church is to [be] constructed of stone; that nev parties
from Westerly, R.I., are to furnish the stone and do the masonry work: and that
Messrs. Jelliff and Northrop are to do the carpenter work." The Southport "Chronicle"
followed the church's construction in close detail during
iSTU.In the following items, the local newspaper recorded
simultaneously the workmen involved and the building's
progress. and may have included some construction for an average family.  There is some mention of building homes in Bridgeport as well.

They built three homes (maybe 4) adjacent to one another on Pequot Avenue and at least two on Mill River near the Tide Mill. The star in the circle was (at least one of) a mark of their work.

Thanks David...

Constructed by the post-Civil War master carpenter and contractor George Northrop, the Northrop Cottage was built to the north of his own home to house his chief foreman.  The Northrop Brothers erected or renovated most Southport houses built in this era.  Although often taken from pattern book blueprints, all exhibit a handsome degree of detailing.  The Southport Chronicle newspaper noted in 1869 that there was “no need to go abroad” for architectural inspiration when such excellent ingenuity as that produced by the Northrop firm was available at home.  Northrop Brothers were builders as well as lumber, coal and building supply merchants.  The picture above shows the proprietors in front of their offices, a building that still stands nearby, adjacent to the railroad in the village of Southport, Connecticut.

From Ralph Schwartz book “Ralph Schwarz' _Southport, Architectural Legacy of a CT Village_.”

From the picture

Lumber & Coal, Longman & Martinez Pure Paints. Sheathing Flooring, Shingle/Siding, BRICK/LIME/cement /Plaster Lath/ Hair, Fairbanks Scales, painting walls glass, carpentry joining repairing

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 

In the past few years many homes in Southport previously stripped on the evidence of Northrop gingerbread have renovated the homes restoring the star in the circle brackets and the cutouts on wooden stairs.

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 

Despite some of the PR at the time "Southport Chronicle newspaper noted in 1869 that there was “no need to go abroad” for architectural inspiration when such excellent ingenuity as that produced by the Northrop firm was available at home.", some of the homes (I've heard perhaps those in Bridgeport were more standard production design than some of those in Southport.

The Northrop Brothers also ran a lumber and coal business. This building is still standing. It's across from the Southport Railroad Station Southport, CT.

The building was later the first home of Sturm Ruger.

Some people have mentioned that the Railroad Station may have been built by Northrop brothers. So far I have no confirmation, but here is an image of the Eastbound (south) station.

picture is dated 1900-1920

This appears to be the Westbound station before the turn of the century.

At some point one of the Northrops (almost certainly William due to his age) was in partnership in the Northrop Jeliff Hardware Company. The building is shown on an 1867 map(check date) as being right in the middle Southport Center. If the building still exists it may be the former Market that is now the Fairfield Women's Exchange or next door an antique shop. I believe at some point Jelliff Bought out Northrop. The Jelliff company (not the same, but a relative) is next door and still exists in Southport Center. I believe this was a relative who moved the business from Redding CT.

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 

Dunne House Northrop Brothers had the contract for all the woodwork.


“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
1000 Harbor Road, Southport, CT


“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 

The first Southport firehouse was just south of Northrop Brothers store. A portion of the Lumber and Hardware store is to the right in the picture.



“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 

1910 Cotone House

Sturm Ruger had their first home at the Railroad Avenue Property that once housed Northrop Brothers Lumber and Coal. I believe this is George Elmore Northrop and son William standing. This is an image of from an anniversary issue of the Ruger Collector's Journal. The photo is given a date of around 1880.

This home on Pequot Avenue, Southport, Connecticut is a recently restored example of the Northrop Brothers fine carpentry and building in the Southport-Greeens Farms area. There is reference to this home being built for the Northrop brothers foreman or superintendent.  It is right next to the home of George E. Northrop.


LF Sherwood House 80 Spruce Street

This is probably NOT by Northrop Brothers

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 

L Fisher Wood House

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 


??? Lockwood Matthews Mansion popped up in a search for Northrop. Is it highly unlikely Northrop brothers did work on the original construction of the Lockwood Matthews Mansion in Norwalk, however, there is some family relationship between Lockwoods and some branch of Northrops -- not sure if it's the right branch.

courtesy Lockwood Matthews Museum

"Pequot swamp was until 1835 another natural curiosity of the town. It was so named from the famous swamp fight between the New Englanders and the Pequot, which will ever make it remarkable in the annals of local history. The rise of ground in its centre, which had the appearance of an artificial mound, was a natural hill. For a long time it was supposed to be the work of the Indians, and filled with their graves; but when Pequot Avenue was opened in 1835, it became necessary to make a passage through it. This was done by tunneling through the centre, as the ground above was frozen hard. Most of the men of the place were sea captains, who employed their leisure hours in the winter in making this excavation. They found but one Indian skeleton, and to their surprise discovered, by the different strata of earth, that the supposed mound was a natural hill, The open hill for many years formed walls on cither side of the road, which are now leveled, so that only a faint vestige of the hill is to be seen. This, historic swamp lies northwest of the residence of the late Hon. Jonathan, Godfrey, of Southport, and only a few rods west of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, which crosses Pequot Avenue."

This is a mystery. to my knowlege, Pequot Avenue doesn't cross the railroad, now however, it is closest to the railroad just by the Northrop houses on Pequot Avenue.

from The History of Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut  By Elizabeth Hubbell Schenck link               

p. 18 "In 1833 a new road was cut through Pequot Swamp extending into the Village, to facilitate quicker passage of mail matter and pasengers from New York as the only means of daily news was conveyed by the stage coach. That involved cutting away the mound where the Pequot Fort stood. Many relics of the Pequots have been found.

"francis Jelliff was one of three men who volunteered to try and save men from the steamer Lexington. They were only able to save 3 men on the bitter cold night with the mercury at zero."


Long Island Sound was closed by ice March 1, 1838

& Hartford first operation September 1848

November 5th 1894 ground broken for trolley ars in Deember the cars started entering the village.

Bicycles made their first appearance in 1884.


the first paper -- the Chronicle a monthly edition in November 1867.The Times and Advertiser followed in succession.

In 1892 on the erection of a new flag pole in place of the old one on the scrool house grounds "into the bottom was morticed a box, hermetically sealed, containing cipes of the Chronicle, Herald and Tribune newspapers, names of the committee and donor,half-dollar,quartr-dollar, dime, nikcel and cent of current date. on the exterior were fastened th quarter-dollar and copper penny taken from the old pole.


Mill River, Southport, Reminiscences of the Past, Southport, CTR The southport Chronicle Printers 1896

Charlotte Malvina Bulkley








Southport Globe blog


“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 

Title #184 J T Dunne House
Subject Southport, Connecticut
Description Photographer: H Hess, Comm. Photog., 292 Weirfield St, Brooklyn, NY. Printed on front: "Res. of Jas. Dunne. Greens Farms, Conn. 5156." This house was located on Beachside Ave. [text missing here...]ure, the sides of the house to be shingled. Wide verandahs will be built on two sides. The lower floors will be laid in quartered oak, while maple will be used for the upper floors. Window seats will be provided for all windows on the ground floor. The bathroom is to be finished in marble and nickel & the house will contain all modern improvements. Northrop Bros have the contract for the woodwork,... plumbing to be done by Woodward & Furniss. This and the elegant mansion which Dr Hammond is building close by will add... to the number of handsome residences which line the shore..." Ffld Record 21 June 1899: "Edgar Sherwood has accepted the position of skipper of J T Dunne's catboat, Kit." This house was destroyed by fire in the early 1900's and Dunne moved across Beachside Ave to a cottage he had previously built for his staff.
Creator V Louise Higgins
Publisher Pequot Library Association
Format photograph
#267 1000 Harbor Rd, Capt Peet House

“From the Southport Picture File at Pequot Library, used with permission.” 
Title #267 1000 Harbor Rd, Capt Peet House
Subject Southport, Connecticut
Description B/w post card. Printed on the front: "Southport 1906. The Peet House." The house was built in 1893-4 by Northrop Bros (Southport builders) for Capt Benjamin F Peet. The tower was removed when the house was remodelled in the 20th century. See also #268 & 268A. See _Packet_ April 1987, Vol 1 #2.
Creator V Louise Higgins
Publisher Pequot Library Association
Date 1906
Format photograph
#281 L F Sherwood House
Title #281 L F Sherwood House
Subject Southport, Connecticut
Description See comments with #280. This picture shows a Sherwood family gathering of some kind. Photo #282 is a closeup of the 13 people shown here on the porch. The house partially visible to the right is #62, the William F/Fred Northrop house. See Packet April 1990, Vol 4 #2.
Creator V Louise Higgins
Publisher Pequot Library Association
Format photograph

#292 John Meeker House
Title #292 John Meeker House
Subject Southport, Connecticut
Description B/w post card. Written on front: "Southport 1906. The John Meeker House." The building date of this house has not been firmly established. Although the Meekers purchased the land in 1856, there has been found no record of a dwelling on the site until the 1880 Census, when John and his wife are shown at this location. Mrs Meeker took both local and summer boarders in the 1880's. In 1914 the property was purchased by Dr Mathias Perry (from Georgia; he is not believed to be related to other Perrys in Southport). The property remained in the Perry family until the 1960's. See _Packet_ April 1990, Vol 4 #2. (4/90) Thanks to the Sthport _Chronicle_ 10 Dec 1873, we can now date this house. "Mr & Mrs John Meeker's new house was raised on Monday. This is to be a very large dwelling & will be used as a boarding house, just the thing Southport has wanted for many years. The large number of bedrooms will be commodious and airy, just suited for summer boarders. Messrs Jelliff & Northrop, builders, have the contract. The 'raising' was a great success. About 50 pairs of strong arms assisted... bountiful repast provided for the helpers at Capt Pike's. Mrs Meeker's boarding house has always been a favorite... & we wish her great success in this enlarged enterprise." (12/1/92)
Creator V Louise Higgins
Publisher Pequot Library Association
Date 1906
Format photograph
#517 Cotone/Kish House 742-44 Kings Hwy West
Title #517 Cotone/Kish House 742-44 Kings Hwy West
Subject Southport, Connecticut
Description Photographer: Hugh Smith. The house was built by Northrop Bros for Vito Cotone in 1910 and originally stood on the site of 3530 Post Rd. The George Kish family owned it from 1914 to 1940. Jerry Sarno, who bought it, moved it to its present location in 1940. It was remodelled in the 1980's. See photos 515, 516 & 518. See July 1995.
Creator V Louise Higgins
Publisher Pequot Library Association
Date c 1980
Format photograph


Dave's Victorian House Site


Victorian Houses

A Guide To The Major Architectural Styles

Victorian America had fashions in house design, exactly as we have fashions in clothing or hair style — except that well-to-do Victorians took the design of their homes far more seriously than we take our hair.  The Victorians were highly status-conscious, and in Victorian America, nothing displayed your status like your house.

House fashions literally started at the dinner table.  Most wealthy Victorians spent what would seem to us to be an incredible amount of time socializing:  it was not uncommon for them to either attend or host a dinner party 2 to 5 times a week.  Victorian dinners were formal and long, consisting of many courses served over as much as three hours.  Afterwards, the gentlemen would retire to the game room for cigars, brandy, and billiards or cards, while the ladies would retire to the drawing room for needlepoint, possibly music, and have sherry or tea.

In short, your social circle saw your house a lot, so it was important that the house be impressive — that is, designed in the latest fashion.  The house of a successful Victorian family was more than merely a home; it was a statement of their taste, wealth, and education.

The Gothic Revival was the first and most important of the many house fashions to sweep Victorian America, starting in about 1840.  This style harked back to medieval castles and cathedrals, and its growth in popularity came simultaneously with romantic movements in all the arts — that is, simultaneously with the infamous Victorian taste for melodramatic music, plays, and novels.  It was an odd Victorian who saw any essential difference between enjoying a romantic novel by Sir Walter Scott, set in a never-never land of knights and castles, or building an expensive house in that same style.

The Gothic Revival house is characterized by steeply pitched roofs, pointed-arch windows, elaborate vergeboard trim along roof edges, high dormers, the use of lancet windows and other Gothic details, and board and batten siding, often set vertically rather than horizontally.  The greatest concentration of classic Gothic Revival houses is in New England — but the more modest "folk Victorian" houses which were built by working-class Victorians eventually became so ubiquitous that it is almost impossible to imagine an America not covered coast-to-coast with them.  In midwestern farming communities in particular the style exhibited incredible durability, and (in Folk Victorian form) was still being built as late as the 1940's.

The next fashion was the Italianate, so-called because it looked to the country villas of northern Italy for its inspiration.  The style was characterized by a rectangular massing of the body of the house, often arranged picturesquely into assymetric blocks to imitate the sprawling look of centuries-old villas in Italy that had been modified and enlarged by many generations.  The style also featured low-pitched, often flat roofs; heavy supporting brackets under the eaves, often elaborately carved; and windows with heavy hoods or elaborate surrounds.  The style often features a square tower or cupola, in which case it is sometimes referred to as "Tuscan".

Although very elegant and even grand Italianates are fairly common in the East, Midwest and on the West Coast, this particular Victorian style is fairly rare in the deep South.  The time of the greatest popularity for the style, the 1860's and 1870's, coincided with the economic devastation brought on by the Civil War, and there were few in the post-war South who could afford to build expensive new houses then.

The Second Empire style was fashionable at about the same time as the Italianate, but its popularity was more spotty geographically.  Most large cities in the industrial Northeast and the Midwest have many examples, but the style is fairly uncommon in the South and on the West Coast, and quite rare in the Rocky Mountain States.

The most distinguishing characteristic of the style is the mansard roof, which is almost always heavily pierced with dormer windows featuring very elaborate surrounds.  Colored tile patterns on the roof and iron crestings were also often incorporated.  The style took its inspiration from French architecture, which had come to feature mansard roofs (named after the French architect Francois Mansart) mostly as a dodge to get around the Paris building codes.  The codes limited buildings to a certain number of stories, but since the area directly under the roof was not considered to be a story, the mansard roof was a very effective way to expand the living space of a building and still remain within the law.

In America, it was only the look and the romance of the style which appealed to the Victorian upper crust, and they sometimes added corner quoins, belt courses, and other decoration to give the style even more of a Renaissance flavor.  Very elaborate Second Empire mansions are sometimes referred to as "Renaissance Revival", in fact.

The next major Victorian house style was the Queen Anne, which so utterly dominated Victorian residential architecture from 1880 to 1910 that it is now virtually synonymous with the phrase "Victorian house" to much of the public.  The Queen Anne style at its most extreme is characterized by bewildering excess, featuring large projecting bay windows, towers, turrets, porches (often on multiple stories), balconies, stained glass decoration, roof finials and crestings, walls carvings and/or inset panels of stone or terra-cotta, cantilevered upper stories, acres of decorative trim, patterned shingles, belt courses, elaborate brackets, bannisters and spindles — even the chimneys on Queen Anne houses are spectacularly crafted, as the photo here shows.

The Queen Anne style is vaguely related to "Jacobean" architecture.  (Jacobean refers to English architecture during 1603 - 1625.) This style featured textured surfaces on buildings, including decorative patterns made of wood or stone, and various colors of shingles and slate.  The Queen Anne style started from this modest beginning and metamorphosed into the beautiful houses we admire today.  This style is more original (more "American", if you will) than the Gothic, Italianate, or Second Empire styles, because it is far more dynamic and pushed much further beyond its roots than did the other styles.  It is a mystery where the "Queen Anne" name comes from, because the architecture during the reign of the historic Queen Anne (1665 - 1714) has little in common with Jacobean architecture.

In addition to all the other decorative elements, the Victorians also painted their Queen Annes in a rainbow of colors.  The fashion at that time was fairly dark colors, along the lines of what we today would call "Earth tones" — sienna red, hunter green, burnt yellow, muddy brown, etc.  (The house shown here is beautifully painted in authentic Victorian colors; there is a larger photo of it in the Galena gallery.)

However, subsequent generations mostly reverted to the all-white paint scheme that had characterized houses before the Civil War, and thus it came as a shock — nearly an outrage to some — when the "Colorist" movement of the 1960's and 1970's set in, and a few people began painting their Victorian houses in rich colors again.  The movement spread, and today (at least in some parts of some cities) Victorian houses sporting three or four bright colors are once again the norm rather than the outrageous exception.  Relatively few modern homeowners try to duplicate original Victorian colors, partly for reasons of expense but mostly because bright colors are often preferred by modern eyes over the darker colors used by the Victorians.  A few purists tsk-tsk at this, but personally, I think the Victorians would approve.  If there was any generation which wanted to stay fashionably current, and would heartily endorse anybody's efforts to do exactly the same, it was surely the Victorians.

The Stick Style, popular from about 1860 to 1890, is sometimes considered to be a High Victorian elaboration of the Gothic Revival style, and/or is considered to be a transitional style between the Gothic Revival and the Queen Anne.  Whatever the classification, the style is sufficiently distinct to deserve separate mention.

The single most distinguishing feature of the style is small vertical, horizontal, or diagonal planks placed on top of the exterior walls.  The style is often associated with houses featuring enormous, overhanging, second-story porches, sometimes called "Swiss Chalet" houses.  Stick-Style houses which feature additional applied decoration, like that near the top of the house in the photo, are sometimes called Eastlake, after British furniture designer and arbiter of taste Charles Eastlake.  (Eastlake, by the way, had no interest in architecture, and when he discovered that those balmy colonists had named an entire style of hideously un-British house decoration after him, he issued a furious disclaimer disavowing any responsibility for it.)

The spectacular house shown here is the Parrott Camp Soucy House of Newnan, Georgia.  It was built in 1885 and was massively renovated in the early 1980's

Exotic houses enjoyed a certain popularity throughout most of the Victorian period.  There was always the occasional eccentric willing to build something that looked like an Arabian palace or an Egyptian temple.  This impulse sprang from more-or-less the same romanticism that led more conventional Victorians to build houses patterned after Gothic cathedrals, or Italian villas, or French mansions — it was just a bit more idiosyncratic.

Octagonal houses, in particular, enjoyed a certain minor vogue in the 1850's, almost solely through the efforts of one man.  Orson Fowler published a book, "The Octagon House:  A Home For All", in which he claimed that the eight-sided house could provide more sunlight and more ventilation between rooms, promoted easy traffic flow, and made more efficient use of interior space for a given amount of building material.  There are only a few hundred octagon houses left standing, mostly in New York, New England, and the West Coast.  The splendid example pictured here is located in Irvington, New York, and is featured on page 148 of Kenneth Naversen's photobook, "East Coast Victorians:  Castles & Cottages".  It was built in 1860 and substantially enlarged in 1872.  The house has been brilliantly restored by an architect who specializes in historic houses.

The Romanesque Revival style was very nearly the creation of one architect, Henry Hobson Richardson.  The style was built exclusively in stone and featured massive, often rustic-looking construction, along with heavy arches on the porches, doors, and windows, and a near-complete lack of applied decorative detail.  Richardson created (or at least popularized) the style shortly after the Civil War, and it enjoyed its greatest heyday in the 1880's, when other architects began to employ it as well.

Due to the immense expense of building in solid stone, the Romanesque Revival style was used far more often for public buildings than for private, and the bulk of the surviving examples are churches, university buildings, public libraries, etc.  However, it did enjoy a certain vogue among the extremely wealthy, and any number of surviving Victorian mansions are built in the style.  Most Romanesque Revival mansions share one thing with the Queen Anne houses that the middle class was building at about the same time:  they feature a romantic and complex floor plan complete with towers, turrets, many gables, and so on.

The last of the Victorian styles was the Shingle Style, built from about 1880 to 1900.  As the name indicates, the style is distinguished by the fact that the house is covered nearly 100% by shingles, sometimes including even the porch pillars.  The style also features little to no external decoration, roomy porches, and a complex roofline.

The style was originally created for the super-wealthy, who liked to build vast vacation "cottages" by the sea, but wanted them to look rustic rather than formal.  I am not certain if any of those original, vast Shingle Style houses exist or not, because the upkeep of such a huge wooden structure right beside the ocean is daunting — and who is going to bother, once the Victorian age is over? If anyone out there knows of a surviving 60-room-plus Shingle Style from the 1880's (not including hotels or other commercial buildings), I would be delighted to know about it.

The style eventually filtered down to the middle class, and many of the more modest structures they built are still standing.  The Shingle Style is considered to be a completely original American style, with no direct European antecedents.

The most common Victorian style is Folk Victorian.  The classic Victorian styles (Gothic Revival, Italianate, Second Empire, Stick Style, Romanesque Revival, and Shingle Style) were created by professional architects, and were built mostly by the well-to-do.  But the lower reaches of the middle class certainly shared the same Victorian urge to live in a fashionable house, and if they couldn't afford a professional architect, well.  They could design the house themselves, or have a local carpenter do it.  In either case, the design was likely to be an unprofessional but possibly still charming pastiche, including elements of styles that were still currently fashionable among the upper crust, and elements of styles that definitely were not.  Also, the house would naturally tend to be smaller and plainer than the what the wealthy could afford.

The result is Folk Victorian.  The house shown here (which is the Compass Rose Bed & Breakfast on Whidbey Island, Washington) is as typical as you could want, considering that Folk Victorians by definition are all over the map.  This house is sort-of Gothic Revival in terms of its roof line and the two symmetric wings, but the center tower is vaguely like an Italianate villa, and there are some applied decorations that remind one of the Stick Style.  One could call it Queen Anne, since the Queen Anne is also unpredictably ecclectic — but that is too simplistic.  The classic Queen Anne is very elaborate (compare this house with the two pictured in the Queen Anne section), and in terms of its complexity, this house is certainly closer in spirit to the Gothic or Stick styles than it is to the Queen Anne.  There are no bay windows, no balconies, no overhangs on the second floor, etc.

The exact division between Queen Anne and Folk Victorian is very fuzzy (especially considering how many of the smaller Queen Annes were hodge-podged together by local carpenters, rather than designed by architects).  But, Folk Victorians were being built long before the Queen Anne style appeared on the scene, and in any case, it is still useful to make a rough distinction between the more expensive, very elaborate, architect-designed Victorians (Queen Anne) and their less-expensive, plainer, carpenter-designed cousins (Folk Victorian).

There is some debate as to whether another style of the 1890's, Colonial Revival, is a true Victorian style, or the style which marks the end of the Victorian era.  Whatever the case, Colonial Revivalism was certainly a reaction against the extremely elaborate houses which had come to symbolize the High Victorian period.  Colonial Revival houses looked back to the Federalist period for inspiration, and are characterized by simpler, more symmetric lines and much less gingerbread than most other 19th-century houses.  The style had much in common with the Shingle Style, which began to appear at roughly the same time.  Colonial Revivalism eventually evolved into the Four-Square and bungalow designs of the early 20th century.  The interiors of Colonial Revival houses (especially those built before the turn of the century) are often very traditionally late Victorian, however.

Copyright 1998 by David Taylor.  The 1st, 2nd, 4th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th photos on this page (counting from the top) are from the Corel CD-ROM, "Victorian Houses".

no fairfield record books until 1648

that about the first settling of the town ol Fairfield, Thomas Staples, Thomas Newton, Edward Jessop & Edmund Strickland, having home-lots in ye rear of ye lots that Mr. Ludlow's lot lay in, ye said four above sd. persons, agreed that ye sd. Thomas Staples should take his lot at ye rear of all y« four lots, & cut all those lots so much ye shorter, which according to ye first laying out there, was as long as Mr. Ludlow's lot, but giving ye said Thomas Staples some allowance in measure, he had his lot taken out of ye rear of all their lots, & upon ye sd. Thomas Staples remove at ye rear of y* lots: ye sd. Thomas Newton, Edward Jessop & Edmund Strickland did engage to ye sd. Thomas Staples to make & maintain forever ye reare fence for their respective lots that butted upon ye sd. Thomas Staples lot, & further this deponent saith not. This is a true copy of Taken upon oath before

ye original recorded & me this 28. Nov. 1672.

Ludlowe, Frost Burr and Newrown were the original squares laid out

The heavy taxes at this time laid upon the plantations of Massachusetts, had become burdensome to many, and especially to the planters of Concord, who, to their great disappointment, "found the soil of that town very barren & the meadows wet & useless." In 1643 they petitioned the General Court to abate their taxes on this account. Another difficulty had also arisen in regard to their inability to support two ministers. Some refused to bear their proportion of the public charge, some removed to older or newer settlements, and others returned to England, so that the town rapidly decreased in numbers.

In the summer of 1644 the Rev. John Jones, with about one-seventh or one-eighth of the planters of Concord and their families removed to Fairfield. The list of those who came, so far as it can be gathered from authentic sources is as follows.

Rev. John Jones. Joseph Middlebrook.*

Thomas Bulkley. John Thompkins.

Daniel Bulkley. Ephraim Wheeler.

Thomas Jones. Thomas Wheeler, jr.

William Bateman. James Bennet.

William Odell. Richard Letten.

John Evarts. Benjamin Turney.

Peter Johnson. George Square.

Thomas Wheeler, sr., according to the Wheeler journal, had joined the plantation in 1640, and was, as has already been stated, the first settler at Black Rock.f Ephraim Wheeler, Thomas Wheeler, sr., Thomas Wheeler, jr., William Odell, John Evarts, Joseph Middlebrook, James Bennet, Peter Johnson and Benjamin Turney afterwards settled at Pequonnock. There is ground for believing that some of this company first settled at Black- rock and very soon after went^ to Pequonnock. The others remained at Fairfield. Several joined the settlement this year from other towns, among whom were William Hill, sr., his son William Hill, jr., Richard Westcoat, John Green, Charles Taintor, Samuel Gregoiy, James Beers, Jehu and John Burr, with their kinsman John Cable. Besides these there are others, of which mention will be made hereafter. The Rev. John

Jones was granted about seven acres of land*in the rear of the Meetinghouse green, six acres of which was afterwards called his orchard.* His dwelling-house, which probably had been built before his coming, stood back of Edward's pond, with mere-stones between it and the green, running from the north-west corner of his land straight to Jehu Burr's home- lot. Thomas and Daniel Bulkley were granted home-lots in the Newton square, on the north-east side of the green, adjoining the parsonage land. The street running to the Sound between this square and the green was given the name of Concord street. Thomas Jones was granted the corner home-lot south-east of the Bulkleys ; and William Hill, sr., a home-lot north-east of the Newton square, on Dorchester street, bounded northwest by the land of Peter Johnson and Robert Turney; south-east by his son William Hill, jr., and south-west by a highway running to the beach. He afterwards purchased of Alexander Briant, of Milford, the north-east corner lot of the Newton square, upon which he lived at the time of his death, which occurred before 1650, at which time this place is called that of his widow Sarah Hill. George Hull's home-lot lay north-west of William Hill's ; William Batcman's on the same side of the square, between George Squire's and a lot for many years after called Lewis' lot.f John Thomp- kins' home-lot lay west of the pond afterwards called Hide's pond.


Two colony fairs were annually allowed to be held at Hartford, on the second Wednesdays in May and September.

The names of Jehu Burr and Thomas Sherwood appear on the list of deputies from Fairfield sent to attend the meeting of the General Court, on the nth of September, at which time Ludlow accompanied them as one of the magistrates of the court. about 1644

The two parties chosen to join this enterprise were Daniel Frost, of Fairfield, and Francis Andrews, of Hartford. This land, which was purchased from the Maxumux Indians, stretched from a white oak tree near Frost point, one English mile along the sea coast towards Compaw, and six or seven miles inland. The Maxumux Indians lived on an elevated bank east of this strip of land overlooking a grand expanse of water, Long Island in the distance, and a charming view of meadows and fine rolling hills on the west, north and north-west. A few years after they removed from their sea-side planting field to Clapboard hill, which was set apart as a. reservation for them.

Each of these five farmers were granted ten-acre home-lots. Daniel Frost's home-lot lay on the point, and was " bounded on the north & west with the highway, on the east with the land of the Old Indian field ; & on the south with the sea beach." Henry Gray's home-lot was next west of Daniel Frost's. Thomas Newton's lay west of Henry Gray's. John Green's and Francis Andrew's lay west of Thomas Newton's. The name of Maxumux gave place to that of Bankside, and the planters were for several years called " The Five Bankside Farmers" and " The West Farmers." John Green became so prosperous a land-holder, that the name of Green's Farms was applied to the vicinity west and north-west of Bankside as early as 1699.* Near the west limits of this purchase, was an island of about one hundred acres, first named Farmer's island, and the Great island, then Fox island, and in time, falling into the possession of the Sherwood family, it came to be called Sherwood's island. West of this island lay another of about ten acres which has always been known as the little island. East of Sherwood's island, standing well out in the Sound, was still another small island, which has entirely been washed away by the action of the waves and storms of more than two centuries.t At the sitting of the General Court in May, Ludlow offered a motion that Moses Wheeler should be made a ferryman across the Housatonic at Stratford, which was also referred to the next court at Fairfield, " both in behalf of the country & the town of Stratford." \

On the 2d of February Henry Jackson was given liberty from the town to erect a grist mill on Uncoway creek.§ A severe law was enacted to

* Letter A of Town Deeds, p. 262.

\ Testimony of Captain Franklin Sherwood of Sherwood's island, and Captain Ephraim Burr of Fairfield.

JCol. Rec. Conn., 163.

§ B, Town Votes, 1648. This will appear to have been erected near the mouth of the stream, or creek, which empties into the west side of the Uncoway river near Black-rock bridge. The

hill which rises' on the north-west of this stream has always been called the " Old Mill-hill," or the "Old Mill-lot." From the mill the river was forded towards Pequonnock, until within the early part of the nineteenth century, when the Black-rock bridge was built.—Testimony of Mr. Stephen Morehouse.

* Trumbull's Hist. Conn., p. 18i.

On the 18th of September Ludlow was appointed by the General Court of Connecticut to prepare the soldiers of Fairfield and Stratford with provisions and all other necessaries for the design upon the Stamford Indians. George Hull, of Fairfield, and William Beardsley, of Stratford, were chosen to assist him. This movement so alarmed and intimidated the Stamford Indians, that they proved peaceable ever afterwards; but it does not appear that the murderers were given up to justice. possibly 1647

The movement of the Bankside farmers resulted in the sale of their home-lots in Fairfield. This is recorded on the thirteenth page of Letter A of Town Deeds, where we learn that John Banks, who had previously lived east of Hide's pond, and sold his house and home-lot to Humphrey Hide, on the I2th of May, 1650, purchased Daniel Frost's house and home- lot, consisting of three and three-fourths acres. On the 4th of March, 1650, Simon Hoyt, of Stamford, who had been granted a home lot west of Hide's Pond, between John Thompson's and George Goodwin's, purchased John Green's house and home-lot. The sale of Thomas Newton's, on the Ludlow and Nevvton squares, are not recorded until 1653, at which time


they were sold by Alexander Bryan, a lawyer and real estate agent, of Milford. The same year the one on the Ludlow square was purchased of Bryan by Andrew Ward (who had previously purchased John Thompson's home-lot, west of Hide's Pond), while his place on the Newton square was occupied by Nathan Gold, who removed from Milford in 1649, and first occupied John Foster's lot in the Frost square. Gold's purchase of this place was not recorded until the 5th of December 1653, he having previously sold it to Thomas Sherwood. Soon after purchasingThomas Newton's lot, Nathan Gold purchased the lot next above it first granted to Richard Perry in 1649, and he sold the Newton lot to Dr. Thomas Pell. Henry Gray left the Frost homestead, the use of which, by William Frost's will, was given to him and his wife during their lives, and entailed to their son, Jacob Gray, and he also became one of the Bankside farmers.

The house and home-lot of John Gray, who appears to have settled at Newtown, Long Island, was purchased by Bryan and sold on the 18th of March, 1649, to Henry Rowland. Richard Westcoat, who had owned the house and home-lot between John Gray's and John Nichol's, died soon after he settled at Fairfield. His widow married Nathaniel Baldwin, of

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Milford. Baldwin removed to Fairficld, and by virtue of this marriage occupied the dwelling and lands of Westcoat. The widow of William Hill, sr., whose husband had first been granted a home-lot on the northeast side of Dorchester street, is recorded in 1649 as living on the northwest corner of Newton square.* It was not an unusual thing for the planters to receive grants of home-lots, and also hold others purchased or exchanged.

The Purdy lot was sold to Moses Dimond May 2, 1670, at which time John Purdy, son of Francis Purdy, deceased, lived at Enstchester. The Frost lot was owned by Jacob Gray until 1886, when it was purchased by the Rev. Samuel Wakeman for his son Samuel, and deeded to him the 6th of November of that year.

Henry Whelpley sold his lot to Alexander Bryan, who resold it to Alexander Knowles I7th January, 1653. February 9, 1653, Dr. Thomas Pell purchased Nathan Gold's house and home-lot next the parsonage land. December 8, 1653, Nathan Gold purchased Richard Perry's home-lot, whfch was afterwards sold to Dr. William Ward. The Lewis lot was granted by the town to William Hill, sr., February 13, 1670. Jehu Burr, jr.'s, land is not recorded unlil 1670. After his father's death he purchased of his brother, John Burr, the home-lot on the west, next to Obediah Gilbert's, and John Burr purchased the Pinkney lot

* The author wns under the impression that the Probate and Town Records of Fairfield, as many writers have hitherto stated, were carried away by Roger Ludlow, and destroyed when General Tryon sacked and burned the town in 1779. Both these statements are without foundation. The vaults of the town-house contain many volumes and files of rich historic lore, dating from 1648 to the present time.

opposite John Gray's. The Hoyt lot was sold to Andrew Ward, then to Edward Adams, next to William Hayden, and in 1666 to Francis Bradly.

The Pequonnock plat represents occupants, as follows. January 21, 1649, Ephraim Wheeler granted from the town one home-lot, consisting of three acres, more or less, bounded north-west with the high-way, north-east with land of Thomas Wheeler, jr., south-east with the land of James Bennet, and south-west with the highway. In January, 1649, James Bennet granted from the town a home-lot, consisting of 2} acres, more or less, bounded north-west with the land of Ephraim Wheeler, north-east with the land of Thomas Wheeler, jr., south-east with the land of Thomas Wheeler, sr. In January, 1649, Thomas Wheeler, jr., granted from the town one home-lot, 24 acres, more or less, bounded north-east with Thomas Wheeler, jr., north-west with the land of James Bennet, south-east with the land of John Evarts, and south-west with the highway. January 8, 1649, Joseph Middlebrook granted from the town one home-lot, consisting of 2.J acres, more or less, bounded north-west with the land of John Evarts, north-east with Benjamin Turney and George Starkey, south-east with Peter Johnson, and south-west with the highway. December 3, 1653. Formerly granted to Richard Roots one home-lot, 2J acres, bounded south-west with Henry Jackson, south-east with Robert Turney, northeast with William Odell, north-west with the highway.

Richard Roots died before 1653. Michael Fry married his widow, and settled upon his home-lot. Henry Jackson purchased Thomas Wheeler, jr.'s, home-lot, who at or before 1653 had built a house at Greenlea. George Starkey was probably the same person who died in London in September, 1665, where he practiced medicine during the terrible plague which prevailed in that city.

Among the other early Pequonnock settlers was Samuel Gregory, who lived near the foot of Golden-hill, near the street which crosses the hill to Stratford. A few rods east of the military park were some three acres of peat swamp land, which was used as fuel. A stone quarry lay but a few rods north-cast of this peat land; and about a mile to the north was still another quarry. West of the military green was the first burial ground of Pequonnock; but it does not appear that it was used for this purpose until some years after the settlement, when by a vote of the town the Pequonnock planters were granted a burial place. In addition to the above mentioned names the following list gives the heads of other families living in Fairfield between 1639 and 1650:

John Cable. George Hull. John Tompkins.

John Chapman. Cornelius Hull: John Thompson.

James Beers. Stephen Hedge. Charles Tainter.

Widow Rachel Brundish. Timothy Hoard. Mrs. Jane Stalion (Sterling).

Thomas Demond, or Dimond.Richard Knowles. Thomas Sherwington.

Thomas Dickerson. Richard Lyon. Robert Wolly.

Thomas Dunn. Robert Lockwood. Antony Wilson.

Samuel Drake. Thomas Mayocke. John Whillock.

George Goodwin. Nehemiah Olmstead.

There were probably others, but those only have been given which could be obtained with certainty. The list of land-holders between 1650 and 1700 who did not share in the land dividends of the town, were as follows :

Thomas Disborow.

John Down.

Moses Demont, or Dimond.

Jonathan Fanton.

Luke Guire, or Weire.

Christopher Godfree.

Philip Galpin.

William Hayden.

John Herdman.

Samuel Allin.
Gideon Allen.
John Allyn.
Thomas Baxter.
Robert Bisbum.
Thomas Bedient.
John Beardsley.
Thomas Barnum.
Richard Burgis.

Joseph Bastard, or Barstow. Thomas Hurlburt.

John Crow.
William Cross.
Robert Churchill.
Henry Castle.
John Crump.
John Campbell.
Henry Crane.
John Edwards.
John Eggleston.
Albert Dennie.
John Davis.
Elias Doughty.

Esborn Wakeman.
Elnathan Handford.
Joseph James.
Samuel Judson.
Henry Lyon.
Walter Lancaster.
Robert Lord.
Lewis Phillips.
John Mills.
Thomas Merwin.
Peter Mayoke.
John Mahew.

Dongal Mac Kensey.

Antony Nouguier.

Nehemiah Omstead.

John Plastead.

John Platt.

John Palmer.

Joseph Phippen.

Samuel Robinson.

John Read.

Elisha Risden.

John Uflbrd.

John Sorserer.

Samuel Summers.

Samuel Smedley.

Samuel Sherman.

John Thorp.

John Winters.

Thomas Williams.

Nathaniel White.

Richard Vowles, or Fowles.

Philip Vicars.

Thomas Yeow.

John Darling.

The soldiers engaged in the Pequot war of 1637 and 1638, who settled at Fairfield, were:

Roger Ludlow. William Hayden. Thomas Basset.

Dr. Thomas Pell. * Thomas Lyon. f John Wood.

James Eggleston. Samuel Gregory. Richard Osborn.

Nehemiah Omstead.

* Dr. Thomas Pell was the surgeon from the fort at Saybrook, who accompanied the first expedition against the Pequot forts on the Thames and the Mystic rivers. He afterwards purchased the estate at Westchester, which had belonged to the unfortunate Mrs. Anne Hutchinson, and which was named Pellham—ham signifying home or house. Thirty years later Jacob Leisler, acting Governor of New York, purchased New Rochelle of Dr. Pell. He was " formerly Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Charles I." He married the widow of Francis Brewster, of New Haven, before he settled at Fairfield. He is described as having been a rank royalist. His land at Fair- field was willed to his nephew, John Pell, of London, son of the Rev. Dr. John Pell of that city, who came to this country, and was, by a record in the Fairfield probate office, acknowledged a lawful heir ; but he does not appear to have settled in the town.—Mrs. Martha J. Lamb's Hist. New York, I., 17I. Savage's Genealogical Dictionary. Fairfield Probate Records.

f There were possibly others, but as there exists no regular list of the Pequot soldiers, it is difficult to obtain their names.

This did not give satisfaction to the Bankside planters, who had hoped to extend their claim to the Saugatuck river, which formed the east limit of Ludlow's purchase of the Norwalk Indians in 1640, and which he afterwards sold to the Norwalk planters. The Bankside farmers claimed that the lands east of the Saugatuck had no lawful owners. On the other hand the Norwalk planters used the same argument, and in the month of June, made an application to the General Court for the rights of a plantation, and were granted liberty to extend their boundaries to the west bounds of Fairfield. The provision made by the court, that the west limits of the Bankside lands should not extend more than two miles west of the Fairfield bounds, ran short of the Saugatuck river, leaving a valuable tract for the Norwalk planters to claim without delay; hence a bone of contention arose between the two plantations, which was not settled for several years. They believed themselves secure, however, in the lands they had cultivated, which included within their limits not only some of the richest farming lands in that region, but Frost point, Farmer's or Sherwood's island, Compo point, Turkey, Clapboard, Wakeman and Benjamin's hills, commanded some of the finest views on the Sound.

*Col. Rec. Conn., I., 207. \Col. Rec. Conn., I., 208.

Thomas Newton, who had given offense to the town authorities, in 1650 sold out his right in these lands, which in 1657 were purchased by Robert Beacham (or Beuchamp) of Norwalk. From time to time they were joined by a few other planters, among whom were Giles Smith, Simon Couch, Henry Plaistead, Joseph Lockwood, Robert Rumsie, Robert Meaker and Thomas Barnum. The Bankside farmers appear to have lived in a luxurious manner for those days. Some of them owned slaves, and with the cheap hire of Indian labor, they reaped large and valuable crops. The inventories of their estates exhibit an accumulation of handsome fortunes. In the month of November the General Court ordered that "as Fairfield had not rendered a just & perfect list of the estates of her inhabitants, according to the order of the Court, that the sd. town should pay twenty nobles as a fine for their neglect & contempt thereof; & that they should pay rate for the present year" according to the estates they had formerly given.

It is noticeable that this court was ordered to adjourn to the second lecture day in March next "after the sermon" which shows that a sermon was preached by some invited minister at the adjournment, and not, as in after years, at the opening of the court. At the assembling of the court of election in May, Ludlow was chosen one of the magistrates, and George Hull and Andrew Ward deputies. Ludlow was also chosen one of the commissioners of the united colonies.

The fine of John Banks, Edward Adams, Phillip Pinkney, John Hoit and George Godding or Goodwin of Fairfield, who had been fined twenty shillings apiece for assisting Thomas Newton in escaping from justice to the Dutch, was remitted; but Thomas Staples, who appears to have been the leading party in Newton's escape, did not fare as well, his fine of forty shillings being remitted to twenty shillings. The commissioners of Fairfield and Stratford, who had not previously been called upon to attend the yearly meeting of the commissioners of the river towns, were now ordere4 to meet annually with them at Hartford, two days before the sitting of the General Court in September, and bring with them a list of the persons and the estates of their towns, that they might be examined and perfected before being presented to the General Court. The fine of twenty nobles against Fairfield was remitted. Thomas Thornton " affirmed before the court, that it was reported there had been a hundred beavers killed in Fairfield within the past year." It was about this time that the communities of Stratford, Fairfield and the neighboring towns were seized with the mania of witchcraft. They were thrown into an alarming state of excitement when the General Court ordered Governor John Haynes, deputy-governor Edward Hopkins, and John Collick to go soon to Stratford to attend the trial of one Goody Basset, who had been accused of being a witch.

*New Haven Col. Rec., 2, 48-57. Basset owned a home-lot in Fairfield in 1653. Baxter tlso pretended to live in Fairfield in 1654. His wife Bridget was divorced from him by an order of the General Court of Connecticut in 1662. John Chapman had lived in the New Haven colony, was in Fairfield in 1647, and soon after removed to Stamford.

f Col. Rec. Conn., I, 253.

Soon after, the 26th of April, Ludlow took leave of his friends in Connecticut, and sailed for Virginia. It must have been with a keen pang of sorrow that he bade adieu to Fairfield, which he had watched with the pride of a father in its growth out of a wilderness into a beautiful town. Had he remained in Connecticut his talents would undoubtedly have won for him a higher position than he had previously occupied. But his work in New England had been accomplished. It was a noble work, which more than two centuries after he left the country, stands out as a colossal monument to his genius and to his memory. His dwelling, home-lot and pasture lot were left with William Hill for sale, and were purchased by Nathan Gold on the i8th May, 1654.

* Record of Roger Ludlow's grant of home-lot, etc., from the Town, 4 Feb., 1653. A, Town Deeds, p. 86.—Sale to Alexander Bryant, 10 May, 1654. A, Town Deeds, p. 57.—Sale to Nathan Gold, I., II May, 1654. A, Town Deeds, p. 52.—Willed to Nathan Gold, II., March I, 1693, Prob. Rec., Vol. 1689-170I.—Willed to Nathan Gold, III., April 29, 1724, Prob. Rec., Vol. 1716- 1735.—Willed to grandson Jabez Hubbell, legal representative of Martha Gold Hubbell, Sept. 28, 1761, Prob. Rec., Vol. 1754-1764.—Willed by Jabez Hubbell to his son James and his wife Roda, Jan. 3, 1798, Prob. Rec., Vol. 1799-1818. Jabez Hubbell died in 1817. His son James died at Hartford, 1810. The heirs of Jabez Hubbell and Roda, his wife, namely, Emily Bulkley, David Mallory, Jabez A. West, Hannah West, Caroline Gilbert, Simon H. Mallory, George, Elizabeth, and Jeremiah Mallory, on the 2 April, 1835, had this homestead distributed to them. Prob. Rec,, Vol. 1827-1835, p. 695.—The Hubbell heirs sold it to Obediah Jones in 1835. Town Deeds, Vol. 44, pages 546, 458, 700, 297, etc.—O. W. Jones sold it to John Thompson, Town Records, Vol. 47. John Thompson re-sold it to O. W. Jones, 22 Feb., 1850. Vol. 48, p. 512.—O. W. Jones deeded it to Sarah J. Haines, March, 185I. Town Deeds, Vol. 49.—Charles N. Butt and Sarah J. Butt, J. H. Knox and Augusta Knox, the heirs of Sarah J. Haines, deeded it to Elizabeth A. Talbot, May 7, 1853. Town Deeds, Vol. 50, pp. 724-725.—George A. Talbot and the heirs of Elizabeth A. Talbot deeded it to Oliver O. Jennings, 29 April, 1880, Vol. 61, pp. 729, 730,

Michael Try and John Wheeler were elected deputies from Fairfield, and Nehemiah Olmstead and Robert Lockwood were made sergeants of the town militia

Goodman Graves and Goodman Fairchild were appointed leather sealers for Fairfield.

Robert Beachem (Beuchamp), formerly of Norwalk, was given liberty to settle at Banksidc. Alexander Knowles, of Fairfield, was nominated to be made a magistrate of the General Court. At the May election Alexander Knowles was made an assistant of the General Court. John Wheeler and Cornelius Hull were cfIosen deputies. All sea-faring men were for the future freed from training.

It was also ordered that if the Pequonnock Indians should at any time relinquish or desert Gold-hill, the land should return to the Stratford plantation, which should pay back to Fairfield one-half of the sum they had received for the said land. Mathew Camfield, Mr. Fitch, Richard Olm- stead and Nathaniel Ely, of Norwalk, were appointed a committee to bound out eighty acres at Gold-hill," beginning at the foot of ye hill where ye wigwams stood, & so to run upward on the hill, & within Fairfield bounds as above mentioned, & to return what they did in the matter to the next General Court."

The third decade in the history of Fairfield opens with events of considerable importance to the town

At the same town meeting, Henry Jackson, George Squire, and John Wheeler were appointed to lay out the lands on the east side of the Uncoa creek ; and Jehu Burr and Cornelius Hull were " to lay out the common highways in the great field & meadow on the west side of the Uncoa creek." It has already been mentioned that the planters living on either side of the centre of Fairfield, were called the east and west farmers. At a town meeting, held on the 2oth of January, it was voted that three hundred and twenty acres of land should be laid out in proportion as follows: "To a master of a family half an acre; to a wife a quarter of an acre, to a child a quarter of an acre, & to every hundred pounds estate two acres, & so proportionally either more or less.." Jehu Burr, Thomas Staples, John Banks and William Ward, were appointed a committee to lay out the large fields at both ends of the town, and each family's proportion of land. Every head of a family was ordered to carry in to the town recorder, the number of his children and their ages within a week, under a penalty of forfeiting the land due to such children. At a town meeting, held on the loth of February, Lieutenant Nathan Gold, William Hill, Jehu Burr, Alexander Knowles, John Burr, William Ward and John Banks, were chosen townsmen for the year. Nathaniel Seeley was chosen town marshal, and William Hill recorder. John Banks and Cornelius Hull were appointed to measure each man's dividend of land at the further end of Sasco neck, both upland and meadow, " & if land enough was found, to lay out a high way there." They were given power to exchange lands among the planters, and to make a report of the common or undivided lands within the township. " Eight acres was confirmed to James Beers, that the Indians gave him in Sasco field or Southport."

At a town meeting, held on the loth of February, it was voted : " Whereas the inhabitants of the town have this day drawn lots for a dividend, ye lots to begin on land next to Daniel Frost's farm in Sasco field; & so to run from his land eastward, until ye land already surveyed at Sasco be laid out. And from thence to ye land surveyed at the place called Mr. Gold's meadow; & from thence to yc land surveyed at Old Pequon- nock." If any planter did not like his dividend in the two last places, he was at liberty to throw it up and take another place, " provided he did not take land nearer to the meeting-house than where his dividend fell." It was voted that these lands should be given up at the end of eight instead of ten years, after " sowing them with hay seed." Jehu Burr and John Banks were appointed to lay out each man's proportion of land. Nathaniel Seeley and Sergeant George Squire were appointed to lay out the east field, and Joshua and John Knowles the west field. On the I2th of February, the townsmen voted that ten acres of upland, which the town had exchanged with Lieutenant Nathan Gold, and six acres of hassock or salt meadow, should be laid out to belong to the town mill, for the use of the miller. This upland is the hill on the south-east side of the present Black Rock bridge, called the Old Mill-hill. It was voted that the town should employ a man to farm the land, and to nm the mill, who was allowed the sixteenth part of the grist, which was usually called the toll.

At a freemen's meeting, held the last Tuesday in April " at Fairfield, Robert Silliman, Jr., James Burrs, Samuel Bradley, Jr., Thomas Harvey, Ebenezer Lyon, & Eliphalet Hill were made freemen, & took the freeman's oath."


The Bank-side farmers were not at all pleased with what they considered to be an unwarrantable liberty on the part of the town of Fairfield, in obtaining this grant from the General Court, as well as taking a formal purchase of the Indians, of whom they had previously purchased their lands. A contention arose between them and the town, which was not fully settled for nearly fifty years.

In order that particular attention should be paid towards educating the children of the town, the following vote was passed : " Whereas the town hath formerly voted that the school master shall have ten pounds towards his wages out of the town rate, it is now ordered the fifty pounds that remains of his wages, shall be paid by the masters & parents of such children as need teaching, from six years old & upwards. And if any shall send their children under six y/;ars, or girls, they shall be esteemed payable scholars. Sergeant Squire & Robert Turney are appointed to go to each family in the town, & make trial what scholars are to be payable scholars to the school, & bring in a list of the names to the secretary, that there may be a rate made to pay the schoolmaster." This appears to have been the first and only school in the town, and was without doubt kept in the building used as a school and town house. The Rev. John Jones was probably the first school teacher, and Rev. Samuel Wakeman, who followed him, appears to have been a school teacher before he became a minister.

On the 6th of January, John Cable and John Banks were granted " all the waste meadow in the south-west-end, & in Sasco neck, which lay above a dam that it was proposed should be made, to prevent the tide from overflowing the meadows." This dam was to be made over Pine-creek, with a sluice to draw out the fresh water above it. Any planter who wished to join in the enterprise, provided he performed an equal share in draining the creek and building the dam, was to share in the distribution of the salt meadows. If the dam should prove insufficient for the purpose, or be allowed to go to decay, the lands were to revert to the town. At a General Court, held on March 13th, fifteen shillings was allowed for every wolf killed within the limits of a town. Leather sealers were allowed iSs. for every dicker of scaled leather, iSd. half a dicker, and 4<£ a single hide. At the May election Lieutenant Nathan Gold \\:is chosen an assistant in the General Court, and Cornelius Hull and Samuel Drake deputies. The first act of the court was to remove the export duty on corn.

*Col. Rec. Conn., I., 365, 366.

Owing to vessels bringing tobacco into the harbors of the colony, without paying the lawful custom, under a pretense of waiting for the proclamation of King Charles to his subjects in the colony, specially in regard to the transportation of tobacco to England and other countries, "a custom of 2$s. pr. hogshead or 2d. per pound was laid upon all merchants or masters of vessels " disposing of the weed. Instead of cavalry forces meeting in one body to drill, they were now allowed to be exercised with the militia under the calvary officers of the towns, unless some superior officer was present; but on general training days, "they were to unite as one entire body of horse." Owing to too much tanned leather being carried out of the colony, it was ordered that none should be exported without an order from the court of magistrates, under a penalty of forfeiting the hides. Liberty was granted the town of Huntington. Long Island, which was admitted to the jurisdiction of Connecticut in May, 1660, to appeal in civil actions to the particular courts of Fairfield or Stratford.*

At a town meeting held in Fairfield, June 19, Richard Ogden was refused an application for a grant of four acres of land, for the use of the mill on Mill river. It was voted that the mill-dam and trench should be finished without delay. John Banks and William Ward were appointed to oversee the work, and if needed to cause a new dam and trench to be made. Thomas Sherwood, being the miller of the new mill on Mill river, was allowed the toll of the grist until Ogden's mill was done, provided he kept the " running gear in order." Ogden's mill was completed in October, and the committee were authorized to pay him what had been agreed upon, and to deliver up the mill to his care. A tax was levied upon the inhabitants of the town to pay for its erection ; and John Cable, Obediah Gilbert, and Samuel Drake were appointed to lay out the land the town had agreed to give Ogden adjoining the mill.

John Green. Richard Harvey, Joseph Mead, Richard Webb, Joseph Weed and Peter Ferris, from the towns below Norwalk, were accepted freemen of the colony,

John Banks and Henry Jackson were appointed to run the town bounds between Stratford and Norwalk. Ezekiel Sandford was " granted the use of ten acres of land at Uncoway neck, to erect a tan-yard upon for three years."

Jehu Burr, Robert Turney, John Knowles, Joseph Lockwood, Robert Beacham, Simon Crouch, John Barlow, sr., John Barlow, jr., James Evarts, Peter Coly, Thomas Sherwood, William Hayden, John Gruman, Francis Bradley, John Hoit, Stephen Sherwood, Nathaniel Burr, Richard Lyon, Samuel Wakeman, Thomas Bennet, Thomas Wilson, James Beers, John Odell, Richard Hubbell, all of Fairfield, were accepted this year as freemen ; and Lieutenant Gold and Assistant Samuel Sherman, of Stratford, were appointed to administer the freeman's oath to them. Two pence farthing to the pound was levied upon all the towns to defray the colony expenses.

The Bankside farmers had asserted their independence, and in defiance of the efforts of the townsmen to include them within their limits, they assumed their rights on the strength of their first purchase of the Maxu- mux lands of the Indians. They had fenced» in a large meadow north of Sherwood's island and Gallop's gap, called the horse pasture. A herdsman was always on watch to care for both horses, cattle and sheep. There was still another meadow called Plaistead's meadow, which came to be disputed between the farmers and the town, afterwards called the Gained meadow. Cornelius Hull was appointed an agent and attorney for money due the town from the planters for grass-seed, which had been sold them by Mr. Burr, for sowing the common meadows.

Nathaniel Seeley purchased this year of an Indian named Crocecrow, a large track of land lying between the Saugatuck and Aspctuck rivers.*

The town of Fairfield was recommended to settle upon the Bankside farmers and their heirs, by a firm record, the lands which they had improved.

The General Assembly granted Major Gold three hundred acres of land for a farm, forty acres of which was to be meadow land, if as much could be found, provided it did not interfere with any previous grant, or be injurious to any plantation.

In 1667 the demand for a general synod of ministers resulted in the General Court changing the name of synod to that of An Assembly of the Ministers. This was done to pacify those ministers, who objected to such a council being called a synod. On the 16th of May following, the General Court ordered that the Reverends James Fitch, Gershom Bulkley, Joseph Eliot, and Samuel Wakeman should meet at Saybrook or Norwich, and consider some way whereby the religious questions in dispute should be settled.

Samuel Smith was given liberty to settle in the town, until the 29th of September next, when he was to "depart the town or submit to law." Samuel Davis and his heirs were bound in the sum of five pounds, to depart the town by Michaelmas next. John Camp was bound in the same way. Jonathan Miles was bound in the sum of twenty pounds, unless he had further permission to remain.

On the 28th of April the town voted that Jehu Burr, John Wheeler and William Hill, should survey the land between Mill river and the Maxumux farmers. Also a highway was ordered to be laid out between the meadows of John Green and John Burr on Mill river, and Samuel Ward's and the commons. Thomas Staples and John Green were to agree with them for a highway over the river. On the ist of February, the salt marsh at the Horse-tavern, below the path and pond and swamp that lies in Sasco field, was granted for the encouragement of a school.f John Thorp, who was ordered in 1667 to leave the town without delay, was at this meeting admitted as an inhabitant, and granted the use of two acres of land to to improve for seven years. A vote to leave the town did not necessarily imply a want of good character, but it was done to give time to ascertain whether strangers who appeared among them, were worthy to be made members of the community. The townsmen expressed their disapproval of the suit brought by Simon Couch and John Andrews, as heirs of Francis Andrews, in claiming their rights in his Bankside land, by voting that "they should not be accepted as inhabitants of the town." The right, however, of this injustice prevailed in the course of time.*

Henry Jackson, Lieutenant John Squire, Cornelius Hull, John Wheeler and John Burr, were appointed a committee, to lay out the dividend of land at Grcenlea, between the highway and commons and their property, f At the May election Major Gold was elected an assistant of the General Assembly, William Hill and Jehu Burr deputies and commissioners for Fairfield.J John Barlow, John Sturge (Sturgis), John Hide, Dan". Burr, Wm. Ward, Andr. Ward, Sam1. Ward, John Bulkley, Thomas Jones, James Bennet, Ezekicl Sanford, Richard Ogden, John Cable, jr., Benjamin Tur- ney, Thomas Oliver and Dan1. Lockwood, were propounded to be made freemen from Fairfield.


Thirty years having passed since Roger Ludlow and his associates settled Uncoway, we now find Fairfield the shire-town of the county. It was large and flourishing, and in point of influence second to no other town in the colony. It was represented in the General Assembly and the court of commissioners, by men who had been educated at Harvard. Every spring and fall its inns and private residences were crowded with the ablest men in the country, drawn hither to attend the county courts. Judges and commissioners from Long Island, and all classes of people from the towns under the jurisdiction of Connecticut, from Milford to Westchester, Rye and Long Island made their way here to seek redress for wrongs, to contend for their chartered liberties, or to take the oath of allegiance to the king and be made freemen. Stage-coaches had not yet become one of the luxuries of New England travel; and steam engines and cars had not entered the wildest imagination. Vessels bringing the attendants of the court across from Long Island, anchored in Black Rock harbor, the seaport of Fairfield.

The first dwellings of our New England ancestors were built of logs, and were nothing more than log-cabins. Plastered walls were not common, and even among the rich, hangings were used to keep out the cold. The poorer classes had floors of clay, and holes in the roofs instead of chimneys, for the escape of smoke. Oiled paper served for window-glass. The few who possessed glass windows, protected them with great care. Stone houses were occasionally built in a very rude and primitive manner. As the settlements increased,'and saw-mills were erected, frame houses appeared, of which some relics are still to be seen at Fairfield. The frames of these houses were of oak timbers, from twelve to eighteen inches in diameter. The rafters were but a little smaller, across which " ribs " were laid at regular distances. Over these, shingles of cedar were fastened with large wrought-iron nails. Oak clapboards, smoothed with a shaving-knife, and lapping over each other, covered the sides of the building. Oaken planks covered the floors. The rooms on the first floor were not more than seven feet in height, and about six and a half on the second floor. The beams, with the planks of the second floor, formed the ceilings of the first story. Panes of diamond shape, set in two leaden frames fastened to the sides of the house, and opening from the centre outward, were the style of windows used. The outer doors were made of double oaken planks, fastened together with large iron nails or spikes, in the angles of diamonds. For a long time the outer doors were secured by heavy bars of wood, and afterwards with large iron hinges and latches. The latter were made fast with an oaken plug of wood, which hung in the day time from a string attached to the latch. When in use the latch was down. The expression " the latch is always up for you " was a frequent mode of welcome. At a later date enormous locks and keys, with brass or iron doorknockers came into use.

Besides the kitchen and bed-room adjoining it, there were but seldom more than two rooms on the first floor. In the course of time, among the rich, the fire-places in the best parlor and the sitting-room were bordered with earthen and China tiles, painted in various designs of birds, and mythological figures, or with men, women, and children, dressed in the fashions of those days. Highly polished andirons, and brass fenders were used in these fire-places. On the mantel-piece above, were silver, glass, or brass candlesticks, with dipped candles of home-make, and also small trays for the snuffers. Over the mantel was usually a closet in the bricks. The most wonderful part of one of these dwellings was the chimney, built in the centre of the house upon a stone foundation of twelve feet square. The fire-place in the kitchen extended across the full length of the chimney. The hearth consisted of one or more large flat stones, fitted into the floor, and extending well out into the room. From heavy iron sockets, fastened on the right side against the back of the chimney, swept a long iron crane. From this hung iron trammels, each with rows of holes one above the other, into which hooks were fitted, by means of which the pots and kettles used in cooking could be raised or lowered over the fire. On the right side, and opening into the chimney, was built a huge brick oven used for baking purposes. Near the front of the fire-place, on each side of the jambs, were seats of brick, on which a person could sit with ease, and on a cold winter's day with comfort. It was not an unusual thing in the early part of winter to see hams and pieces of bacon suspended from a long pole, fastened at a sufficient height up the chimney to smoke and yet not to cook them,*

Hubbell mansion at Greenfield hill.

Richard Ogden purchased the mill he had erected on Mill river from the town, February I5th. A fence was ordered to be made across the great meadow from Paul's neck to Pine creek, to close it in from the beach, at the expense of the town.

Richard Osborn, Isaac Hall, Isaac Wheeler, Samuel Treadwell, Samuel Hall, Joseph VVhelpley and Samuel Smith were nominated to be made freemen.


Major Gold, Jehu Burr, and John Burr, were granted liberty to purchase Wyantenuck and the lands adjacent for a plantation. Nathan Gold, Jehu Burr, and William Hill, of Fairfield, Thomas Fairchild, of Stratford, and Thomas Fitch, of Norwalk, were appointed a committee " for the well ordering of the same, & also to entertain the inhabitants." Any of the honest inhabitants of the colony were invited " to be entertained there till the place was filled." If the place was not planted in four years, it was to return to the town.f

*Col. Rec. Conn., II., 126, 127, 13I.

f This grant comprised the present township of New Milford, together with the adjoining townships on the south-west.—Col. Rec. Conn., II., 128.

Those who took the freeman's oath at this time were Rev. Eliphalet Jones, Josiah Harvey, Richard Lyon, John Andrews, Francis Bradley, John Tompkins, and Joseph Middlebrook.

Richard Osborn, Isaac Hall, Isaac Wheeler, Samuel Treadwell, Samuel Hall, Joseph Whelpley, and Samuel Smith were accepted as freemen of Fairfield.

Thomas Lyon was to receive his dividend in his own right from his tenant. Samuel Goodwin was to have his proportion as a master of a family. Daniel Finch was to have his dividend according to his tenant, Henry Castle's list of his estate. Phebe and Deborah Barlow, the sole surviving heirs of Thomas Barlow, were to receive their father's proportion from their tenant, Edward Wilson. Isaac Sherwood and Nathaniel Perry, were to receive theirs as masters of a family. Sarah Wilson, a daughter of Rev. John Jones, who was first a widow of Thomas Bulkley and at this time the widow of Antony Wilson, was to receive her proportion as a master of a family. Ezborn Wakeman, a cousin of the Rev. Samuel Wakeman, was granted a share in the dividend at the rate of £20 estate. Major Gold was voted two hundred and fifty acres to be added to his proportion. Stephen Sherwood in like manner was granted an addition of eighty acres. George Squire, jr., was granted a child's portion, according to his list of estate from his father.*

Inhabitants of ye Town by house-Row, they to Run as followeth. ye widow Wheeler to begin next to Stratford bounds, and So ye neighbours to take up Successively westward as y Lands lye, till you come to Rob' Turney's, he included : then to begin att Edward Adams, and So all those lying between, till you take Goodman Meacars and Goodman Jennings : then to begin att Hendricks and to Run to M1 Wakemans : then to begin att Mr Golds and Will01 Hills, and to Run up y' Street till it Issue wth Jn« Bulkly:

* B, Town Votes, pp. 30, 40.

then to begin wt h Couch and Andrus till farms have y' due next Norwalk bounds, and So to Run Eastward : then to begin att R. Ogdens, to begin his proportion of his building dividend where ye farms Ended, and he is to begin upon pastures over ye mill-River Southward. and So ye neighbours Successively, till you come to Mr. Harvie's, he included: then to begin wth Thos. Sherwington, and So up wt h y' Street on both sides of ye high way till you come to Barlow's children, they Included ; each Inhabitant to have y' proportions as this Land ordered to be divided, as the quantity y' of will allow. (1670)

Jn«- Banks, Serg'-Squire, Cor : Hull and Mr. Harvy are appointed to layout ye above- said building Lots and pastures, and to lay out w* high wayes they think necessary among ye Said Lots and pastures : also they are appointed to lay to every man his proportion of Lands on ye abovesaid Lands, lying on both Sides of ye mile Common: Every man to begin in his place next to ye half mile Common, and so to Run back to ye End of our bounds, necessary high wayes to be laid out.*

The highway which divided the half mile of common from the mile of common and the Long lots, began a little below Sherwood's grist mill, above Toilesome hill at Bridgeport, ran a little above the Stratfield Baptist church, crossed Mill river below Samp-mortar rocks, through the elm groves to the foot of Greenfield hill and the estates of Frederick Bronson Esq., and David Banks, through Hull's farms, past the old school-house; ran above the Adams' academy at Green's farms, to the blacksmith's shop -at Westport, and continued on to the old bridge, which crosses the Sauga- tuck river at Westport. The highway which ran below the half mile of common and the building and pasture lots, is at the present day, mostly in constant use, although some parts of it, like the above highway, has become overgrown with grass, shrubs, and vines. It began at the corner of Division avenue and the King's highway, at Bridgeport, ran to Jackson's, now Moody's mill, and through chair swamp, forked to the northwest from the King's highway at the Jew cemetery, ran over Holland hill, past General Silliman's estate, to the rear of Osborn's and Round hills, to Richard Ogden's mill, now Burr Perry's mill, at Mill plain ; there forded Mill river, ran past the estate of the late Abel Beers, over Mill hill, and the grass-grown road, a little north-west of the present turnpike at South- port, crossed the turnpike below Sasco mill-ponds, and the farms of Joel and Francis Buckley, wound from E. Mills' corner, ran over Turkey hill to the farms of William Jennings, T. B. and H. B. Wakeman's, crossed Muddy brook below the Green's Farms church, at Rev. Dr. Hezekiah Ripley's old homestead ; and continued south-west, crossing the New York and New Haven Railroad west.of Sherwood's island ; re-crossed the railroad, and wound to the road at Compo, which runs due north to Westport village. The King's highway began at the corner of Division street, and ran west of Mountain Grove cemetery and Moody's mill, and is now called the back road to Bridgeport; from the fork of the road at the Jew cemetery south-west to the estate of the late John Gould, of Fairfield, through the main street of Fairfield, and through Mill plain, where it ran to the highway which lay on the south of the half mile of commons, and the building and pasture lots to Westport.

The village of Greenfield was afterwards built upon the mile of common, the south-east corner of which is bounded by the road which crosses the main road at the foot of the long hill leading up to the meetinghouse. The half mile of common, which extended across the town, formed the division line between the building and pasture lots on the south-east and the Long lots above it. The Long lots commenced on the north-west of the half mile of common, and lay on the east and west sides of the mile of common, which extended to the north limits of the town.

The Rev. Samuel Wakeman was voted a share in the dividends, according to his proportion of ratable estate. In this dividend, parsonage land was ordered to be set off at the rate of two hundred pounds' estate, and school lands in the same manner. The liberality shown to the Rev. Samuel Wakeman exhibited the spirit of those days, and the high esteem and reverence paid to the minister of God. It was voted that hired servants should not be included as members of a family, thus preventing an over share of land, by increasing the number of heads of families. On the I5th of February the names of Hendrick Henrickson, Daniel Silliman and John

Applegate were added to the list of dividend sharers, according to their list of estates. Simon Couch and John Andrews, in right of their deceased father Francis Andrews, were voted to receive their dividends only as one master of a family, which lands should be equally divided between them. They were also ordered to divide a portion of land at a place called the Horse-pasture, then in controversy, among the five Bankside farmers.

Simon Couch, of Bankside, was so much aggrieved because the lands, which had been expressly stipulated in the agreement of 1666 should continue in the possession of the Bankside farmers, were included in the dividend lands, that he brought an action against the town for his rights in those lands from his father-in-law Francis Andrews.

Richard Osborn, of Fairfield, was granted " eighty acres of land for his good services in the Pequot war."

John Banks and seven others belonging to the neighboring plantations, were granted liberty to purchase lands of the Indians, provided such purchases were at the disposal of the General Assembly, upon the said gentlemen being duly remunerated.

voted to divide the lands at Compo neck among the inhabitants of the town who owned taxable estates. John Banks, Cornelius Hull, and Francis Bradley were chosen a committee to examine and make report of the quantity and quality of the lands at Compo.

On account of several persons having expressed dissatisfaction with their building dividends, it was voted January 3Ist, that such persons should return these dividends to the town, and in lieu of them they were granted the same proportion of lands in the rear of these dividends in the half mile of common, provided there should be laid out "a highway twenty rods broad," between the half mile of common and the Long-lots ; and eight score rods between them and the former building dividend. Sergeant John Banks, Sergeant Nathaniel Seeley, and Cornelius Hull were appointed a committee to lay out these lots, and also such highways between them as they deemed necessary.*

It was found, however, that even this change did not satisfy all. It was therefore voted, after those who " slipped or jumped their lots were first served, & the highways had been staked out, that others upon giving up their present building dividends should also receive shares in the Half Mile of Common." John Banks. Robert Rumsey, Daniel Lockwood, Jehu Burr, Nathaniel Burr, Obediah Gilbert and Thomas Morehouse, were the first who received the benefit of this last order.

Major Gold, John Burr and William Hill were appointed to settle the claims of Simon Couch and John Smith " to a lawful share in the land dividends, & to allow each, such a proportion of lands as they judged to be right," with the proviso, " that they were not to receive any more than they were entitled to according to their rateable estates." Those who lived on the east end of the town were to have lots set out to them

* B, Town Votes, p 45.

within the cast limits of the half mile common; and those on the west

side were to be served in the same way, allowing a twenty rod highway between them and the Long-lots, and a ten instead of an eight-rod highway between them and the building lots dividend. Sergeant Nathaniel Seeley, Cornelius Hull and John Wheeler, were appointed a committee to lay out these lots.

On the 28th of February the committee appointed to examine the lands at Compo neck made a report of "about 300 acres of good land, & 300 of worse land." It was immediately to be divided in two dividends, which were to run as follows:

" Ist At ye Island, ye Lots to begin there att ye South End, ye divisible land is 5 acres. 2nd ye pjne plane beginning at ye beach, yc first Lots to Run by ye beach and So onto ye high way y' runs to ye Island, and fronts upon an highway running along by yf pound.

3rd Tear fronting against yc Great high way y' runs from ye Sea-beach up to ye Rocks att ye little ponds, ye lots to run over ye hills to ye high way at ye hazekee meadow and over y» Swamp y' Runs to ye muddy Creek, and ye meer Swamp to be accounted measure, and also upon ye high way running from ye Swamp to Compo Creek's mouth : ye Lots to begin by yehigh way by yeSea, and So on northward till they come up to ye Rocks and ye great Swamp there is, an high way runs across two rods wide from ye great high way to Compo Creek's mouth under ye end of ye hill. 4th Tear to begin at ye North End of a piece of upland y' lies on ye north East Side of hazeky meadow, ye lots to run cross ye upland, to run westerly to ye mark'd trees, & So on over hazeky meadow, butting on ye rocks upon ye north west End & on ye north End, and So to run on ye point of Land near Dan'll Frost building lot, yc lots to run cross ye hill to ye marked trees ot" Each Side of ye bill. ye lots to begin att ye upper End of ye hill next Dan" Frost building lott, and So on untill they come to nn high way by a marsh, ye brow of ye hill of Rocks next ye creek is not to be valued in measure. Ye Second Dividend being ye Rock Dividend, is to lye on both Sides of ye high way y' Runs from ye point of rocks to Handford path, and So to ye Lots to run back from ye Said high way as ye tear hath already been Surveyed : y' is to be a good liigh way left to run from ye great high way to Saugatuck River, & to lye between M'. Wakeman's farm and ye Dividends. ye Comittee is to leave necessary high *Vote of Jan. 31, 1672. B, Town Votes, p. 46.

wayes for M? Wakeman to come to his meadow. ye first Lot to begin next ye high way y' Runs to Saugatuck River by W. Wakeman's farm, and So ye Lots to Run northward to ye end of ye tear, y', ye lots to Run on ye Tear on ye other side of ye great high way, beginning northward of ye Teer, and So to Run Southward to ye End of ye Teer. he that begins So Successively in ye first Dividend of y6 good Land, must also So begin in ye Second Dividend by ye high way by ?>Ir Wakeman's farm and So on northward as is above ordered."*

A dividend of these lands was made on the 28th of February, to the dividend holders, and recorded on the same day. An interesting record, called the pounder's oath, was made at this time, which shows that the young fruit trees were grown in fields, and held in common by the townsmen. It also shows the care exercised in the healthy growth of fruit trees, which had been brought from England, or raised from imported inoculation, grafts, pits and seeds.

At the meeting of the October Assembly, William Hill and John Banks were each granted one hundred and fifty acres of land for a farm.

In January, Richard Ogden was granted liberty to erect a new mill on Mill river, near the old mill site. Mill-hill was voted to remain a common forever. On the 3Ot4I of April, Jehu Burr, Sergeant John Banks, and Sergeant Nathaniel Seely, were appointed to examine the lands of Wyantenuck or New Milford, and to report to the town if it was a suitable place for a plantation.

At the May court of election Major Gold was elected an assistant of the General Assembly, John Burr and John Banks deputies, and Jehu Burr and William Hill commissioners for Fairfield. Jehu Burr with Captain William Curtis of Stratford, was appointed to lay out to Henry Wakeley, of Fairfield, eight acres of land granted him in 1669. A committee was also appointed to lay out the land granted William Hill, John Banks, and John Wheeler. John Banks was made one of a committee to examine the lands of Potatuck or Newtown, with a view of beginning a plantation there.

The Rev. Samuel Wakeman and Jehu Burr were each granted two hundred acres of land.*

Meanwhile the townsmen of Fairfield continued their work of attending to the necessary improvements of the town. On the 22d of October it was voted, that a fence should be built on the Sound from Mill river to Paul's neck. This fence was soon after erected, and inclosed the farmers' lands on the beach from McKcnzie's point, all the way around Pine creek and the great meadow before the town, to the hassocks on the east of Paul's neck. A highway lay between this fence and the beach, shaded on both sides by tall beech trees.*

Stringent laws were passed for a more effectual and speedy way to carry the overland mail from New York to Boston. Hartford had been made the central point for perfecting this project; and from the ist of January, 1673, a postman was dispatched on the first Monday of each month from New York to Boston, with letters and small packages free of postage. In order to prevent postmen from loitering at taverns, stated allowances were made for them and their horses from Rye to Springfield, by the Assembly.*

Vigorous measures were taken to make a strong resistance at Fairfield. At a town meeting held on the I5th of May, Richard Hubbell was authorized to furnish eight hundred weight of lead within three months, for the use of the magazine in the town.

John Banks was made one of a committee to settle the boundaries of Derby, Woodbury, Waterbury, Newtown and New Milford.

The village of Brookfield was burned on the 2d of August. In September, Hadley, Deerfield, and Northfield, on the Connecticut river, were attacked. Many of the inhabitants were killed, and valuable property burned or destroyed. On the I2th of September, Captain Beers was surprised near Northfield, and twenty of his men killed.

In 1679, previous to which time, everything connected with the settlement of Fairfield appears to have worn a most encouraging aspect, the town was visited by a most alarming epidemic. But little information is to be found about it, or what the character of the disease was, which made such ravages among the inhabitants. From a document to be found in the State House, at Hartford, the following account is given :

"Fairfield, 1679.—A sore sickness attended with an uncommon mortality in this town, though very healthy in the neighboring towns. There died about 70 persons within three months & there was hardly enough well persons to tend the sick & bury the dead."

At the October session of the General Assembly, John Banks was appointed one of a committee to settle the boundary line between Milford and Derby


1680—1690 1680—1690

22. Answ. Very seldom other vessels than those from Boston or New York come to trade with us. The number of our vessels amount to 4 ships, & 24 pincks, ketches, & barks ; the combined weight of which amounts to about 1000 tons.

23. An

23. Answ. The obstructions we find to trade & navigation, are, want of men of estates to venture ; of money at home for managing trade, & the high rates of labor.

24. Answ. If Hartford, New London, New Haven & Fairfield could be made free ports for 20 or I5 years, it would be the means of increasing navigation & the wealth & trade of the colony.

26. Answ. Our people are generally strict Congregationalists, others more liberal Congregationalists, & some moderate Presbyterians. There are also about 4 or 5 Seven- day men, & so many Quakers.

The towns on Long Island Sound had for some years past been much annoyed with pirates, who had been especially troublesome within the past year. Some of them were captured, but they caused considerable uneasiness, on account of their seizing vessels going out to sea, and preying upon the cattle and grain along the coast. A law was passed that all persons captured on board vessels of a suspicious character, should be sent to the common jail, and " two & two chained together, legs & hands, sent to the place from which they came."

The year 1685 was one particularly noticeable, as the Fairfield meeting-house was this year enriched with a bell, which no doubt was a source of great delight alike to the aged and to the youth of the town. Many of those who were born in England had not probably heard the sound of a church bell, since the old home bells of their native towns rung out their last farewell. They had passed through many hardships and many sorrows since those years of youth and buoyancy ; but in the mean time they had accomplished great things; and as the meeting-house bell, for the first time, peeled out its cheering sounds, many thoughts of the old home and of the new, must have passed in quick-succession through the avenues of busy memory. Among the town records is the following note :

* Pine-tree money was coined by John Hull of Boston, as early as May 27, 1652. The first coins were XIId, VId , and IIId. In 1662 a coin of IId-, was added. The pine-tree money formed a standard, by which circulation was made from time to time in New England. Ils exportation was forbidden under a penalty of forfeiting all visible estate. It was against the royal law to coin money in America ; and England had protested against the use of the pine-tree money.

"At a town meeting held April 28, 1685, it was voted, that the townsmen should settle Samuel Wilson's matter, about satisfying him for money the town borrowed of him to pay for the rneeting-house bell."

Until long after the Revolution it was the custom to ring this bell at twelve o'clock at noon, and at nine in the evening, at which time the law required all peace-abiding citizens to be at home.

On the nth of February, 1685-6, the plain southeast of Golden hill, called Wolves' Pit Plain, which appears to have been the low land near Greenlea, lying west of the Stratford line, was purchased of the Indians.* In April it was voted that as much of the plain should be sold at an. outcry by Sergeant George Squire at the next training day, as would pay for the purchase of the said neck of land. It appears that Samuel Hall, on the 25th of November, for a certain portion of land granted him by the town, lent the desired amount to pay for the plain.f

Major Gold petitioned the Assembly that a neck of land in the west part of Danbury, adjoining the land laid out to him at Umpewage, should be added to his former grant, which petition was granted, provided the land did not exceed five hundred acres. To this one hundred more acres were added a few days after. \ Simon Couch, of Bankside, petitioned that his right in the land of his father-in-law, Francis Andrews, at or near Bankside, be granted him, according to the agreement made at the time of union between Fairfield and the Bankside planters. The court granted his petition, and ordered that Mr. John Burr and the selectmen of the town should, forthwith set out to each planter of Bankside his proportion of land, by virtue of their agreement with the town of Fairfield in 1666. Among the town votes of January 9th, of this year, is the following : " For good considerations moving ym, y' town orders one acre & a half of land near y* east farms, for any of ye inhabitants to bury their dead in, as occasion shall be." John Burr, of Fairfield, and Lieutenant Mathcw Sherwood, of Pequonnock, were appointed to lay it out. This burial place, has ever since been known as the old Stratfield or Pequonnock grave yard. It is situated on the king's highway, but a short distance north of Mountain Grove cemetery, adjoining the military green of the early settlement.

Again the disputed boundary line between Norwalk and Fairfield was brought forward. The court decided that a white oak tree, east of the deceased Daniel Frost's house at Bankside, was the early west bounds of Fairfield, and that a just mile west of the said white oak tree should be their west or head line, to run up to the Stamford path, and then northward according to the former grant of the court : " & the town of Fairfield is to have all the lands southward of this line from Standford path east of Saugatuck river." Two hundred acres of land were granted to John Burr. * Lieutenants Samuel Morehouse and Nathaniel S?cly were appointed to lay out this grant ; and also one hundred acres to John Bell of Stamford, f In order to avoid having their timber lands impoverished by Andros, a law was passed, that no more timber should be sent out of the colony without a license from the towns in which it was cut, under a penalty of forfeiting said timber. The captains of the vessels were forbidden to receive it without a license, under a penalty of forty shillings for every breach of this law. Tanners were also forbidden to cut down trees for bark, without a license from the towns in which they lived, under a penalty of five shillings for every barked tree.

A petition was presented to the Assembly by Samuel Hayes of Nor- walk, in behalf of Thomas Fitch, Thomas Bennydick, and John and Jehu Burr, representing that as Pequiage contained twenty families, and others were expected soon to settle there, it should be constituted a town, and named Swamfield; but the court gave it the name of Danbury.*

charter oak

on the 6th of April the town ordered that Pauls neck, the reedy ponds and swamp lying west of it, and the Half Mile of common, lying between the Building Lots "so called, long since laid out;" and two miles and a half in length of the Mile of common, should be forthwith laid out to the lawful dividers. If any others were admitted to this dividend, one lot was to be drawn for all said divisions, to begin on each division until the whole was finished. Isaac Hall not having been allowed his claim in the previous dividends, the town readily granted him the same, and appointed a committee to lay out to him his just dividends. John and Jonathan More- house, John Whitlock, David Whitlock, James Newton, Henry Grey and Thomas Dickinson, were allowed an interest in these lands at the rate of twenty pounds estate.

Golden-hill having been claimed by the Stratford planters, who were over-eager to dispossess the Indians of this reservation, without adhering to the agreement made with Fairfield of May 19, 1659, application for redress was made at this time by the Indian owners to Governor Andros. Major Treat was appointed to look into the matter and report the true state of the claims of the English and Indians. On the 23d of May, he reported to Andros, that the Stratford men were not to claim any of the grant secured to the Golden-hill Indians, unless the said Indians vacated their reservation of their own free will; in which case, the Stratford planters were to own the said reservation, upon paying the sum of twenty pounds to the Fairfield planters, " partly in line of their first title, & partly estimated to Stratford, & the care Fairfield had taken, in looking after the said Indians."

There is little doubt that the Toleration Act was a source of great departure from the early church regulations in the New England towns, and the vigorous efforts which had been made within the past few years, to compel an enforcement of the colony laws in regard to the duties of the Lord's Day. Scarcely had the joy of escaping from the tyrannical reign of Andros been experienced, than the colonies found themselves at war with the French and Indians. The eastern towns of New England had been subject to frequent depredations by the Indians, while the French and northern Indians were menacing the Canadian frontiers. A special General Court was assembled at Hartford on the 29th of August; but there not being a sufficient number of the assistants present, it was resolved to call a second court on the 3d of September.* Major Gold alone represented Fairfield. A letter of August 3d from Governor Brad- street of Massachusetts, complaining of the depredations of the eastern Indians, was read before the Assembly. He also informed them of the escape of Governor Andros from the castle; and that he had issued orders for him to be searched for by water and land. Another letter of August 21st from Governor Bradstreet was read, renewing complaints of the incursions of the enemy on the frontier towns, murdering and taking captive the English and burning and destroying their houses ; and requesting that Captain Bull be sent from Connecticut to accompany their messengers to treat with the Maqueas or Mohawks.


Fifty years had now elapsed since the settlement of the town of Fair- field, and the fair fields which attracted Roger Ludlow and his little band of pioneers had become fairer still under the cultivation of the thrifty planters. The large tracts, from one end of the town to the other, even to the centre of Redding, had been staked off or fenced in to the dividend- holders. Prospered in an unusual degree, Fairfield had known nothing of the distresses and devastations of the northern and eastern towns of Connecticut. Rich in agriculture and in commerce, the growth of wheat, corn, oats and barley furnished supplies for other markets and enriched the planters. In point of political influence, no town in New England was of more importance, nor was there one that more readily responded to calls for military assistance from the eastern colonies, or from the province of New York. Fairfield's assistants, judges and ministers, might well be compared to the sturdy, rugged pines of the forest, standing out as sentinels, honored and revered by their contemporaries in America, and not less honored in England. Most of them were young men when they came to Fairfield, and had seen one after another of their early associates pass away. Though years advanced upon them, and their locks were white with the frosts of time, they still girded on their armor, ready to die in harness, whenever and wherever death should overtake them.

hrough instructions from Governor Andros in August, 1688, Major Gold had taken every precaution for the defense of Fairfield in case of an attack from foreign foes or hostile Indians. The town was now put under strict vigilance and military rule. All along the Sound, watch and ward was kept by day and by night. A special General Assembly was held at Hartford on the iith of April, when war was declared against the French and Indians of Canada. The governor, deputy-governor, and the assistants of the General Court were made a council of war. Two foot companies of English and Indians were ordered to be speedily raised and sent for the protection of Albany, one of which was to be from the Hartford and New London counties, under the command of Captain Joseph Fitch ; while the others, consisting of sixty English and forty Indians, from Fairfield and New Haven counties, were commanded by Captain Ebenezer Johnson of Stratford. A tax of four pence on the pound was levied to defray the expenses of the expedition. That there might be no failure in fitting out and maintaining the soldiers for the expedition, the Assembly recommended the select-men and assistants of each town to send the colony what provisions and grain should be necessary for the space of ten months. John Burr was appointed captain, Mathew Sherwood lieutenant, and Nathan Gold, jr., ensign of the Fairfield train band. Mathew Sherwood of Stratfield was commissioned captain of the dragoons of Fairfield county, James Judson lieutenant, and David Waterbury ensign.* The commissioned officers of each town were to list, and appoint every seventh man in each company to be a flying army of dragoons. All male persons upwards of sixteen years of age, except Indians and negroes, were ordered to serve on the town military watch. The watch of persons absent or at sea was to be supplied by their families; widows and men disabled by infirmities, owning estates of fifty pounds, were to supply a watch for their protection. Ministers, assistants, and commissioned officers were exempt from this obligation.

The fortifications of each town were ordered to be repaired and equipped without delay. There appears to be no document confirming the idea that Grover's hill was fortified at this time, but it undoubtedly was, and had been for a long time, as it commanded the harbor of Black

Rock and Fairfield. To prevent the seizure of grain by the French or pirates, it was ordered, " that no corn or provision of any kind should be shipped out of the ports of the colony for the space of three months, without special license from the governor or two assistants," under a penalty of confiscation. Major Gold and Captain John Burr were appointed to give special licenses for Fairfield county. A letter having been sent to the king by the governor and council in January, and fifty pounds having also been raised to send to their agent in England to be used in behalf of the interests of the colony, the Assembly agreed that it should be paid out of the public treasury.

The privileges granted by the Toleration Act (24th May, 1689) in England, " which relieved Protestant dissenters from the requirements of the Act of Uniformity (1662) & gave them liberty to worship with open doors, & also freed them from the penalties of a non-attendance at church " as before stated, had its influence in New England. In consequence of this the General Court, " finding to their sorrow, that instead of the reformation aimed at," vice and corruption increased more than ever; "& fearing if the Lord in his mercy & sovereign grace" did not prevent the growing evils, " they might at length prove an incorrigible people, & so a generation of his wrath without remedy, ripened for deserved desolation, ... so obvious to all by cruel war & sick

ness," resolved once more not only to recommend all the magistrates, select-men and commissioners of the several plantations in the colony, as well as the constables and grand juries, to carefully attend and carry out the orders and reformed laws passed in 1684, with "other good & wholesome laws, that so our government & rulers may be a terror to evil doers, as in our first times, that the Lord may yet take pleasure in us as a people." The court also further recommended the ministers in all the churches, " by their holy labors " to further to their utmost endeavor the great work of reformation. Thus the magistrates of Connecticut sought to cleanse Fairfield, as well as all the other towns in the colony, of every evil provoking to the wrath of the Most High. The Bible being their daily companion, and regarding themselves like the Israelites of old, a chosen people, led by the guiding hand of the Almighty into a wilderness, to establish a church and government upon the principles of truth and righteousness, they sought to govern the colony according to these principles, and to purify every individual family, from that of the richest planter to the humblest cottage of the poor man, even to the wigwam of the savage, from every social and moral vice. In the breast, however, of every son and daughter of America dwelt the one great principle of religious and political liberty, which, with the New England colonists, had been the watchword of every civil and ecclesiastical movement, since the dawn of the Reformation. At no previous time, since the Reformation had all classes, except the Romanists, enjoyed a greater degree of freedom in England than at the present. The dissenters, who had been compelled to worship with closed doors in the mother country, now not only assembled with open doors, but were protected from molestation. In Connecticut, however, none, as yet, were free to worship openly, save in the established church of the colony. Nor is this a matter of surprise, when it is considered that the aim of the early New England planters was to make this country a home for all who dissented from the Church of England and from the fiery rule of Catholicism. They had much yet to struggle through, and much to contend with.

At the General Court in May, a petition was presented by the inhabitants of Pequonnock, or the east farmers, " that they might have liberty to procure a minister among themselves, & be freed from paying the minister at Fairfield." * This petition was presented to the court by Lieutenant James Bennet, of Pequonnock, and signed with forty-six names, t Major Gold and John Wakeman objected, upon the ground that the Pequonnock planters had not first applied to the magistrates of Fair- field, and as Lieutenant Bennet did not make it appear that he had been empowered to petition in behalf of Fairfield, the court recommended, " the town of Fairfield & the people of Pequonnock to meet lovingly together about the matter," . . . and they would confirm or ratify what should be mutually agreed upon.

At a town meeting held on the 23d of March, Thomas Morehouse was given liberty to erect a mill at the foot of the creek, near the house of John Davis. Thomas Merwin was also granted a piece of land near the same place, to erect a tan vat. At the May election Major Gold and Major John Burr were elected assistants, Jehu Burr and Samuel Ward deputies, and Captain Jehu Burr commissioner for Fairfield. Jehu Burr was also appointed to administer the commissioner's oath to the newly elected commissioners of Stratford, Norwalk, Stamford and Greenwich. Owing to a great scarcity of salt and other importations during the late war, for the encouragement of salt-making, the Assembly offered to give an exclusive patent for ten years, to any person familiar with the art, and possessing a sufficient estate, for establishing salt works. Small quantities made in families for private use, were exempt from this law. A long dispute between Dr. Isaac Hall and his brother Samuel, was at this time brought before the Assembly. The complaint of Samuel Hall was to the effect that his brother, Dr. Isaac, had seized certain lands belonging to him, and had not only used high language, " but many violences & threat- enings," and also resisted ail means used in the common law for his protection. The Assembly ordered a summons to be issued and served upon Dr. Isaac Hall, for his appearance before the next court of assistants. Considerable delay having been experienced in cases of appeal from the county courts to the court of assistants held after the General Court in May, it was voted that the court of assistants should be held the Monday before the General Court of election, " whereby all appellants from the court of assistants might be more speedily issued." No change was made in the October term.

During the meeting of the Assembly in May, Captain Jehu Burr presented a petition for increasing the number of free grammar or Latin schools in the colony, by granting one in each of Fairfield and New London counties ; but the court, after twice hearing the bill read, decided that they saw no reason to make any alteration in the law passed for two free schools in the colony. At the same time the Pequonnock planters resolutely pushed their efforts to establish a church and school within their limits. From the following town record, it does not appear that they carried out the advice of the General Court in " discoursing lovingly together" :

" April 27. 1691, We the inhabitants of Pequonnock being warned to a town meeting held in Fairfield, & notwithstanding that one end for which it was warned is to hire a school-master in the town of Fairfield, we the inhabitants of Pequonnock, at a general meeting thereof, have thought & met to declare our own protest against a dislike of such a thing, & that for many reasons inducing thereto, & instead of many that might be mentioned, let these two satisfy, because the law hath enjoined to half a year only, & as to a grammar school totally freed us ; we moreover have already hired a school-master among ourselves for the instruction of children, wi1ich are not able to come to any school that is served in Fairfield. Wherefore the inhabitants of Pequonnock do desire that this our protest may be entered & recorded, that this is our protest against hav1ng a school in the town of Fairfield, we do set our hands, Signed. May 6. 1691 ; Mathew Sherwood jr,

*Trumbull's Hist. Conn., I., 407.

Samuel Gregory, Joseph Seely, Richard Hubbell sr, Moses Jackson sen, John Odell jr, Timothy Wheeler, Ephraim Wheeler, Samuel Hall, Samuel Treadwell, Nathaniel Sherwood sen, James Bennit sen, Richard Hubbell jr, James Bennit jr, Thomas Morehouse sen."

The Rev. Charles Chauncey, son of the Rev. Israel Chauncey, of Stratford, and grandson of President Charles Chauncey, of Harvard College, preached to the people of Pequonnock, cither in the school-house or in the dwellings of the planters, from about the year 1688, when not engaged as a chaplain and surgeon in the expeditions sent out against the French and Indians. He became very popular among them, and they invited him at this time to take upon him the office of a permanent pastor. Without delay they proceeded to erect a small church. The spot selected was, according to the custom of those days, on one of the most prominent hills in the village, which commanded a fine view of the surrounding country and Long Island Sound, and was situated on Division street, a short distance south of the king's highway, still known as Meeting-House hill. The members of this first church of Stratfield were as follows:

"The names of those who have renewed the Covenant, & personally subjected themselves to the government of Christ in His church, & particularly in this Church ; together with ye time of yr doing it."

Edward & Mary Treadwell 23. Dec. 1695. Mary Bennet ye wife of James Bennet ye shipwright 10. May 1696. ] Sarah wife of Ephraim Wheeler 3i. Jan. 1696. Samuel Wells. Benjamin Fairweather. Mathew Sherwood jr. Daniel Beardsly. Elijah Crane. Nathaniel Porter. William Beardsly. Samuel Smedly. Samuel Summers. John Beardsly. John Tredwell. Samuel Wheeler. Samuel Odell. Ebenezer Beardsly. Benjamin Beardsly. Samuel Gregory. Joseph Bennet. Nathaniel Knap. Jonathan Wakely. Mary Sherwood to 8. Feb. 1697. Rebecca Sealey, John's wife. Mary Odell. Sarah Hubbell. Joanna Walker. Abigail French. Elizabeth Jackson. Rebecca Beardsly. Hannah Odell d. of John Sr., wife of Nathaniel Seely, & 1706 of Isaac Sterling. Abigail Summers. Mary Beardsly. Ruth Treadwell. Abigail Gregory. Ruth Wheeler. Ruth Wakely. Samuel & Martha Tredwell 1698. Isaac Bennet & wife. John & Deborah Burr 1700.


The names of such as have been received to full communion in this church who were not before in full communion elsewhere.

Joseph & Sarah Seely 8. Dec. 1695. Hannah Sherman & Susanna Hall 5. Jan. 1695-o. Edward Preston 29. March 1696. Abel & Elizabeth Bingham 10. May 1696. Joanna Sherwood 2I. Sept. 1696. Rebecca Wheeler 25. Oct. 1696. Sarah Chauncey 20. Dec. 1696. James & Sarah Bennet 7. Nov. 1697. Samuel French 8. March 1697-'. John Odell Senr & Samuel Tredwell sr. 20 Feb. \6yj-'. Mary Odell jr. 29. May 1698. Rebecca Wheeler & Isaac Wilson 28. Aug. 1699. Abigail French 22. April 1699. Mary Crane 22. Oct. 1699. Jane Hall 7. April 1700.

The names of those that were afterwards received by letters dismissary or recommendatory from other churches were as follows. From Fairfiekl :

Mary Sherwood. Ann Wheeler. Mary Odell. Rebecca Gregory. Ruth Tredwell. Mercy Wheeler. Abigail Wells. Elizabeth Sherwood. Sarah Odell. Their letter was accepted & accepted Anno. 1695. From Stratford : Abigail wife of Richard Hubbell senr. Mary wife of James Ilubhell. Abigail Beardsley wife of Samuel. Abigail Wakely dau. of Henry, married Paul Gregory Jun' [ Temperance wife of Richard Hubbell jr. Their letter read & accepted 10. July 1693. Concord—Joseph Wheeler 20. Dec. 1697 & accepted 20. Dec 1697. accepted 20. Dec. 1697.

Mary Jackson of Norwalk, her letter read 2O. Dec. 1697, &
Concord — Stratford-Hannah Fairchild 10. Sept. 1699. read &

accepted 10 Sept 1699. ! Thomas Hawley, his letter read & accepted. | Mary wife of John Beardsly of Fairfield, her letter read & accepted 26. July 1702. Woodbury—Abigail Tredwell of Woodbury accepted 24. Nov. 1704. | Concord—Sarah Whitacus 17. June 1705. Charleston—Zacheriah Ferris 9. Sept. 1705. Stratfield Parish Records.

Nathan Gold, Captain John Burr, and John Thompson, were appointed " in the name & behalf of the town to give Mr. Webb a call. Jonathan Morehouse & Samuel Squire were chosen to remove Mr. Webb with his family & goods to Fairfield at the town's cost." Under this last record is the following entry: " It is to be remembered that Mr. Webb & his family came to Fairfield, on a Thursday, at night, being the 13. of October 1692."* From the particular attention paid to Mr. Webb's views on baptism, and from his church record, it is evident that a majority of the townsmen favored what was called the half-way covenant, which for many years was sanctioned by the ministers of Fairfield. By this provision the children of non-communicants who accepted the church covenant before the congregation, were baptized.

The Indian land at Rocky neck in Sasco field at the mouth of Mill river, was also to be bounded out to the Indians. The point or neck of land on the west side of Mill river, in the Sasco field, which had been reserved by the town for a ship-yard, and called Joseph Palmer's neck, was ordered to be bounded out.* Every person owning fence in the common line of fence in the common field, was ordered within ten days to set a stake at each end of his fence in the line, with the initial letters of his name distinctly marked upon them. The highways, on the west side of Mill river were to be laid open, and made free for grazing the cattle of the town for six months. John Beardsley of Stratford, was invited to set up the trade of a smith at Fairfield.

Fairfield was never more astir than at this time. This new infringement of their chartered liberties was discussed at every fireside ; Major Gold, now well advanced in years, with Major Burr and the deputies of their town, had already expressed their approval of the message sent to Governor Phipps, and calmly awaited further developments. A second cause of excitement prevailed to an alarming extent. Witches, after a lapse of forty years, had again embodied themselves in some of the women of the town. Mercy Disborow of Compo, Goody Miller, goodwife Elizabeth Clawson, and Mrs. Staples, had been indicted for familiarity with Satan. So great was the mass of evidence against them, and the number of witnesses so large, that at the special session of the General Court, the governor, deputy-governor, and assistants, numbering seven at least, were granted a term of oyer and terminer, at Fairfield on the second Wednesday in December. The coming of the governor and so many of the assistants, added to the prestige of the case, and probably the women, save Mrs. Staples, had never figured more conspicuously before the public. Mrs. Staples after a lapse of more than forty years since her first trial, was again accused of being a witch, but once more proved too clever, even for the governor and his seven judges.

* This neck is probably the point which lies opposite the breakwater at Southport.—B, Town Votes, p. 97.

The supposed witches were tried before the governor and the assistants and judges of the General Court, but the jury failed to agree in rendering a verdict. An account of what had been done was related by Governor Treat before the General Court in October, when it was decided that a new trial should take place at Fairfield as soon as possible, so that a verdict might be obtained, upon which the court should render a final issue. John Wakeman and Nathaniel Burr acted as deputies at the fall session of the Assembly. Major Gold was granted fifteen pounds for his services to the colony during the year. On the igth of September a special court of oyer and terminer was again held at Fairfield to try the women accused of witchcraft. Governor Treat, Deputy-Governor William Jones, Secretary John Allin, Assistants Andrew Leete of New Haven, John Burr of Fairfield, William Pitkin of Hartford and Moses Mansfield of New Haven. occupied the bench.

The grand jurors impaneled were Joseph Bayard, Samuel Ward, Edward Hay ward, Peter Ferris, Jonas Waterbury, John Bowers, Samuel Sherman, Samuel Gilpin, Ebenezer Booth, John Platt, Christopher Corn- stock, and William Reed. The petit jury were James Beers, Isaac Wheeler, John Osborn, John Miles, Ambrose Thompson, John Hubby, John Bowton, Samuel Hayes, Eleazer Slawson, John Belding, John Wakeman, and Joseph Rowland. Mercy Disborow, Goody Miller, Elizabeth Slawson, and Mrs. Staples, were arraigned before this august body of magistrates and sworn jurors. The charges made a-gainst them were, as in all of the witch cases, of the most absurd character. The testimony given in was " very voluminous." About two hundred depositions were taken. The women were pronounced to be guilty of witchcraft; but that none of them might suffer innocently, it was decided to try a plan, which had been adopted at Hartford, of throwing them into a river or pond, under the superstition that if they sank under the water they were innocent of the charge brought against them ; but if they floated, they were veritable witches, fit only for condemnation and death. »

Whether this test was performed at Hyde's pond, or at Edward's pond on the meeting house green, is not stated ; but " four witnesses swore, that Mercy Disborow, being bound hand & foot & put into the water, swam like a cork, though one labored to press her down." Elizabeth Clawson also floated.

The court again assembled at Fairfield on the 28th of October, when fresh testimony was taken. Elizabeth Clawson, Goody Miller, and Mrs. Staples were acquitted ; but Mercy Disborow was found guilty. The jury were sent out a second time to reconsider their verdict; but they returned to the court room, and the foreman stated " that they saw no reason to alter it, but found her guilty as before. The court approved of their verdict, & the governor passed upon her the sentence of death." Her sentence, however, was not satisfactory to a majority of the people in the town. Their zeal for hanging witches appears to have been satisfied, when the simple-minded woman, Goodwife Knapp, ended her life on the scaffold to satiate the ignorance and fanatical bigotry of her neighbors, in which then, as in the present instance, the leading and most learned and pious magistrates of the colony concurred. To the credit of the more enlightened townsmen of Fairfield, however, a petition, exhibiting considerable intelligence, was presented to the General Assembly in her behalf, setting forth weighty reasons why she should be pardoned.* The petition appears to have been granted, as she was living in 1707, in which year her husband's will was probated, and she is mentioned as the widow of Thomas Disborow.f In the summer of this year Fairfield lost another of her most distinguished public men, in the death of Captain Jehu Burr. The pages of this history give many proofs of his great usefulness in the town, in the General Courts, and particularly in King Philip's war, during which time he was made a commissioner, and invested with great power. The renown of his family had increased in luster almost from the time of the landing of his father, Jehu Burr, at Boston.

* An account of this case of witcheraft was published in the Connecticut Mirror, The New York Commercial Advertiser for July I4th and 15th, and re-printed in the New York Spectator July iSth, and in the Times and Weekly Advertiser, of Hartford, Aug. 8th, 1820, by the late William L. Stone, of Hartford, then editor of the Connelticut Mirror.—Col. Rec. of Conn., IV., 76, 77-

f Mercy Disborow appears to have been a daughter of the widow of the Rev. John Jones, by a former marriage. In a sale of land made by Thomas Disborow of Compo, about 1688, the consent of his mother-in-law, Susannah Jones, and that of his wife. Mercy Disborow, was obtained. Letter A, Town Deeds, p. 622. Susannah Jones sold out her right in her husband's parsonage at Fairfield to Thomas Bennet, soon after Mr. Jones' death, and moved to Compo.

Captain John Burr was appointed sergeant-major of Fairfield county. This additional honor to those he had already acquired, was paid him but a few days before his death, which occurred on the 16th of the month, while still in the prime of his life and usefulness. The valuable services rendered to the town, and colony and to the country in Philip's and the French and Indian wars, by Major Burr, have been so thoroughly interwoven in the pages of this work, that a greater eulogy of him as a statesman, judge and soldier, need not be offered here. His death, with that of his brother, Jehu Burr, in 1692, of the Rev. Samuel Wakeman, the same year, and that of Major Gold in March of this year, deprived Fair- field of four of her ablest and most honored citizens.


p283 - more about new reverends and baptisms

The first extant parish records, which commenced with the Rev. Joseph Webb's ministry, this year, explain the views of the Fairfield people as to baptism, and their desire to become acquainted with the opinion he entertained upon the subject. Mr. Trumbull states " that notwithstanding the result of the synod of 1662, & the various attempts which had been made to introduce the practice of what was termed " Owning the covenant," it was not generally observed until 1696. In Fairfield, however, it was used by Mr. Webb immediately after entering upon the care of the parish. A Renewal of the Covenant, is found in the early pages of Mr. Webb's record, by which "the children of parents who did not enter into full communion " were baptized. The birth and marriage records, however, were still kept by the town recorder. This Renewal of the Covenant was not always the same in power; but the synod allowed the churches to adapt their form of covenant to the special circumstances of each church." * The covenant used by Mr. Webb was probably the same as the one found in the Green's farms and Greenfield parish records, which is as follows:


"The practice of owning the Covenant by people," says Mr. Trumbull, " & offering their children in baptism, was in time gradually introduced into most of the churches in the colony. It became a custom for the ministers & deacons to pay annual visits to every family in the town, & to warn all young people before marriage, to publicly subscribe or own the covenant; " but this was more generally done after they became parents, and wished to have baptism administered to their children, " though they made no profession of religion, & neglected the Lord's supper & other duties, peculiar to members in full communion ; " and this was called the halfway covenant.

As a part of the village was composed of the planters living on the east side of the division line between Pequonnock and Stratford, it was for many years called the east parish, and the Fairfield side the west parish. According to the wishes of the parish the Rev. Charles Chauncey now became the first regularly sanctioned pastor of Fairfield village. At the October Assembly, for the satisfaction of such as were conscientiously desirous of being married by their minister, liberty was granted to ordained ministers of the several plantations in the colony, "to join in marriage such persons as were qualified for the same, according to law."

Piracy, which had existed for many years, had increased to an alarming extent, so that it became as necessary for vessels to carry guns and ammunition, as it was to supply the forts and principal ports with means of defense. Privateers, with and without licenses, roved the seas, and preyed upon the commerce of all nations, not even that of England excepted ; in fact, privateers sent out under commissions from the king of England to intercept the commerce of France, turned pirates, seized, plundered, and sunk every vessel that crossed their track. It was not until commerce was almost destroyed, that the lords of trade and navigation awoke to the perils of the situation. Even private citizens, and men of wealth, both in England and America, were accused of complicity with the pirates which infested the Indian Ocean, in accumulating property in this atrocious manner. Gold coin, luxuriant silks, satins, and velvets, with other elegancies, were freely brought into this country. Men hitherto in moderate circumstances, erected fine mansions, and in consequence, became the subjects of envy and suspicion.

Captain Kidd is described as having been an intelligent, cultivated man of pleasing address, and up to the time of engaging in this expedition, regarded as thoroughly trustworthy. He had married in 1691 Sarah Oort, the beautiful and cultivated young widow of a fellow officer. At the time of his sailing for the eastern ocean, he was living in comfortable circumstances with his wife and a lovely little daughter in Liberty street, New York. When it was discovered a few years later that Kidd had turned pirate and was sailing under the black flag, every one connected with the undertaking, not even the king of England excepted, was charged with complicity in his piratical deeds for their private enrichment; and every valuable jewel or ornament worn, was supposed to be connected with some frightful story of wretched captives and horrible deaths. The wildest stories of his daring deeds and of his acts of cruelty to men and to the women whom he captured, in putting them to death, or obliging them to walk a plank into the sea, that their end might never be known, was the theme of public and private gatherings, until his name became a terror alike to people on land and on the seas. He was finally taken captive at Boston by an order from Lord Bellomont, the governor of New York, and sent to England for trial. He was there condemned and executed on the I2th of May, 1701. Songs were sung on board ship and in taverns of his deeds of courage and cruelty, and of his vast accumulations of gold and precious stones, which, it was believed, he had buried in chests on the shores and islands of the ocean, Long Island and Connecticut.

A tradition exists that one of Kidd's rendezvous in the summer was a point on Sherwood's Island at Green's farms, and there is some ground for this tradition, from the fact that the little island lying west of it has been made a resort from time to time of many persons, who believed that he had buried a large amount of gold there. The island bears traces here and there of deep holes, which have been dug with the hope of finding some one of his numerous chests of gold.* At Black Rock repeated searches have been made for Kidd's treasures, and also at Berkshire, a hamlet about two miles north of Bridgeport, f

* Stratford Point has also been made a frequent place of resort, especially at night, for the same purpose.

f In 1884 a gang of Italians, while excavating for the Olmstead parallel railroad near the head of the Pequonnock river, where there was once a famous shipyard, in picking between the rocks, found a powder horn tipped with silver and covered with hieroglyphies, containing some old English coins, a Spanish doubloon, and an old parchment. The Berkshire people believed that the Italians found a large amount of gold, which Kidd had buried.—Author.

The winter of 1697-8 had been one of unusual length and severity. The summer had been cool and cloudy, and not a month without frosts. In Februaiy and March heavy snows fell, covering the roads and fences "high & hard." There was a loud cry for bread, and cattle famished and died in the yards from want. A distressing fever prevailed, preceded by an influenza, which proved very fatal. Those in health found it difficult to obtain fuel, to care for the sick, and to bury their dead.f Fairfield suffered severely from this epidemic. % The governor and council met at Hartford on the I2th of March, and appointed the fourth Wednesday in the month to be observed as a day of fasting and prayer throughout the colony, to implore the mercy of God in abating the sufferings which had fallen upon man and beast.

On the 16. of April 1636 Ludlow and a company, comprising the larger part of the Dorchester church, set out for the Connecticut. " Their pastor Mr. Warehain some state accompanied them, while others say he followed soon after." By this movement Dorchester " was deprived of nearly one half of its population, including the ministers, Messrs. Wareham & Maverick, & a large part of the intelligence & wealth which accompanied the first comers." During the same year Agawam or Springfield was settled by Mr. Pinchion, John & Jehu Burr, Henry Smyth, & others from Roxbury. In June the Rev. Mr. Hooker with about one hundred men, women & children from Cambridge, settled Suckiage or Hartford. The settlement of Weathersfield, already begun the previous year, was increased by the arrival of a few others.

Ludlow with the other leading spirits of the emigration, no doubt felt more at ease to be thus far removed from the Bay colony, whose warlike preparations towards the Mother-country had already assumed a serious aspect. The murmur of the waters of the Connecticut & of the distant falls, was far more soothing to his wounded spirit, than the boom of his Majestie's cannon balls approaching Castle Island. Perhaps too, at that time he felt that he could far better serve his king and his countrymen in the wilderness of Connecticut, than the freemen of Massachusetts, who had so ungratefully rewarded his services. It was certainly a novel position for a man of spirit to erect a fort for the protection of a body of freemen, who did not hesitate to depose him from the high offices he had held. He had, however, been learning the lesson of political experience ; & the very discipline which had angered & humiliated him, served to enlarge his views, & to prepare him for a more liberal & enlightened mode of building up a republican form of government. From this time he became the leader of Connecticut jurisprudence. His name heads the list of the first nine Courts held in the colony, & he was to all intents & purposes its first governor. On the 26. of April, 1636, Ludlow & four of his associates met at Newtown or Hartford, to open the first Court held in Connecticut. The following names are given as they occur in the Colonial Records :

Roger Ludlow Esqr. Mr. Westwood.

Mr. Steel. Mr. Warde.*

Mr. Phelps.

Mr. Pinchion, Mr. Swaine & Mr. Smyth, the three others appointed to assist in governing the colony, were not present.

Ludlowe home " In his unpretentious home, situated on the corner of Ludlow and Windsor streets,* he compiled a code of laws, which many years afterwards, was destined to rank him among the leading statesmen of the age in which he lived. At the present date, 1888, the property of O. B. Jennings.

PPENDIX No. Ill " A list of ye names of ye freemen of towne of Fairefield. Oct. 1669.

Jno: Odell.
James Bennett.
Math: Sherwood.
Richd. Hubball.
Jno. Wheeler.
Ezekiell Sanford.
Tho: Morchouse.
Sam" Morchouse.
Nat" Seely.
Robt Turney.
Tho: Benneu

Tho: Jones.
Mr. Nathan Gold.
Mr. Willm Hill.
Willm Ward.
Nat" Burr.
John Buckley.
Mr. Jehu Burr.
John Banks.
John Palmer.
Cornelius Hull.
Ino. Burr.

oshua Knowles.

ohn Cable Senr.

iumphry Hide. Ino. Hide. Peter Coley.

no Knowles.

no Sturge.

)an" Lockwood.

no Cable junr.
r. Dan" Burr.

Dan" Frost.
Joseph Lockwood.
John Green senr.
Simon Crouch.
Sam" Ward.
John Barlow.
Robert Beacham.
Mr. Wakeman.
Henry Jackson.
Henry Rowland.
Thomas Staples.

Oct. 10, 1669

John Sturgis, select man.

Peter Clapham, select man.

John Knowles, select man.

Will'am Ward, Nathaniell Burr, Constables."

Col. Rec. Conn. II. 521.


A list of y lots drawn for Sasqua Land in yc New field Feb. 8. 1668/6,.

Jno. Odell 66

Is: Wheel' 54

Ja:Bennet 47

Math : Sherwood 62

Rid.Hubbell 16

jno. Wheel' 67

Rogr. Knapp 57

Robt. Tumy 17

Thos. Benet 36

la: Beers 05

Jos: Middlcbk 32

Thos. Jones 31

Thos. Wilson 06

Willm. Hill 53

Francis Bradley 50

Thos. Sherwood 48

Mrs Jones 08

'a: Gray 21

ehu Burr 33

no. Hanks 68

>bd. Gilbert 02

Stepn. Hedge 25

Cor:Hull 69

Jno. Burr 65

Hen; Rowland 35

Benjn Turny 40

Jno. Cable sr 28

Richd. Osburn 14




Hump: Hide...

Petr. Coly

Jno. Hide

Pr. Clapham..,
Jno. Knowles

SIr. Gold

Willm. Ward..

Mr Pell

Nath". Burr...




Dan" Lockwood.

W. Wilson


Jos. Jennings

Thos. Staples

Rich. Lyon

Thos. Grumon—
Robt. Meacar....
Jno. Tompkins ..

Thos. Lyon

Jno. Sturgis

Jno. Cable jr

S. Drake

G. Smith

Jno. Barlow sr—
Jno. Barlow jr....
Samll. Smith... .

34 '5

37 55 5'




{osiah Knowles 23

. Sherwington 03

* Col. Rec. New Haven, II. 77-89 & 1aa.

Robt. Rumsie 24

Richd. Ogden 10

DanN Frost 01

Robt Beachem 07

Couch & Andrus aa

Jno. Green 64

Jos : Lockwood 59

P. Norton 39

Mr. Wakeman 60

Samil Wilson 09

Danll Burr 27

Samll Tredwell 04


B. Town Votes p. 15.

Names of persons who shared'in the second division of the Sasqua Lands Jan 30. 1668/69.

Jno. Odell 35 J. Green sr 57

Isaac Wheel' 36 Jos. Lockwood 15

Tas. Bennet 69 P. Norton 13

Math. Sherwood 64 Thos. Bennet 26

Ricd. Hubbil 23 Ja: Beers 1a

Jno. Wheelr 16 Jos: Middlebrook 20

Rog: Knap 4 Thos. Jones 67

Rob: Turny 19 Thos. Wilson 11

Mr. Pell 08 Willm. Hill 34

Nathll Burr 45 Mr. Gold ai

And. Ward 18 Mr. Ward... 24

Dann Lockwood 56 B. Turny 30

W.Wilson 51 Jno.CableS' 61

Sam" Tredwell 50 Mr. Wakeman 50

Jno Buckley 48 Sarah Wilson 130

Jos: Jennings 02 Richd. Osburn 31

Thos. Staples 14 Josha. Knowles 28

Ric: Lyon 09 Thos. Shervington 44

Jno. Grumon 03 Hump. Hide 05

Rob: Meacar o1 Peter Coly 06

J. Tompkins 49 Jno. Hide 07

Francis Bradley 58 Peter Clapham 62

Thos. Sherwood 46 To. Knowles 66

Mrs. Jones 22 Thos Lyon 33

Ja. Gray 52 Jno. Sturgia 38

Jehu Burr 59 Jno. Cable jr 60

J. Banks 43 Samll. Drake 17

O. Gilbert 54 G. Smith 27

S. Hedge. 25 J: Barlow s' 1o

C. Hull 47 J: Barlow jr. 42

Jno. Burr f 35 Samll Smith 63

H. Rowland 53 Rob. Rumsie 40

R : Beachamp 41 R: Ogden 39

Jno. Andrews 29 D : Frost 37

B. Town Votes p. 3I.

No. VI

The names of those yt. Removed ye building Lots att ye Rear of ye Lots, into ye half- mile Comon, according to ye order ye last meeting. Jan. 17. 1671/2

Michael Try
Ezek. Sandford
Rog: Knap
Dan". Silleiman
Thos. Skidmore
Tos: Jennings
Rich; Osborn
Ja: Beers
Rich: Lyons
Jno. Aplcgate
Jno. Cable jr.

Feb. 28. 1671 '7a

Serg t. Sely
old Odell
Sam11. Morehous<
Ens: Turny
Ste: Hedge
Hen: Rowland
Jn". Grummon.
Robt. Meacar
Jos: Wakeman
Ino. Burr
Jno. Cable sr

Peter Coly
Inn. Barlow jr
Jos Patchin
Tho: Shervington
Hen: Jackson
Hump: Hide
Samll. Drake
N. Perry
S. Smith
Jnn. Sturgis
Sarah Wilson

List for Compo Dividend.

Benjn. Turny
Mr. Harvy
Thos. Staples
Cor: Hull
Jos. Knowles
Jn». Hide
Jno. Barlow sr
T. Lyon
El. Smith
Jno. Knowles
Ed: Adams

B. Town Votes p. 44.

Feb. 28. 1671/2

W.Wheeier 83 Is. Wheeler ..

F. Hall's farm a Tas. Bennet...

Jos. Whelpley 58 M.Sherwood.

Jno. Odell 60

Samuel Treadwell 6



R. Hubbell '.'.'.'.'.'..'.'.'.'.".'.'.'.'.I'.!'.'.'.I'."'." 5?

H.Jackson 20 W. Fry 95 F.Bradley 45

E. Sandford 10 T.Sherwood 78

T. Morehouse ; 42 H. Hide 56

D. Silliman.... ioj Jno. Hide 65

T.Oliver 61 P. Coley '. 72

Sergt.Sely 31 P. Clapham 67

O. Odell 44 Jno. Knowles 64

Sam. Morehouse 85 Jno. Sturges 92

T. Turnie 74 Jno. Cable Junr 07

T. Bennet 98 Danll. Lockwood 73

Jn'. Thompson 23 Ja. Beers 08

Geo. Squire 36 Sam. Smith ... 04

Jo. Middlebrook 8a Jno. Barlow Snr 51

T.Jones 13 Jno. Barlow Jnr 49

W. Hill 89 S. Smith 04

Mr. Gold 34 T. Shervington 21

Sarah Wilson 57 R. Rumsie 84

Benj. Turney 33 Jno. Tompkins 10

N. Burr 87 S. Ward 03

W. Ward 16 Josh. Lockwood 69

Dni. Burr 24 Sm". Couch 47

Mos. Dimon 14 D.Frost 100

T.Wilson 20 Jno. Andrews 43

H. Sherwood 48 Jno. Green 53

Mr. Harvey 22 R. Beacham 59

W. Wilson 77 Jno. Wheeler 54

Jno. Bulkiey 63 Hendrick 70

T. Staples 37 R. Lyon 39

Ed. Adams 75 Mr. Wakeman 17

Jno. Grumon 86 G. Squire Jnr 38

R. Meacre 71 Parsonage 25

las. Gray 05 School 28

Mr. Jehu Burr 32 Samuel Drake 79

Mr. Jones 81 D. Finch 01

John Banks 62 Th'. Sherwood 99

Jos. Wakeman 46 Sam". Goodwin 30

T. Skidmore 55 P. Barlow 66

S. Hedge 29 N. Perry 35

Cor. Huil 91 Mr. Thomas Pell 12

Jno Burr 03 Ino. Applegate 90

O.Gilbert 09 Jno. Bennet 42

Jo. Jennings 96 T. Lyon 15

Hen. Rowland 80 R. Ogden 52

Jos Knowles 18 Patcbin 76

Ino. Cable Sr 94 Jno. Smith : 27

R. Osbom 40

No. X

A List of ye Inhabitants proportions of Lands in -f Cofflons granted to ye Inhabitants in ye year 167071 & is now Recorded December 168I.*

Estates Acres

234: 10 Widow Wheeler 706

217 : 14 Goodman Hall's farm 707

81 — Jos : Whelpley 263

14^ : 16 Jno. Odell 467

:o6 : 2 Samll Treadwell 245

195: 6 Isaac Wheeler 635

143 : — James Bennet 465

157: 14 Math : Sherwood 412

298: 16 Rich. Hubell 971

291: 4 H;nry Jackson 946

198 :18 Michael Fry 647

131 : 12 Ezek : Sanford 428

180: — Roper Knap 486

n6:16Thos. Morenouse 412

103 : — Danll Silleman 270

93: 4 Thos. Oliver 303

262: 4 Nathll Sely Senr 852

1n: 8 Willm Odell Senr 362

251: 4 Samll. Morehouse 816

187 : 4 Ensigne Robt. Turny 608

141 : 4 Thos. Bennet 459

62 : 12 Jno Tomson 203

263 : — Sergt George Squire 855

233:— Jos : Middlebrook Senr 757

243: 4 Cor. Hull 792

265: 14 Mr. Jno Burr., 863

285: 12 Obedh Gilbert '. 603

254 : — Joshua Jennings 825

aoo:— Henry Rowland 943

as Knowles . 582

no Cable Senr 449

Jich. Osburn 825

196 : 18 Frances Bradley 631

210:— Thos Sherwood 68a

175 : 4 Hum : Hide 569

125: 4 Jno Hide 308

183 : 18 Peter Colee 387

18j : o Peter Clapham 604

173; 4 Jos. Kno\yles 553

238: — Jno Sturgis 774

1 ^4 : — Tno Cable Junr 501

147: Id Danll Lockwood 479

194 : 10 James Beers 045

80: — Samll Drake 260

40: — Jno. Applcgate 132

138 :12 Samll Smith 450

120: 10 John Barlow Senr 391

122 : 12 John Barlow Junr 398

91: 10 Eleazer Smith 298

141: — Robt. Rumsie 458

171: 16 JnoTomkins 233


229: 8
87: 17

460: 4
80; 4
192 : :6
198: 2
98: 12
90: —
15 " 10

137: —

M3 :


Samll Ward 45*

Richd. Ogden 745

Thos Jones 286

Willm Hill 694

Major Nathan Gold 1500

Sarah Wilson 506

Benjan Turny 280

Nathll Burr 6a6

Willm Ward 644

Danll Burr 321

Moses Dimon..: 29B

Thos Wilson 375

Stephen Sherwood 445

Mr. Harvey 466

47' 7

77: 6 347' — 220 : 4 190: 16 119:-

56: 14 113: 14 250: — 244 : 12

88: 4- 133 : 8

93: 16
Ibij 4

239: 10
207 :


Widow Bulkley 477

Tno Bulkty 249

Thos. Staples 1128

Edward Adams 715

Jno Grumon . 620

Robt Mecar 387

Mrs. Jones 184

Jacob Gray 370

Mr. Jehu Burr 812

Jno. Banks 705

Ezburn Wakeman 287

Thorns. Skidmore 433

Stephen Hedge 305

Jos. Lockwood 681

Danll Frost 779

Ino Green.

179: 10 Robert Beachem 584

308: 18 Jno Wheeler 1004

060:— Henrick 203

247: — Richd I-yon 800

2o5 : 5 Mr. Wakeman 641

40: 10 George Squire 132

200 : — Parsonage 650

100: — School 325

79: — Nathll Finch 237

3° : — Isaac Sherwood 097

134 : — Phebe & Deborah Barlow 434

58 : — Nathll Perry .101

90:- Mr. Pell.,

: - J"
:- T:


37 : —


no Bennet 254

Thos Lyon 254

Jno Smith 251

Thos Shervington 305

Simon Couch 578

Jno. Andrews r96

Patchin 195

Samll Goodwin 121

B. Fairfield Town Votes, p. 66.

* The order of names in this list is, perhaps, more correct than in any other of the lists of dividend holders in the various divisions of lands. From the Widow Wheeler's long lot at Pequonnock to Joseph Middlebrook's, & in fact, the names of most of the owners of the long lots of the East farmers as far west as the M1le of Common, appear to be perfectly correct in their order of ownership. The addition of new divIdend holders, & of the names of persons who lived on the opposite sides of the main streets of the town, appear to have created nolittle confusion, in giving the exact order of the names of the dividend holders west of the Mile cf Common, as far more received dividends in the two & a half miles on the west side, than those who shared the dividends of the one and a half mile on the east side. The frequent exchange & sale of some of these lots, no doubt, was the cause of the irregularity in the order cf names of the holders of the lots west of the Mile of Common. It must always be remembered that Simon Couch owned the last long lots next to the Norwalk boundary line. Joseph PatchIn did not remain lon^ at Green's Farms, & both his long lot& that of Samuel Goodwin's lay among those east of Couch's & Andrews'. But the order of ownership in this list is very nearly correct. The highways were laid out, & afterwards renewed at a much later date, which will be shown hereafter. It will be well to remember also, that the building-lots had nothing whatever to do with the old home-lots of the first settlers.—Author.

No. XI

Here followeth a list of ye building lots pasture lots, & long-lots granted to ye inhabitants of ye town Jan. 1670-71 & recored Dec. 30. 168I.

  Building Lots. Pastures, Long Lots Yk Breadth
  Acres. 0- Roda. Acres. 0- Rods. Rods. 0- Feet.
Widow Wheeler .... \l 2 I 0 M II 12 09 22 22 "4 "3 oo 6 06 "7 20 27 »5 °9 16 oo e
John Odell 6 10 07 '4 3 ot 06 00 03 02 01 OO 00 I
Sam'll Treadwell 3 3? 13 34 34 34 3° 12 22 oa a 4 so
Isaac Wheeler a a II 08 °9 '7 '7 II °7 oa 02 16 00 00
Mathew Sherwood . . 10 37 18 34 33 23 '5 20 '3 II oa o1 00
Richard Hubbcll II 3 12 26 OI OI OI oo
22 21 14 i 00 00
Michael Fry - 3 3 3 2 oo °7
Ezekiel Sandford o9 "9 °3 22 08 01 14 oo 00
Roger Knap. oi 07 06 a 00 10 03 03 oo 00 03 03
Thomas Morehouse 2 1 °7 05 °5 °3 02 00
Daniel Silliman . ... a Of 03 OI
Thomas Oliver 3 3« 26 01 3a 10 OB OI oa
Nathaniel Seely Sen 11 18 2 I 3 02 30 OI
William Odell Sen '9 00 oa 4 20 12 oo oo »7
Samuel Morehouse 3 '5 ii 08 °3 '5 M 05 II 29 21 07
Tho. Bennet M 0 00 37 00 °7
10 2 14 o1 <5 '5 °7 30 27 7° »5 S3 '9 °9 OB 00 02
Serj. George Squire ." °4 '9 a a s 1 02   oa
Joseph Middlebrook, Sen O2 00 20 08 O2 o: OI
Thomas Jones 00 2 <1 »9 02 =4 02 or OO oo
William HiK 16 o oo 0O OI oo
Mr. Nathan Gold 12 °3 OB 01 II 00
Sarah Wilson 34 2 27 10 04 II II 16 ii oo
12 06 3 o oa oo 03 04
Nathaniel Burr . . . M II '3 10
William Ward Jo I OB II 22 OI OI
3 03 OI a3 24 n oo OI 00
Thomas Wilson 3 00 ol 10 03 oo
08 2 I 28 08 08 08 04 03 28 '3 02
Mr. Josiah Harvey 10 10 06 oo 37 15 M 3 «3 oa
3 o oo O.' 02 OO 00 00 OO 0.'
lohn Bulkley 11 08 03 '7 °9 40 »5 IO
05 26 3 o 03 04 02 22 II 02
Edward Adams 16 20 °3 0-3
a i 02 '3 II 00 04 3' OO
  ol °9 02 OI 21 °3 03 03
Rev Mr: Jones 04 3 o o7 00 01 22 ii 13 00
o3 18 2 °3 OO 3 03 2-1 II 00 28 OS 00 22 '9 00 00 00 05
Mr. Jehu Burr 00
a 3 00 00 00 00 00 OI '5 14 OO 3 ii '5 01 oo oo
Esburn Wakeman 08 I oa
Thomas Skidmore 10 I 3 02 00 12 OO 03
Stephen Hedge 3 o oa CO
Cornelius Hun o I 3 3 05 '4 10 CO oo oo oo
Mr. John Burr , 19 03 OB °3 24 28 30 OO 03
Obediah Gilbert '3 '9 °3 II 00 21 21 02 06 OO 00
Henry Rowland o 03 '5 oo 38 a9 31 20 04
loshua K nowles 21 3 ot 00 '7 10 8 00 34 00
John Cable snr '3 28 3 00 3 oo oo
Richard Orsborn 10 Ol 16 °I 38 '5 »9
Francis Bradley '9 CO 08 03 '5 o 3   oo
Thomas Sherwood '4 '5 o3 II IO 06 00 22 *4 2O   06
Humphrey Hide '3 03 00 02 03 oo 12 a   oo oo oo
John Hide 3 =4 30 IO 7 '3  
Peter Coly 27 °7 II O O 24 15 22   02
  "3 0^ 26 If 10 o I 34 15 '9 a7 18   03
John Cable Jr '7 °3 08 M £   02
TI II 02 OP 3 o 3   oo
James Beers M 10 02 10 i7 22 16   03
Samuel Smith M ti 2 a7   00
  Building Lots. Pastures. Long Lots Ye Breadth
  Acres. g. Rods. Acres. Q. Rods. Rods. Q. Feet.
John Barlow Sr 09 08 06 oo 03 03 06 18 07 °7 37 13 i3   oo oo
Eliezear Smith 22 3
38 IO   00
  10 02 OI   34 3a It   05
  05 21 OO 04 08 11 08 16   00 00 00
  IO OI 22  
  M oo oo oo 37 21 2O II 27 24 30  
  3 IO     oo oo
Daniel Frost 17 15 «s 34 cH 34 »7 a4 04 05 M     oo OO
Robt. Beacham . . , 03 Of 13 10 18 31 03   01
lohn Wheeler 3 15 13 15 oo 11 15 '7 35 07   oo
  Oft 02 Of 00 '3 M 28 23 05   03
Rev. Mr Wakeman 12 02 12 06 °4   03 00
  oo 05     03
School . o 00     00 00
2 2 01 oo 11  
  o oo 08 °9   07
  05 3 28 1t M oo     02 02
  02 I 02 13 08 °3 04 04 04 08 °3 3
Phebe Barlow 03 3 o t 3 3 3   II   o 05
Nathaniel Perry 10   oo   01 Oft OO
    05 06 13
Thomas Pell   oo   10 01 00 00 02 00
  05 °5 17 04 16 16 29 °9 02
    3 OO
  0   '3 °3 04 05 02 oa 16 06 oa
  2 00 OS
    3 o 16 »9 o9 oo  
    o 00 00 22 10 oo °7
  03 29 04 03 00

B. Fairfield Town Votes, pp. 67, 68. No. XII

March ye 10t h 1681/2 The Town by vote declare y' ye old Indian-field shall be forthwith divided to ye Inhabitants y' have right to divide according to ye Lists of Estates, ye Greatest part of yc Comons having been divided.

A List of ye Lots for yc old Indian field drawn this 22? March 1681/2.

88 Widow Wheeler
80 Goodman Halls' farm
68 Jos. Whelplie
73 Jno. Odell

52 Sam" Treadwell
59 Isaac Whee'er
33 James Bernct

21 Math. Shenvood
94 Michl Try
26 Eze. Sanford
67 R. Knap
64 Tho. Morchouse

53 D. Selleman
01 T. Oliver

78 N. Scly

47 Will" Odell

44 SamH Morchouse

48 Ensigne Turny
40 Thomas Bennct
63 1. Tom son

77 Sergt Squire
87 Jos. Middlcbrook
oo S Jones
Willm Hill



7 Majr Gold

13 Jas. Rowland
89 Benj° Turny
12 N. Burr
a0 W. Hawley
27 D. Burr
15 Moses Dimon
36 T. Wilson
23 Mr. Harvy
56 Wid? Bulkley
39 Jno Bulkley

9 T. Staples
74 Ed. Adams
69 Jno. Grumon
02 Robt. Meaar

4 Mrs.Jones
19 Jah Gray
42 Mr. John Burr

32 Jno. Banks

76 Ez. Wakeman
30 T. Skidmore
58 Steph. Hedges
55 Cor. Hull

32 Mr. Jno. Burr
71 O. Gilbert

35 Jos. Jennings

79 H Rowland

84 Jos. Knowles
75 Jno. Cable Senr
57 R. Osburn

45 Francis Bradley

37 T. Sherwood
86 Hum. Hide
i1 Ino. Hide

60 P. Colec

82 P. Clapham
18 Jno. Knowles

61 Jno. Sturgis

54 Jno. Cable Junr

65 Dan'1 Lockwood
43 James Beers

91 Sam" Drake

38 Ino. Applegate
14 Sam" Smith

5 Jno. Barlow Senr
49 Eleza Smith

85 Rob. Rumsie
72 Sam" Ward

66 R. Oeden

11 Jos. Lockwood
1 Dan". Frost

3 Jno. Green 1o R Beachem (a Jno. Wheeler »8 Henrich Henrichson 51 R. Lyon 41 Mr. Wakeman

83 George Squire Junr
20 Parsonage
17 School
50 Mr. Finch
70 P. Barlow
6 N. Perry

16 Jno. Bennet
25 Jno. Smith
2 T. Shervington

7 S. Couch
- ' ,. And

. Patchin

46 Jno. Andrews
8 Jos. I


Dividend Of Old Indian Field
10. Feb. 1682 3

B. Town Votes, p. 70.






1 Danll. Frost

2 Tho. Shervington

4 Mrs. Jones

5 Jno. Barlow, Senr

6 Nathll. Perry

7 Simon Couch

8 Patching

9 Tho. Staples

10 R. Beachem

11 Jas. Lockwood

c2 Nathll Burr

13 Jas. Rowland

14 Samll. Smith

15 Moses Dimon

16 Jno. Bennet

17 School

18 Jno. Knowles

19 Jacob Gray

20 Hawly

21 Nath Sherwood

22 Ino. Burr

23 Mr. Harvy

24 Jno. Barlow, Junr

25 Jno. Smith

26 Eze. Sanf ord

27 D. Burr

28 Hendrick

29 Parsonage

30 Thomas Skidmore

31 Jno Hide

32 Jno. Banks 1

33 James Bennet

34 Samll. Morehouse 1

33 Jas. Jennings

36 Tho. Wilson

37 Tho. Sherwood

38 Jno. Applegate o

39 Ino. Bulkley

40 Tho. Bennet

41 Mr. Wakeman

42 Mr. Jehu Burr

43 James Beers

44 Willm. Hill

45 Francis Bradley

46 Jno. Andrews

47 Willm. Oiell

48 Ensign Turny

49 Eleaz. Smith

50 Nath. Finch

51 R. Lyon

52 Samll. Treadwell






4 14 '3

'7 '9








53 D. Silliman

54 Jno. Cable

56 Wid. Kulkley

57 R. Osburn

58 Ste. Hedge

59 Isaac Wheeler

60 Peter Colee

61 Jno. Sturgis

62 Jno. Wheeler





c3 14


4 4 '3






63 Jos. Whelplie

64 Tho. Morehouse

65 Danll Lockwood

66 Rich Ogden

67 Roger Knap

68 Jno. Thompson

69 jno. Grummon

70 Phebee Barlow

71 Wid. Gilbert

72 Samll.Ward

73 Jno. OJcll

74 Ed. Adams

75 I no. Cable Senr

76 Ez. Wakeman

77 Serg't Squire

78 Nath: Scfy

79 Henry Rowland

80 Halls' Farm

82 Peter Clapham

83 George Squire Junr

84 Jos. Knowles

85 R. Rumsie

86 Hum. Hide

87 Jos. Middlebrook

87 Major Gold

88 Wid. Wheeler

89 Benjn. Turny

oo Tho. Jones o

91 Samll. Drake

92 R. Meacar

93 Tho. Oliver

94 Mr. Try


4 is M






4 '5

4 13 to




B. Town Votes, p. 73.

A list of ye Lots at Compo neck, both ye Divisions, ye first division is 3 Rods per pound ye Second division is 5 Rods pr pound, and is as followeth 1682.



First Division.

Acres. Quarters. Rds.

Second Division.




=34 03?






?3 262




.Widow Wheeler

.Halls Farm.

Joseph Whelplcy

no Odell

.Samll. Treadwell

. Isaac Wheeler.,

James Bennet

tfath w Sherwood.

.Rich. Hubll.

.Henry Jackson

.Michael Fry ,.

.Ez. Sandford

. Ropcr Knap

.Tho. Morehouse

.Dan. Silliman

.Tho. Oliver

.Nathll. Sely. Senr

.Willm. Odell. Senr

.Samll. Morehouse.

. Ensign Robt. Turny

.Tho. Bennet

. J no. T nmspn

.Sergt. Squire

.Jos'Middlebrook, Sr

.Tho. Jones

.Willm. Hill

.Nathn. Gold

,Sarah Wilson, now Roland

3 31

o 26 29



28 29 '9 *4 39

IJ 3!

a5 \l

37 37


6 33 35 5 39 =5

Lots. Estates.     First Division. Second Division.
        Acres. Quarters. Rods. Acres. Quarters. Rods.
S 80 192 oo 4 . .Ben. Turny ....Nathll. Burr Eben. Hawley ....Danll. Burr 1 1 3 1 a 1 18 34 1? 30 30 11 '9 I 2 a O 0 t '3 30 13
3 16 o 2 6 6 3
2 12 O O 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
»4 3 o 3
3 1S 7 90 Tho. Wilson 1 2 2 10
i75 '37 M3 M7 '77 347 220 Stephen Sherwood 2 2 2 2 I 0 I 2 3 2 0 I 2 I 3 3 3 IS
6 4 4 4 4
S I ....Widow Wilson 2 I 2 O 2
57 o Jno. Bulkley ....Tho. Staples Ed. Adams 6 4 3 32 I 21 14 2 10 15
8 4 6 o 6 5 3 l 21 34 35
'9° 0 0 Rob. Meacar Mrs. Jones Jacob Gray a o o o
E 3 o o 2 I 2 37 2
4 14 1 3 ,i
5 "3 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 22 3 7 7 2
02* 0 12   4 2 2 3 10
46 H a Ez. Wakeman 4 12 2 20
1 a 25 I I II 2 3 o  
55 '33 93 16 ....Ste. Hedge .Lieut: Cor: Hull 2 I 4 4 3 4 5 3 2 4 3 3 3 2 4 Z
»9 9° 3 c4 M 3 3 i 3
T 265 Jno. Burr ....Obed. Gilbert 2 2 I 'I
185 12 O O O o 3 37 37 8 3°
  0 Joshua Jennings Henry Rowland Joshua Knowles , I 5 7 9 3
  »54 o 3 2 3 o
  290 0 I 3° 17 14 10
18 94 40 '79 '33 o o Jno. Cable, Senr Rich. Osburn I 2 5 2 2 1t
o 4 20
254 196 o 18 o o o 3 2 30 ! 3 o 30 »4 1o
1 I Tho. Sherwood 2 8 6 5 4 3 5 5 7 4 2 I
210 o Hum. Hide 3 36
'75 129 188 .85 170 238 '54 M7 194 080 040 '38 4 0 2 1 1 o 28 1o 34 S
4 o o o   O
Peter Clapham Jno. Knowles Jno. Sturgis — Jno. Cable, Junr. Danll. Lockwood a 3 3 4 37 35 3' 34 2
0 1 3
4 o 0 0 I II
9* 0 I ' 3 30
07 0 10 10 o o 2 2 3 3 10 1o
1 79 o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o ....Samll. Drake Jno. Applegate Samll. Smith Jno. Barlow, Senr Jno. Barlow. Junr Eleaz. Smith 3 2 2 I 24 i 2 12 8 o o o *3 o
o o 1 0 2 I 2 I
90 4 S1 19 0 2 3 o
12 2 I M 4 3 3 I
y 120 122 091 M1 O/I 1O 12 IO 0 2 2 I 2 1 2 I 1 8 4 23 '5 2 3 3 3 1 o 1 o 11
84 16 13 8 (no. Tompkins Samll Ward 2 2 4 »5
'9 I 2 1 2 3
93 '39 229 181 a19 207 179 308 162 247 206 040 Rich. Ogden Jos. Lockwood . .Danll Frost 4 3 4 3 3 5 3 4 3 o 1 4 7 5 2
69 4   24 39 I 2 38
100 IO I I I 2 2 0 2 I I I 0
53 59 54 70 3 Jno. Green .... Robt. Beachem 3 I 22 *9 H
IO 5 9 5
18 o Hendrick Henderson Rich. Lyons Mr. Wakeman 3 o 6 6 a4
39 38 2i 0 0 2 2I 1 35 3a 3 o
5 o 3 3 3 3 i9
IO 0 0 0 0 0 0 0   2 O 2O I
200 ZOO oo oo Nathll Finch . ... 3 6 3 20
I 079 030 037 0 Isaac Sherwood Samll. Goden Phe: & Deb Barlow   I 2 2 2 0 2 I I I 2 I 2 0 37 2 O I 35 3o 28
99 o   IO 3 o o
£ 0 0 0   3' I 4
Isl ....Nathll. Perry ....Mr. Pell   i
35 058 o o o   M 3° 34 34 34 39 M 33 so I 2 3 3 10 10
12 4' 090 o o  
'5 27 078 078 078 o o Tho. Lyon ....Jno. Smith Tho. Shervington   2 2 1 1 1 3 3° 30 30 »5 1o
0 0   2
21 °»2 o o o o   a
'7 178 0 0 0 Tno. Andrews Jos: Patchin   S 2 15
ii 091   a 3 3
060 0   I 2O

B. Town Votes, p. 76, 77. XV

Know all men by these presents that wee whose names are hereunto written, being true proprietors of a neck of land, commonly called wolfs pit neck within ye bounds of Fayfield towne, & being resolved to make sale of ye same, wee therfore ye subscribers hereunto have sold, & doe by these presents sell, alienate & set over from us, & from our heirs, executors & administrators forever to Major Nathan Gold, Mr. Jehue Bur, & Mr. John Wheeler, in ye behalf of ye rest of ye allowed inhabitant of ye town of Fairfield, such as were allowed deuiders of lands & to their heirs forever, for a vauabell consideration to us secured to be payd, a parcell of land, being a neck of land within ye township of Fairfield as above mentioned called wolf's (wolve's) Pit neck, bounded on Stratford dividing- line on ye north-east, on ye other side with ye land of ye inhabitants of ye aforesaid Fair- field ; wee ye sd. subscribers have sold to ye said Major-Nathan Gold, Mr. Jchue Bur, & Mr. John Wheeler for ye ves of ye town aforesaid, the aforesaid mentioned neck of land, all our interest & propriety of land thar forever, to enioy as thar owne propor land, without let or molistation from us or from ours, & do affirm ourselves, to have good right to sell the same, it being a parcell of land sequestered by Court for our ves & improvement, & doe fully acquit ye town of Fayrfield forever not to challang or lay claim to ye aforesaid, as witness our hands February the eleventh 1685 ; wee ye above sayd subscribers doe by these presents fully acquit & discharge ye afoarsayd town of Fayrfield from all manner of claims, demands & rights of land within ye town of Fayrfield, or ves of any land of them to plant or any other ves, either from us or from our heirs forever, witness our hands ye day above,

The mark of X Pennmscot. The mark of X Kahaco

The mark of X Pasoroimpom. The mark of X Shaganoset

The mark of X Machoka The mark of X Old Anthony

Atunk'i daughter. The mark of X Pascoy

The mark of X Pony The mark of X Juterpretar

The mark of X Matamke
SIgned in presence of

Nathanial Paine
Thomas T. W. Williams,
his mark

The above deed of sale was owned by ye several Indians whose names are subscribed thereto, to be thar free act the II. Feb. 1685 before Jehu Bur

The above is a true copy of the originall recorded this 31. May 1686 by me

Nathan Gold Recorder It is to be noted ye deed of which this is a copy, is on file with ye county clerk.*

Indian Deed Of Highway Across Goldt.n Hill.

Whereas it is complained yt there is no allowed highway for passing & repassing of Inglish not endians, from ye highway between Fayrfield & Stratford into ye endian field called Golden Hill, it being as is informed partaining to both John Beardsley, ytt land whear it is thought meet & convenient sd highway shall be, ye endians of Golden Hill earnestly desiring a highway be layd out there or near there, whear ye path lyeth from Samuel Gregorie's across ye Indian Field yt goeth towards Stratford, & being very con-

* A. Fairfield Town Deeds p. 661.

venient also for ye Inglish for egress & regress thare, as occasion may bee, upon which consederation it is agreed firmly by these presents, by & between both John Beardsley of Stratford & ye Indians belonging or partaining to Golden Hill aforesayd, in bounds of Stratford:

That a highway shall be staked out two rods broad at ye fence, whare the path goeth into sd Beardlie's ground, leading to ye Indian Field or land tharr, & to hold ye same bredth till it come to ye endian land, & this being so laid out thare as ye path now goeth so to remain highway forever, for free passage for Inglish & Endians, for whose carts & foot as occasion may be, ye highway hath its entrance into ye sd Beardsly's land, leading to sd. Endian-field a little east of Samuel Gregrorie's hous, whear he now luii th whear ye path abouesaid is, & sd highway is bounded south-east with ye land of Leeft. John Beardslie's aforesaid, on the north-west with ye land of Henry Summars, which highway is to remain for yt ves, as aboue for-euver, without any let or claim or molestation from ye sd John or any by or vndar him ; & in consideration of ye aboue grant of sd. highway by said John, his heirs executors & administrators & assigns, we ye Endians foresaid partaining to said Golden Hill do give and grant alienate, asigne, & set ouer from us, our heirs executors & administrators & assigns, onto ye aboue said John Beardsley & his heirs forever, peacably to have & hold without any let, claim, or molestation from us, our heirs or any of us, or any by, from, or vunder us, at any time hear after, but quietly to possess & enjoy ye same & every part of ye vunder written land, being a parsell or bouge of lowland or rockey medow, with sum parts of hard-land, to ye quantity of about two acres more or less ; sd. land is bounded on ye South with ye fence parting ye Inglish & ye Endian land theare, & northarly, bounded on ye path going throw ye field, on all other sides with ye Endian land ; & for confirmation of this as thare unto, all agreement ye parties, aboue mentioned, haue set to thar hands, with promises yt sd. John be not so molested as to haue ye land taken away from him or his, if so it be, then this to be void & of none effect, witness our hands this 8. of June 1686. signed and delieured in presence of vs witnesses,

Nathan Gold, Sr. Saacus X his mark.

Samuel Morehouse. Pascot X his mark.

John Beardsley Pony X his mark.

Wowompom X his mark. Roben X his mark.

Panomscot X his mark.

It is to be noted yt. ye. sd. two acres of land mentioned, lyeth in ye Endian land in Golden Hill.

The Endians signing, & John Beardsley's hand acknowledged ye aboue agreement to bee thar act, & deed in Fairfield, this 8. of June 1686 before me,

Nathan Gold Assistant.

This is aboue copye of'ye original, compared & recorded this 8. June 1686 by me,

Nathan Gold, Recorder.
A. Town Deeds p. 519.

Bankside Lands

Whereas ye town of Fayrfeild ded grant formarly to ye west farmars belonging to Fayrfeild a deuesion of a parsell of land, Commonly called a hors pastuer, & y' in cas ye sd farmars could not agree to deuide ye sd pastuer amongst them Selues y' then mai'. Gold Mr., John Bur & Sargant John Wheeler ware apointed to detirmine ye way of deuision of Sd land, but ye Sd farmars haueing agreed about ye deuision of Sd land & layd it out : we ye sayd presons apointed to determin Consarning y« deuision of Sd land, doe See Caus to aproue of y' deuision allredy made among them Selues, except anny mistak in measuering. June ye 8th 1687.

That this is our agreement or conclusion, wee haue hearunto set our hands.

Nathan Gold John Bur John Wheeler Recorded this loth of Octobar 1687 by mee, Nathan Gold Recorder.


Wee, whos names are vndar written, being impovured & oppointed by ye Generoll Court in May ye i6th 1687 to set out unto ye inhabitants of ye Bankeside such proportions of lands as become due to them by natue of y' agreement with ye town of Fayrfield to each man by proportion we make retern as followeth.

As comparing ye lands within fence, which is commonly called ye horse pasture which y" formerly inioyed, we find they haue deuided themseues to thar good satisfaction as Daniel Frost, Joseph Lockwood, Robert Beacham, John Green, Simon Croutch. It is to be noated yt deuesion of land in ye hors pasture yt was so set out to Robert Beacham & Joseph Lockwood, shall remain good to them, if ye sd Beacham & Lockwood signe to ye agreement yt was made with ye town, bearing date ye 29. June 1666. As for ye remainder of ye gained, so called, being within ye sd fence, wee have set out to each man his proportion as followeth :

First: wee haue laid out to ye estate of Daniel Frost deceased & to his sucksesors fiue acres anexed, to ye meadow of John Andrews, westward, to ly next to Frost; we have laid out to Joseph Lockwood as he is sucksessor to Henry Grey deceased, fiue acres if ye sd Lockwood signe to ye agreement, yt was made with ye town of Fayrfield June ye 29. 1666 : 3dly, next to Joseph Lockwood, wee haue layd out to John Green fiue acres lying by ye main creeke, except one small piece nearer hoam, hee to haue a highway a rod wide, in some conuenient place through ye sd Lockwood's meadow to come to his own.— 4thly next to John Green we haue lay'd out to Robert Beacham fiue acres, as hee is sucksessor to Thomas Newton deceased, if ye sd Beacham sign to ye agreement yt was made with ye towne Fayrfield June 29t h 1666. . . 5thly, Next to Robart Beacham wee haue layd out to Simon Croutch, as he is successor to Frances Andrews deceased fiue acres, and last after Coutch wee haue layed out fiue acres to ye fiue farmers aboue mentioned, to each of ym an equal proportion which they may call plasteds if they pleas.

Thus wee haue layd out ye sd land & meadow, to each man his proportion according to order. September ye 6th : 1687

John Bur John Wheeler y>

Thomas Wilson fT

Ephraham Nichols
Thomas Jones
Samuel Morehouse

This is a true copy of Ye originall, recorded & compared this 14. Sep. 1687, by mee, Nathan Gold—Recorder


At a town meeting of ye inhabitants of Kairfi eld yc 6th of Ap" 1688, ye Sd Town ordered ye Pauls neck & ye reedy ponds & ye Swamp and ye half mile ofComon, lying between ye^J>uilding & pasture Lots, So called long Since laid out, & two mile & half of ye mile of Con1on it to ly lengthwayes, all which to be forthwith laid out to ye Rightfull dividers, & those if any y' Shall be admitted to divide wt h ym, to be laid out In manner following, one lot to be drawn for all Said Divisions by Each Dividor for his part, & to begin & go on in Each Division till ye whole is finished—Large high wayes to be left round Pauls neck, & to begin to lay out Sd Lots at ye north-east End, one, two, three in order till ye whole is Run out—ye Swamp pond Reeds ye laying out ye same to begin by an highway to be laid out by Jn° Bulkley's Ditch, one, two, three till all is Run out y' buts against ye burying hill, this tear to run through quite across ye hassuky ground there, & ye Remaining part of ye Swamp & hassuks to be fronted on ye high way, to be laid out between ye front of Nathan Gold & Will™ Reed, & ye rest of ye meadow y' lies against ye Swamp there, & ye sd Swampy Land to begin in this tear on the north east Side of Said Land by Nathan Golds Ditch, & So in order till all that is Run out, & to rear it on ye tear butting against ye burying place & ye ponds, Reeds & hassuks; y' land lying below ye Cart way over ye Swamp, ye Lots to run across Sd Land, buting at Each End South west & north East on an high way, which high waye are to be in ye measure of Each Lot. Sd high way is for men to come at y' Land for to bring of their hay, & other needfull occasions there, to begin ye laying out this tear next ye Sd Cart way, so in order till ye tear is run out at ye beach, & ye remainder of y' Land wch lyeth on ye South East of \athan Gold's meadow wch Land is to front on ye beach & rear on Nathan Gold's meadow. & to begin to lay it out by ye high way y' goes down from ye Cart way y' goes over ye Swamp on yc South west Side of Sd Tear last laid out, y' runs to ye beach, & So logo on in order till all y0 Lots are laid out. A Liberty is reserved for draining said Swamp & ponds in all necessary places for draining & measure, is to be allowed for Said drains, & when ye major part of ye proprietors Shall agree to drain Sd Swamp and ponds, those of Sd Dividors y' will neither help their part in draining, nor pay for y' parts doing, Shall forfeit y' parts to ye rest of ye Dividors. Jn° Wakeman & Tho« Wilson to lay out Sd Swamp land. & Dann Burr & Eliphelet Hill to lay out Pauls neck—on ye 9th of Ap" 1688 by reason of Mr. Dan" Burr's absence, yc Townsmen appoint Thos Wilson, Jn° Wakeman, & Eliphelet Hill to lay out ye Swamp & Pauls neck.

B. Fairfield Town Votes, p. 81. No. XX

Here followeth ye Divisions of Pauls neck to ye Several Dividors in 1688, wth y' order of lying.

Rods. Feet. Inches.   Rods. Feet. Inches.
Jno. Green 3 o 1 a 1 6 o a 1 o 2 0 1I Humphry Hide 16 16 16 m '7 3 3 6 11 7
  8 o 12 13 Robt. Beachem
School 26 M   5 a 6 8 I 6
Mr. Samuel Wakeman... Jno. Cable Junr Sergt. Rich: Hubbell.... Sergt. George Squire.... 9 *9 14 29 24 14 10 0 15  
o 6 16 Peter Coly.. . 12 0
6 o \l Jos Whelplie 3 8 3 0 0 o 9 6
Parsonage. ... *9 Samll Godwin 6 o
T 20
Rods. Feet. Inches. Rods. Feet. Inches.
Sergt Samll Ward     6 64 Sarah Wilson   8 6
Michael Try 16 8 6 65 Samll Smith ,8    
26 8 6 67 Cornelius Hull      
    6   68 Thomas Wilson.      
        69 John Sturgis   8 6
Tho Oliver           8  
Widow Wheeler   8 6 71 Willm Odell      
Sam 1 l^Tred wel 1   o 73 Rich Osburn 8    
Hall's farm     6        
Mr Danll Burr     6 75 John Applegate.      
Tho. Lyon 6 6 6 77 Danll. Frost      
  I   78 Tho. Bennet      
Jps. Middlebrook   6 79 Jno. Hide. . .      
Tho. Staples       80 Nathll. Finch   8 6
Jps Patenin   6 6 81 Jno, Smith      
Math. Sherwood     6 83 Jos. Lockwood . . .      
Sergt. Jno. Wheeler. .   16   84 Nathll. Burr 18    
Joshua Knowles     9 85 Stephen Hedges     6
Willm Hill..   16   86 Tho. Sherwood      
Willm Ward       87 Isaac Wheeler . 18 8  
Capt. Robt. Turny   8 6   a 6
      89 Obed G1lbert .   g 6
Danll Silleman           8 6
Robt. Rumsie   8 6 94 Frances Bradley. .   8  
Phebc & Deb*Barlow. . . . 1   6     5
Nathll Perry     06 Ben. Turny. . . ' g 6
  8 8 97 Nathll. Sely.    
Jno. Barlow Junr       98 Jno. Bulkley 6   6
Rich, Ogden   8   too Widow Bulkey 5   6
John Bcnnet   8 6      
John Odcll 'i 8          
Nathan Gold            
Mr Pell g            

B. Town Votes, p. 24.


Here followeth ye Lots as they are laid out In ye wolf Swamp before ye Town, with ye Reed ponds & hassucks, ye order of y' lying as on ye other Side of this leaf, being yc Same with Pauls neck, with ye number of rods in ye margent of both Sd wolf Swamp & Reeds & Pauls neck, pertaining to Each Dividor or proprietor laid out in 1688 : according to an order of yetown, dated ye6th of Ap"1688. also ye distinct number of rods Each p'son has set on y right hand of Each name as to yeS'1 Swamp, reeds & hassuck.

Rods.   Rods. Feet. Inches. Rods. Rods. Feet. Inches.
    84     86 Robt Beachem     0
I i8 School 38   6 fir Simon Couch K 8  
08 Mr Samll Wakeman     IIS   9*    
          87 Roger Knap      
  Sergt Rich- Hubbell 116       Jps Whefplie      
    si       Tho. Jones      
  Parsonaee , oo 0 17 Samll. Goodwin 14 o o

Rods   Rods. Feet. Inches. Rods.   Rods. Feet. Inches .
£ 9« 138 28 Sergt Samll Ward 54 8 6 o o 94 Frances Bradley 77 aa 0 0 0 o o o o o
I O 27 Mrs. Jones
Michel Fry o 39 128 Ben. Turney 32 103
0 0 Nathll. Sely 9
  16 o o o 39 34 John Bulkly 3 0
54 39 HI 5» M 69 228   0 Jno. Tompkins. . , o 0
  0 o I! 105 Widow Bulkly 58 0 0* o
Widow Wheeler 9i 42 o o 6 o o o o o 0 Jno. Knowles 66 85 47 39 3° 35 191 '*> 0
samll Treadwell [saac Sherwood Jno Odell o Hall's farm o o o o
12 0 59 48 3« 37 Mr Danll. Burr o o o
Nathan Gold.... Mr Pell ,io6 II o
0 Jno. Andrus 0 o o
? Sarah Wilson o 112 Jos. Middlebrook Tho. Staples o
63 54 75 95 45 0 1 60 28 0 0
93 12:>   0 0 o o o o Jos. Patcnin I! o o o o
  $ 49 Tho Morehouse Senr Lieut. Math: Sherwood... Serfft. John Wheeler Joshua Knowles Willm Hill...". 0
56 "4 45 45 45 124 39 Tl o Wilson o o 6 o
  38* H 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 lao 0
Willm Odell 87 103 Willm Ward S o o o o 0
  100 o 6 o o o o 6 3 o o o o o o o o o I? Robt. Turny o o o o o
  32 0 g Izbon Wakeman rc G
20   16 o Tosiah Harvey o o o
66   54 °94 55 5° 32 32 53 7' 75 0 72 49 Jno. Cable ', 59 4° 30 55 °55
3   o o o Danll. Silleman 0
Tho. Bennet & Henry Hendrickson Robt. Rumsie 0 o o
62 Nathll Finch . 66 Phebe & Deborah Barlow. Nathll. Perrv o o o 0
39 0 0 0
% 88 93 46 95 96 124 Tho Skid more »9 119 60 no 37 "3 23« o
T T It oorf I no. Barlow Junr s 0 0
Nathll Burr o Rich: Ogden 85 o o o o
0 Ino. Bennet 0
  ,11 78 o o o Samll Morehouse 3° 9' o
  fno. Tomson ' 0 0
  25 Eze. Sanford 20 o o
  100 0 8 fames Bennet 51 0 0 0 0
3 Obediah Gilbert 73 0 o 56 o
Hephen Sherwood o 0 Q 9 9 Jno. Morehouse 7 0
£     0 o Jonathn Morehouse 7 7 o o o
    o 0 0
4*   tf t1 o          

B. Town Votes p. 93.


Here follows a draught of ye Lots for Pauls' neck & ye wolf Swamp & reedy ponds, & yc two half mile of Comon, & two miles in length of ye mile of Cofnon, more fully appearing in an order of ye town dated ye 6'h of Ap" 1688., & y' each divider Should draw one Lot for his part of Said Divisions.

Widow Wheeler 28

Halls' Farm 31

Jos. Whelplie 18

Jno. Odell 61

Samll. Treadwell 29

Isaac Wheeler 87

Tames Bennet 102

Mathw. Sherwood 40

Rich: Hubll 07

Henry Jackson 3

Michael Fry 23

Ezll. Sanford 101

Roger Knap 16

Thos. Morehouse 39

Danll. Silleman 49

Thos. Oliver 27

Nathll. Sely . 97

Willm. Odell ?.

Samll. Morehouse 58

Robt. Turny 45

Thos. Bennet 78

Serjt. Squire 8

Jos. Middlebrook 36

Tho. Jones... .19

Willm. Hill 43

Nathan Gold 62

Sarah Wilson 64

Ben Turny 96

Nathll. Burr 84

Willm. Ward 44

Danll. Burr 33

Moses Dimon 93

Tho. Wilson 68

Stephen Sherwood 90

Mr Harvy 47

Widow Bulkley 100

Jos. Bulklv 98

Tho. Staples 37

Edward Adams 92

Jno. Grummon 66

Robt. Meacar 32

Mrs. Jones 95

iacob Gray 26

ehu Burr 54

no. Banks 13

sburn Wakeman 40

Tho. Skidmore 82

Stephen Hedge 85

Cor. Hull 67

Jno. Burr a

Obed Gilbert 80

Joshua Jennings 88

Henry Rowland 24

Joshua Knowls 42

Jno. Cable Senr 48

Rich Osborne 73

Frances Bradly 04

Tho. Sherwood 66

Goodman Hide 79

Peter Coly 17 Peter Clapham »

Jno. Knowles 30

Jno. Sturgis 69

Jno. Cable Junr 6

Danll. Lockwood 9

James Beers Qi

S .mil Drake 74

Jno. Aplegate 75

Samll. Smith 65

Jno. Barlow Senr 76

Jno. Barlow Junr 55

Eleaz Smith 72

Root. Rumsie 51

Tompkins 99

Samll. Ward at

Rich.Ogden 56

Jos. Lockw 83

Danll. Frost 77

Jno. Green 01

Robt. Bcachem 12

Jno. Wheeler 41

Hendrich Henderson 50

Mr. Wakeman 05

George Squire Junr 25

Parsonage zo

School 04

Finch So


Isaac Sherwood

Samll. Godwin

Febe & Deb Barlow.

Nathll. Perry

Mr Pell.

Jno. Bennet

Tho. Lyon

Jno. Smith

Tho. Sherwington...

Simon Couch

Jno. Andrus


Jno. Tomson


20 5*

7° 14

B. Town Votes, p. 92.

Here followeth ye names of ye freemen allowed by ye Townsmen of Fairfield, & Sworn this i&* of March 1689 90.

Robt Rumsie *

Samll Drake *

Jos. Bastard * .

Samll Robinson *

Epm. Nickols *

Jno. Wakeman *

Jno. Sturgis junr

Nathan Gold junr.

Elipht Hill *

Samll. Squire *

Samll. Adams

Abram Adams

Nathll. Burr Junr*

Jose : Seelcy *

Jno. Wheeler

Willm Hill

Tho. Willson *

James Neuton *

las. Beers *

John Whetlock *

Samll Hub'll"

Willm. Reed

Benjn. Banks *

Jno. Odell Junr

Jacob Gray *

Jno. Osburn Sworn ye »7th March


Mr Charles Chauncey *
Mr Peter Burr
Jos: Phippeny
Jnn. Sturgis
Samll. Couch
Simon Couch
Jno. Edwards
George Squire *
Inn. Squire
Rich Lyon
Serjt. Ma: w Sherwood *

Tim: Wheeler
Rich: Hubbll
Samll Gregory *
Theoph : Hull *
Jos : Sturgis
Moses Dimon
Thadus Burr
Ephrm Burr
Jehu Burr
David Treadwell
Benjn. Banks
Jno Hide Senr
Jas. Beers
Samll. Bradley Senr
Jacob Gray
Peter Sturgis
Samll. Osburn
Hen : Rowland
Samll. Hall
Davd Sherman
James Bennet
Jno. Burr
Giddcon Allin
Jos. Jennings
Mr. Jos. Webb
Samll. Cable *
Moses Dimon
Samll. Wheeler *
Ino. Smith
Samll. Treadwell
Robt. Silleman
Samll. Odell
Danll. Morehouse
Lieut. Jos. Wakeman
Abell Bingham *

ino. Treadwell
no. Darling
no. Barlow *

Samll. Smcdley

Jno. Downs

Jno. Osburn

Jacob Patchin

Tho. Sanford

The Revd. Danll Chapman.

James Sely

Jno. Wheeler

Robt. Turny

David Sturgis

Tho. Turny

Andrew Burr

Tho. Couch

Danll. Adams

Peter Bulkly

Thos. Disbrow

George Hull

Peter Coly

Benjn. Gilbert

Samll. Gold

Samll. Couch Junr

Jos. Wakeman

Jos. Darling

Jos. Crane

Davd Hubll

Eleazcr Sturgis

Nathll. liurr Junr

Ebenz. Dimon

Jno. Barthram

Capn. Mathw Sherwood

Jno. Odell Senr

Ens. Isaac Wheeler *

Lieut. James Bennet *

Samll. Morehouse

Samll. Treadwell Senr

Tho. Jones

Jno. Bulkley *

Benjn. Fairweather

B. Town Votes, p. 89.

























William sould have been about 14 in 1850, so it's possible he spend some time with

291 RODOLPHUS EDWARD' NORTHROP (Joel*, Amos*, Amos", Samuel*, Joseph1), b. Nov. 2, 1797, Branford, Conn. ; m., 1st, May 28, 1828, Harriet P. Wells, of New Haven (b. 1808; d. March 23, 1831). They had 2 s., who lived but a few hours. M., 2d, Apr. 4, 1832, Martha Jane (b. Oct. 8, 1812 ; d. June 16, 1882), dau. of Daniel Brown, of New Haven. Resided in New Haven. Carpenter and carver. D. 1860. Children all by 2d marriage:

i Mary Elizabeth7, b. Feb. 10, 1833; m. July 28, 1856,

Henry H. Wellman. ii Harriet Phoebe, b. Jan. 4, 1835 ; m. March 3, 1859,

Robert Treat Merwin. iii Edward Alphonso Brown, b. March 20, 1838; m. June

13, 1860, Victoria Maria (b. Oct. 12, 1838), dau. of Elizur E. and Sarah M. Clarke, of New Haven, where they reside. Have 1 child,

Lilla Martha, b. Jan. 24, 1862, a teacher, who m. Oct. 2, 1890, at Newtown, Conn., Albert Lathrop, of Topeka, Kan.

They have Alberta Northrop, b. July 31, 1891.

They reside at Topeka.

Joseph was also a wood carver

678 JOSEPH7 NORTHROP (Thomas', Joseph*, Job4, Thomas3, William1, Joseph1),^ Dec. 31,1833; m. Mary Porter Sperry. Wood carver. Resides at New Haven, Conn.
850 i Joseph Walter8, b. July 8, 1860; m. 1883.
ii Mary J., b. Jan. 24, 1862. Dressmaker, New Haven.

iii Ella E., b. Jan. 2, 1865. School teacher, New Haven.

M. 1890 ; d. 1892.
iv Florence Adeline, b. Feb. 10, 1867. School teacher, New Haven. M. 1896.
v Martha Amy, b. Nov. 10, 1869 ; m. 1890.
vi G. Frank, b. Oct. 18, 1872; d. Jan. 26, 1895.

david also a carpenter

188 JOHN" NORTHROP (John4, John3, Jeremiah1, Jo- teph1), b. Aug. 2,1772, Newtown, Conn., and resided there; was a farmer ; m. Nabby Baldwin (b. Dec. 20, 1771, and d. Dec. 24, 1869), dau. of Daniel and Abigail (Northrup) Baldwin. He d. Jan. 28, 1886.

i Nanny6, b. Sept. 27, 1796 ; m. Feb. 20, 1815, Oliver Northrup, s. of Alanson. Oliver d. Nov. 25, 1835.

ii John В., b. Oct. 27,1799 ; d. May 2,1835 ; unmarried.

iii Alonzo, b. Dec. 12, 1803; farmer; m., 1st, Jan. 17, 1840, Mary Ann Skidmore (d. Aug. 24, 1854, aged 44) ; m., 2d, 1860, widow Almira Sherman, who d. Aug. 15, 1882. He d. Aug. 30, 1881. No children.

iv Nelson, b. Sept. 26, 1805; tailor; m. Oct. 28, 1836, widow Abigail Walker (d. May 6, 1862, aged 70) ; he d. Feb. 6, 1889. No children.

v David, b. July 21,1810 ; combmaker and carpenter ; m. Dec. 26, 1836, Sarah Emily (b. July 15, 1819—living in 1889), dau. of Samuel Johnson, of Newtown. He d. Nov. 12, 1883. No children.


147 ALANSON' NORTHROP (Benjamin*, Benjamin", Jeremiah3, Joseph1), b. Sept. 24, 1765, Newtown, Conn. Carpenter and builder. M. Apr. 18, 1792, Lydia (d. Jan. 9, 1860, aged 87), dau. of Eliphalet and Rebekah (Baldwin) Hull, of Newtown; d. there Apr. 18, 1812—thrown from a horse. 828 i Oliver", b. Aug. 24, 1798; m. Nanny Northrop.

824 ii Cyrenus, b. Oct. 24, 1795.
825 iii Lydia Ann, b. Sept. 7, 1799 ; m. July 2, 1817, Timothy Benedict, and d. July 12, 1862; had 8 children.
326 iv Elizur, b. Aug. 21, 1807.

maybe newton

154a NEWTON5 NORTHRUP (Heth*, Joseph3, WiUiam*, Joseph1)^. May 26, 1781, in town of Milford, New Haven Co., Conn.; carpenter and joiner; m. Feb. 16, 1809, Abigail Ann Smith (b. about 1786, and d. Sept. 12, 1872, aged about 86), dau. of Caleb. He d. Jan. 6, 1858.
i William Otis9, b. Nov., 1809; d. 1870, Mobile, Ala.; unmarried, ii Allen Burr, b. Oct., 1815 ; d. Apr. 8, 1887 ; unmarried.
841 iii Caleb Smith, b. June 14, 1819, town of Milford.


204 ELI6 NORTHRUP (EW, Eli4, Joseph", Joseph*, Joseph1), b. Apr. 9, 1793, "Putnam Co., near Ct. line" (more probably in Dutchess Co., N. Y.) ; m. Aug. 3, 1818, Phoebe Osborn, of Dutchess Co., who d. about 1873. Removed, soon after marriage, to the town of Ovid, Seneca Co., N. Y. ; later to Barrington, Yates Co., N. Y.; then, Apr., 1830, to Cameron, Steuben Co., N. Y. D. Apr. 3, 1878. Farmer.

456 i Orrin7, b. May 4,1814.
ii Sally, b. Oct. 22, 1815 ; m. Oct. 2, 1834, Eli R. Eddy, carpenter and farmer. Resided at Rockford,
111. iii Eliza, b. Jan. 19, 1818; m. Nov. 24, 1841, Elder C. D. Kinney; d. Oct., 1886.
iv Amanda, b. Dec. 26, 1819; m. Dec. 30, 1840, William D. Swarthout. Resided at Dresden, Yates Co., N. Y.
457 v Asher Spicer, b. Apr. 7,1827.
vi Almira; m. Eli Lee; d. as early as 1859.
vii Phœbe A., b. Feb. 25, 1830; m. Oct. 22, 1848, David I. Lee; d. May 18, 1856.


212 PHILIP" NORTHRUP (Josiah*, Aaron*, Joseph3, Joseph?, Joseph1), b. Oct. 9, 1785, Ridgefield, Conn.; m. Apr. 17, 1806, Hepsey Mead (b. Jan. 28, 1787; living in 1874), dau. of Jeremiah and Betty (Whitney) Mead. They settled in West Lane, Ridgefield, where he d. Feb. 88, 1867, in his 82d year. Children were b. in Ridgefield:

i Hepsey7, b. March 13, 1807; d. Apr. 4, 1807.
476 ü Rufus, b. May 18, 1808.
477 iii Henry Whitney, b. Feb. 23, 1810.
iv Sarah, b. Nov. 13, 1811 ; m. at Ridgefield, March 25, 1888, Enos Clanson Miller, shoe manufacturer (b. at Bedford, N. Y., June 25, 1812; d. Sept. 21, 1847). She was living at Ridgefield in July, 1847.
478 v Samantha, b. Aug. 23, 1813; m.
479 vi Amos, b. June 25, 1815 ; carpenter ; m. at Pound-ridge, N. Y., Nov. 29, 1887, Eliza Ann Betts (b. May 15, 1818) ; 2 children.
vii Samuel Mead, b. May 17,1817 ; m.? 1st, Oct. 3, 1841, Sarah Olmstead (b. Nov. 19, 1821 ; d. June 19, 1883), dau. of Stephen tmd Clarissa (Sherwood) Olmstead, of Ridgefield ; m., 2d, Mrs. Jennings ; no issue. He was living at Ridgefield in 1878.
viii Elizabeth, b. Nov. 10, 1819; m. at Ridgefield, June 2, 1844, Charles Smith (b. at Ridgefield, Dec. 81, 1816), s. of John Mills and Clara (Smith) Smith.
ix Mary, b. July 31, 1821 ; m. at Ridgefield, Apr. 13, 1858, Harvey Keeler Smith, farmer (b. March 15, 1813), s. of Amos and Sarah (Keeler) Smith. In Ridgefield, May, 1873.
x Philip, b. May 14, 1823 ; d. May 16, 1833.
xi Hepsey (2), b. Apr. 16, 1828. Living at Ridgefield, unmarried, in May, 1873.



817 NIRA B." NORTHROP (Joseph*, Enos<, Jeremiah3, Jeremiah1, Joseph1), b. Dec. 8, 1791, Brookfield, Conn. Cabinetmaker ; Justice of the Peace one term. Settled in Ohio in 1818. M. July 9, 1818, Abigail Nettleton (b. Nov. 22, 1797 ; d. Sept. 25, 1876), dau. of Daniel and Eunice Nettleton, of Washington, Conn. He d. Sept. 27, 1878.
i Dwight7, b. ; m. Delia, dau. of Chloe (Northrop)
Briggs. Resides at Ypsilanti, Mich, ii Mason.


358 ALFRED MIX" NORTHROP ( John*, Job4, Thomas1, William*, Joseph1), b. Feb. 11, 1800, Watertown, Conn.: shoemaker; m. Nov., 1822, at Watertown, Conn., Polly (b. 1804; d. Aug. 12, 1845, Watertown), dau. of Abial and Temperance Roberts. He d. Sept. 20, 1849, at Watertown. Children all b. there:


420 JOHN WESLEY6 NORTHRUP (Nathan*, Samuel*, John", William2, Joseph1), b. May 30, 1820, Amenia, N. Y.; carpenter; m. July 24, 1841, Sarah (b. Nov. 16, 1822), dau. of Sutherland Barton; d. at Lithgow, Nov. 3, 1862. Children b. at Lithgow, N. Y. :
i Josephine7, b. May 16, 1842; d. July 17, 1844.
ii Mary Jane, b. Aug. 20,1845 ; m. Dec. 27,1865, Smith Benham; 1 s., Sidney Smith,
iii Elsmere, b. June 24,1849 ; d. Nov. 13, 1849.
iv Charles Wesley, b. Feb. 11, 1857; m. Nov. 24, 1887, Cora B. Sipperly, dau. of George. Have: (1) John Wesley, b. Feb. 4, 1889.



476 RUFUS7 NORTHRUP (Philip', Josiah*, Aaron4, Jo- teph", Joseph", Joseph1), b. May 13,1808, at Ridgefield, Conn. ; builder; m. Nov. 6, 1831, Lucretia Mead (b. Jan., 1807), dau. of James and Sarah (Sherwood) Mead. (Sarah was sister of Clarissa Sherwood Olmstead, mentioned under Samuel Mead Northrup.) D. at Danbury, Conn., June 29, 1870. .Children b. at Ridgefield, Conn. :
i Margaret8, b. 1838; m. at Ridgefield, 1852, Morris Canfield. She d. 1868. Had 1 s., George William Canfield.
ii Louisa, b. 1835; m. at Ridgefield, June 25, 1862, Timothy Hunt Foster (b. Aug. 11, 1836, Ridgefield).
iii John Burr, b. Oct. 6, 1839 ; carpenter ; m. at Ridgebury, Conn., Jan. 29, 1868, Flora Maria Rundle, dau. of Allen and Betsey (Bailey) Rundle, of Ridgebury, formerly of North Salem, N. Y., where she was b. She d. at Danbury, Sept. 8, 1873. He was living at Danbury in Aug., 1877.
iv Warren Hoyt, b. Oct. 8, 1842; m. about 1864, at Bethel, Conn., Emily Wheeler. Living in Danbury, Aug., 1877.


490 HARRY NASH7 NORTHRUP (David*, Jonah', Isaac*, Joseph3, Joseph", Joseph1), b. June 22, 1815, Ridgefield, Conn.; mechanic; m. in Norwalk, Conn., March 22, 1841, Jane Eliza (b. Hillsdale, N. Y., Aug. 12, 1821), dau. of Daniel and Harriet (Mead) Darrien ; d. Dec. 25, 1879, at South Norwalk, Conn.
i Harriet Frances8, b. Feb. 16, 1844, Ridgefield; m. in South Norwalk, Dec., 1861, James Melborne Roger (b. Apr. 5, 1841, New Canaan, Conn.), s. of David Hawley and Esther (Scofield) Boyer. He is a tinner and plumber in New Haven. She d. July 2, 1875, at New Haven. Children: (1) Ida Frances, b. Nov. 7, 1863, New Milford; (2) Eugene Leroy, b. Apr. 8, 1865, Stamford; (3) Esther Harriet, b. June 23, 1876, New Haven, and d. there July 10, 1873.
ii Sarah Eliza, b. Aug. 11, 1845, Ridgefield; m. Nov. 16, 1865, in South Norwalk, William Edgar Sanford (b. Nov. 2,1841, Redding, Conn. ; d. Nov. 16, 1869, Norwalk), s. of Thomas Little and Delia Ann (Bouton) Sanford. He was a carpenter. She d. in South Norwalk, Oct. 22, 1872. One child, Annie Chichester, b. June 3, 1867.
iii Leroy, b. March 23,1847, Ridgefield ; d. Oct. 14,1852, in South Norwalk.


624 HEMAN G.7 NORTHROP (Oliver*, Alanson*, Benjamin*, Benjamin*, Jeremiah2, Joseph1)^. Oct. 14,1816, Newtown, Conn. Carpenter. M. Apr. 18, 1838, Fanny (b. July 12, 1819), dau. of Gersham and Lucy (Peck) Dimon, of Newtown. She was living in 1889. He d. Apr. 6, 1877.
i Annie Eliza', b. Oct. 23, 1842; m. Oct. 8, 1861, Francis W. Platt (d. Nov. 11, 1877, aged 37 years),
ii Lucy Amelia, b. Nov. 20, 1846; d. (single) Dec. 31, 1891.
831 iii George Wilbur, b. June 20, 1859 ; m. Jan. 17, 1881, Frances E. Merrill.


not carpenter but building materials

669 ALBERT7 NORTHROP (Clement', Job", Job4, Thomas3, William*, Joseph1), b. July 14, 1830, Elyria, O. ; m. May 1, 1853, at Newtown, Conn., Margaret Sanford (his cousin), dau. of Josiah and Polly Sanford, of Newtown. In Dec., 1877, he went to Pittsburg, Pa., and engaged in the manufacture of sheet iron roofing under patents taken out by him, and in 1881 added the business of manufacturing panelled sheet iron ceilings. He took out a number of patents and carried on a large business, being practically the first manufacturer of metal ceilings. His trade extended all over this country and to many foreign countries. He was a man of great courage and enterprise. D. at Pittsburg, Pa., May 2, 1891. Children b. at Elyria, O.
844 i Henry Sanford8, b. May 22, 1857 ; m. Mary N. Kerr. ii Harriet Burnell, b. Dec. 18, 1858; d. Oct. 22, 1865.
iii Mary Antoinette, b. Nov. 29, 1860.
845 iv Frederick Albert, b. July 2, 1862 ; m. Edna Tripp.
v Anna Margaret, b. Dec. 12, 1868.
vi Charlotte Sanford, b. Feb. 28, 1867; m. June 4, 1874.
vii Fannie Noakes, b. July 14, 1871.
viii Clement Josiah, b. Jan. 2, 1876; unmarried.


680 RHODA LUCRETIA7 NORTHROP (Alfred Mix', John*, Job*, Thomas3, William", Joseph1), b. June 10, 1831, at Watertown, Conn. ; m. Aug. 6, 1848, Daniel M. Pritchard, carpenter, s. of Elias and Hannah Pritchard. Children b. at Watertown.
i Miles L.', b. Feb. 1, 1850; m., 1st, Aug. 12, 1869, Lottie Munson (d. June, 1872); m., 2d, Nov., 1879, Alice Ward (d. June 9. 1881) ; m., 3d, Sept. 6, 1883, Lillian Eaton; now (1889) resides at Bridgeport, Conn,
ii Hattie I., b. Sept. 25, 1852; m. Apr. 6, 1871, Frank B. Fisher, brass turner. Resides at New Haven, Conn.
v Albertice David, b. Nov. 4, 1860 ; m. Oct. 25, 1888, Pauline Wheaton.
vi Cora E., b. July 12, 1865. Resides at New Haven. M., 1st, William E. Jones; m., 2d, Dwight B. Snow.
vii Marshal N., b. Apr. 21, 1867 ; d. July 12, 1871.
viii Sarah M., b. Jan. 23, 1877 ; d. Feb. 2, 1877


norwalk connections

55 WAITE4 NORTHRTJP (Jeremiah1, Jeremiah1, Joseph1), b. Sept. 6, 1730; m., 1st, March 20, 1755, Sarah Gunn, who d. July 1, 1758, aged 25 years; m. 2d, Ann Benedict, who d. Aug. 7, 1806, at Brookfield, Conn. (She b. Feb. 22, 1730, dau. of Capt. Matthew and Ruth (Keeler) Benedict, of Norwalk, Conn.) He d. Aug. 3,1773, at Brookfield (death recorded at Newtown).
Children all b. and d. in Brookfield:
141 i Andrew5 (s. of 1st wife), b. about 1756.
142 ii Waite, b. May 12, 1765.
143 iii John, b. about 1772 ; d. Sept. 9, 1847, "in 75th year."
iv Sarah.
v Anna (probably d. before her father; not mentioned in his will).


173 NATHANIEL5 NORTHRUP (Enos*, John3, William-, Joseph1), b. Dec. 22, 1756, Washington, Dutchess Co., N. Y. ; m. Apr. 3, 1778, Sarah Hoyt (b. March 2, 1767, at Old Wells, Norwalk, Conn., and d. May 13, 1882, aged 75). He was a local preacher and farmer. D. Feb. 23, 1829, at Chatham, N. Y., aged 73.
Their children were all Methodists and the s. all farmers.
i Betsey«, b. Apr. 16, 1779; m. May 4, 1802, Dr. Ab- ner Loveredge ; d. Dec. 23, 1846, in Chenango Co., N. Y. Had 5 children, of whom but 2 lived— Cicero and Melissa.
ii Charles, b. June 8,1781 ; m., 1st, Oct. 28, 1804, Betsey Adams (d. March, 1824) ; and 2d, Nov. 14, 1827, Elizabeth Wetmore. He d. March 15, 1858, at Nassau, N. Y., aged 77. No children.


311 ELI COOK" NORTHROP (Asa*, Joshua*, Jeremiah\ Jeremiah?, Joseph1), b. May 11, 1797, Brookfield, Conn.; shoemaker; m. Dec. 5, 1822, Lucinda Sophia Grummond, at Norwalk, Conn. (b. June 2, 1802, at Norwalk; d. Dec. 23, 1881, Edinburg, O.). He resided at New Milford, Conn., where all his cliildren were b., and removed from there, between 1833 and 1841, to Edinburg, Portage Co., O., where he d., Feb. 25, 1873. In 1814 he was a member of St. Peter's Lodge, New Milford,
i Sarah A.T
611 ü Mary A., b. March 4, 1828.
612 iii Eli Cook, b. (probably about 1830).
iv Asa H., b. Nov., 1832; d. Sept. 10, 1841.

489 ERY ASHBY1 NORTHROP (Er?, David', Isaac*, Joseph3, Joseph2, Joseph1), b. July 2, 1811, Salem, N. Y.; .m. June 12, 1830, Esther M. Elwood (b. July 17, 1810; d. Sept. 7, 1877, Syracuse, N. Y.). He d. March 22, 1887, at S3rracuse, where he had lived many years.
i Mary Elizabeth8, b. Feb. 9, 1832, Norwalk, Conn. Removed to Syracuse when 4 years old. M. Jan. 1, 1852, William W. Harrington. Resides Syracuse. Children: (1) Ery W., b. May 19, 1853; m. March 24, 1880, Minnie Prue; (2) Gertie Belle, b. Apr. 28, 1870.
ii Gertrude Eveline, b. May 9, 1844; m. June 20, 1864, Edward Siver. Children: (1) Edward F., b. June 2, 1873; d. Aug. 30, 1873; (2) Esther May, b. Jan. 21, 1876.

490 HARRY NASH7 NORTHRUP (David*, Jonah', Isaac*, Joseph3, Joseph", Joseph1), b. June 22, 1815, Ridgefield, Conn.; mechanic; m. in Norwalk, Conn., March 22, 1841, Jane Eliza (b. Hillsdale, N. Y., Aug. 12, 1821), dau. of Daniel and Harriet (Mead) Darrien ; d. Dec. 25, 1879, at South Norwalk, Conn.

i Harriet Frances8, b. Feb. 16, 1844, Ridgefield; m. in South Norwalk, Dec., 1861, James Melborne Roger (b. Apr. 5, 1841, New Canaan, Conn.), s. of David Hawley and Esther (Scofield) Boyer. He is a tinner and plumber in New Haven. She d. July 2, 1875, at New Haven. Children:
(1) Ida Frances, b. Nov. 7, 1863, New Milford; (2) Eugene Leroy, b. Apr. 8, 1865, Stamford; (3) Esther Harriet, b. June 23, 1876, New Haven, and d. there July 10, 1873.
ii Sarah Eliza, b. Aug. 11, 1845, Ridgefield; m. Nov. 16, 1865, in South Norwalk, William Edgar Sanford (b. Nov. 2,1841, Redding, Conn. ; d. Nov. 16, 1869, Norwalk), s. of Thomas Little and Delia Ann (Bouton) Sanford. He was a carpenter. She d. in South Norwalk, Oct. 22, 1872. One child, Annie Chi- chester, b. June 3, 1867.
iii Leroy, b. March 23,1847, Ridgefield ; d. Oct. 14,1852, in South Norwalk.



492 WILLIAM LEWIS7 NORTHROP (Jeremiah*, Jonah6, Isaac*, Joseph", Joseph2, Joseph1), b. Nov. 3,1832, Brook- field, Conn.; farmer, Danbury, Conn.; m., 1st, Nov. 4, 1852, Harriet L. (Converse) Lake, who d. March 26, 1853; m., 2d, Sept. 18, 1856, Mary J. Smith.
By 1st wife:
i Harriette E.8, b. March 19,1853 ; m. George Lobdell, of Danbury ; d. Aug. 9, 1879. He remarried. By 2d wife:
ii Ida E., b. Aug. 27,1857 ; m. Wallace White ; 1 child, Mary Frances, b. May 21, 1880.
iii William H., b. July 2,1869; d. Sept. 9,1864.
iv Frederick L., b. Nov. 3, 1861. Hatter, Norwalk, Conn.
v Carrie Matilda, b. Oct. 9, 1863 ; d. Aug. 9,1864.
vi Cora Isabel (twin), b. Oct. 9, 1863; d. Oct. 9, 1864.
vii Annie F., b. Dec. 11, 1869; d. July 11, 1870.
viii Dora A., b. Apr. 23,1871 ; m. George Nelson ; d. Feb.20, 1889, 7 months after her marriage,
ix Mariette, b. Apr. 11,1876 ; d. Apr. 28, 1875.

2 WILLIAM NORTHRUP (Lewi»), b. Feb. 13, 1805, North Salem, N. Y.. Farmer. Settled at Ridgefield, Conn. Removed to Silver Mines, Norwalk Township. M. Feb. 26, 1829, at Ridgefield, Clarissa Hyatt Boughton, dau. of Jesse and Sally Boughton (b. Aug. 26,1811, at Ridgefield). He d. Aug. 28, 1872
i Sarah Ann, b. Oct. 28, 1831, Ridgefield; m. June 18, 1854, William Beekman Warren; 2 children.
3 ii Lewis, b. Feb. 1, 1834, Ridgefield.
iii Mary Louise, b. May 1, 1837, Ridgefield; m. June 6, 1866, at New York City, Edward Potter. Settled at New Canaan, and moved to Norwalk, where he deserted her. She m., 2d, 1884, Allison Frie.
iv Permelia W., b. July 24, 1839, Ridgefield; m. June 11, 1861, at New Canaan, John W. Buttery, s. of Silas and Elizabeth (Slawson) Buttery ; 2 children.
v Clarissa Jane, b. Apr. 26, 1841, Ridgefield; d. there Feb. 19, 1848.
vi Jane Elizabeth, b. Aug. 13, 1849, Ridgefield; d. Sept. 31, 1851.
vii Enhna Frances (?), b. Feb. 25, 1862, Wilton, Conn.; ;n. July 26, 1870, at Georgetown, John Benedict Jelliff. Settled at Branchville, Conn. She d. there Oct. X9, 1888. Had children.


92 JONAH8 NORTHRUP (Isaac4, Joseph*, Joseph2, Joseph1), of Ridgefield, Conn.; m., 1st, ; m., 2d, Rhuanna . D. about 1811. Had 5 children by 1st wife and 4 by2d:
219 i William', b. .
220 ii David, b.
221 iii Lucy, b. June 4, 1800, Ridgefield.
222 iv Jeremiah, b. May 7, 1801, Ridgefield.
v Zilpha, b. ; m. Zerah West, and settled in Bridgeport, Conn. Had: (1) Julia, (2) Maria, (3) Henrietta, (4) Mary, (5) Ferdinand, (6) Catherine, (7) Angeline (twin of Catherine), m. Friend Smith.
223 vi Isaac.
vii Rhuanna, b. ; m., 1st, Harvey Baxter, and had (1) Jerome, (2) Nathaniel, (3) Martha, (4) James, (6) Darius; m., 2d, .
viii Eunice.
ix Clara.


135 AMY8 NORTHROP (John*, John", Jeremiah1, Jo- teph1), b. Feb. 9, 1760; m. John Sanford, of Newtown, Conn, (b. March 28, 1762; d. Jan. 20, 1839), s. of John. She d. Oct., 1849.
i David«, b. Aug. 1, 1783 ; d. 1804.
ii Elijah, b. May 23,1787 ; m. Abigail E. Tomlinson ; d.Oct. 26, 1849.
iii Charlotte, b. Apr. 16, 1792 ; m. Noble. Gen.William H. Noble, of Bridgeport, Conn., is their s.


150 ANDREW5 NORTHROP (Nathaniel*, Benjamin1, Jeremiah", Joseph1), b. Sept. 10, 1790, Newtown; d. Aug. 81, 1837, in New Orleans ; m. Dec. 4, 1814, Lucy (b. May 23, 1796, Newtown; d. Jan. 24, 1881, Cincinnati, O.), dau. of Jacob and Lois (Northrup) Wallace. They removed in 1823 from Connecticut to Troy, N. Y. ; thence, in 1832, to Cincinnati.
i Adeline', b. Nov. 19,1815, Newtown; m. Aug. 2,1846, John Richards, Cincinnati; d. there Aug. 5, 1888. Had: (1) John W., m. Sallie Huddart; resides in San Francisco; (2) Lucia, b. Dec. 30, 1851; m. Marcellus J. Maxwell, of Cincinnati, O. 834 ii William Wallace, b. Oct. 5, 1817, Bridgeport, Conn.
iii Henry Abijah, b. Oct. 9, 1819, Newtown; d. Oct. 3, 1839, Cincinnati, O. ; unmarried.
iv Richard LeGrand, b. May 19, 1821, Newtown ; d. Oct. 10, 1867, Cincinnati, O. ; unmarried.


293 JOEL GRANDISON" NORTHRUP (Hezekiah*, Joel1, Joel3, Samuel2, Joseph1), b. Feb. 8, 1807, Woodbridge, Conn. ; inventor; m. July 8, 1827, at New Haven, Conn., Mary Olive (d. Oct., 1885, aged 80 years, less 33 days), dau. of Bela and Polly Higgins, of New Haven. He left Woodbridge in 1828, and went to Homer, N. Y. ; then to Skaneateles, N. Y.» early in 1830; in 1832 to Marcellus, N. Y. ; to Cortland again until 1848; to Syracuse, N. Y., for 8 years; to Bridgeport, Conn., for 3 years ; to Marcellus again in May, 1858, where he resided with his dau., in a hale and hearty old age. with mental faculties remarkably keen until he d., Dec. 5, 1895, in his 89th year. He had a successful and noted career as an inventor, his most notable invention being a printing press that has gone into general use. The list of his inventions of a useful character is very interesting. His last important work was the invention and construction of a "Combined Press and Folding Machine, Printing from a Roll of Paper from flat forms of set type, and Folding and Cutting Automatically 16 or 32 pages."

i Charles Linus7, b. Nov. 3, 1828, Cortland; d. Nov. 27, 1850, at Syracuse; unmarried, ii Mary Ann, b. Nov., 1830, Skaneateles, N. Y. ; m., 1st, Bruce; m., 2d, James D. Mather. Reside at Marcellus, N. Y., on a farm. Children by 2d husband: (1) Charles Northrup, b. 1858; (2) James Henry, b. July 15, 1863; (3) Mary Frances, b. March, 1868.


300 ZIBA B.e NORTHRUP (George*, Jonathan4, John", Jeremiah2, Joseph*), b. July 15, 1792, Newtown, Conn.; m. Oct. 5, 1819. Phoebe Bennett, at Pine Plains, N. Y. Was in business at Bridgeport, Conn. ; d. Oct. 2, 1839.
i Frances Mary7, b. July 25, 1825 ; d. before 1839.
ii Theodore S., b. Nov., 1829.
302 NICHOLAS B." NORTHROP (George1, Jonathan*, John", Jeremiah*, Joseph1), b. March 11, 1795; m., 1st, 1820, Caroline Sherman, dau. of Silas. She d., and he m., 2d, , xxxxx who lives (1887) in his old homestead at Bridgeport, Conn. He d. July 27,1884, at Bridgeport. Was a manufacturer of chairs at Bridgeport in 1840. Had by 1st wife:
i Charles Sherman7; d. (about) 1867, at Bridgeport, ii Philo (?) ; m. Harriet Wheeler.


309 NORMAN' NORTHROP (Peter*, John*, John3, Jeremiah', Joseph1), b. June 24, 1800, Newtown, Conn.; m. Eliza Selleck, of Danbury, Conn. They lived in several places ; kept store in Bridgeport, Conn. ; in State of New York ; finally to Crete, Will Co., EL, and followed farming. He d. there, Jan. 24, 1866. His widow m. Willard Wood, of Crete, and d. there, Sept. 1, 1878, aged 76 years 7 months. i Elizabeth7, b. at Bridgeport, Conn., and d. there, 6 years old.
ii John James, b. July 25, 1832; d. July 30, 1855, Crete, . DL


329 JERUSHA" NORTHRUP (Hezekiah9, Nathaniel4, Benjamin*, Jeremiah1, Joseph1), b. March 6, 1807; m. March 28, 1827, George Benedict (b. March 1, 1801 ; Representative from Newtown in Connecticut Legislature, 1861 ; d. March 9, 1882). Shed. March 1, 1872.

i Charles7, b. March 7,1828 ;m. Sept. 25,1848, Jeanette Mallette, who d. Sept. 27, 1896, aged 61. Had: George, Eva J., and Nettie M.
ii Emeline, b. Sept. 21, 1830; d. Oct. 21, 1831.
iii Cornelia, b. March 19, 1837; m. Nov. 24, 1867, Jerome R. Morgan, of Bethel, Conn. Had: Clif- ford В., b. July 18, 1870; m. Nov. 9, 1892, Jean- nette В. Benedict, of Bethel ; and had Edith Celeste, b. Aug. 26, 1893.
iv Dr. Celeste Adelaide, b. May 18, 1840; graduated at Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia, Pa., March 13, 1874. Practicing medicine at 228 State Street, Bridgeport, Conn.


834 WILLIAM WALLACE" NORTHROP (Andrew", Nathaniel*, Benjamin*, Jeremiah2, Joteph1), b. Oct. 5, 1817, Bridgeport, Conn. Was 40 years in business in Cincinnati, O. ; now (1889) resides at Belpra, O. M. Melissa Barker Stone, dau. of Ool. John and Charlotte (Putnam) Stone, of Belpra.
i William Harry7 ; d. in infancy, ii John Stone; d. in infancy.
iii Jessie, b. Apr. 24, 1857, Cincinnati, 0. ; m. Dec. 4, 1878, Samuel W. McMunn, in Belpra (he b. March 20,1850, Sharon, O. ). Address : 45 Broadway, New York City. Children: (1) William Northrop, b. Jan. 12, 1880, St. Louis, Mo. ; (2) Mary Wayne, b. Oct. 21, 1884, St. Louis.---

483 GEORGE ANSON' NORTHROP (Anson\ Isaiah4, Job*, William2, Joseph1), b. Dec. 15, 1830; m. Oct., 1858, Juliette, dau. of Burton Clark, of Newtown, Conn. In livery business at Bridgeport, Conn. i Mary E.7, b. Dec. 24, 1859; m. Nov. 14, 1882, Frank C. Allen ; 1 s.
ii Grace, b. Apr. 8, 1874; d. March 25, 1882.


601 PHILO7 NORTHROP (Philo*, George', Jonathan4, John*, Jeremiah1, Joseph1), b. Feb. 17, 1822, Newtown, Conn. Resides near Hawleyville, Conn. M., 1st, March 6,184?, Mary G. Lewis, of Newtown (d. Aug. 12,1846) ; m., 2d, Apr. 9,1848, Harriet G. Lewis, sister of Mary.
By 1st wife:
i John Harson", b. July 3, 1846; d. May 15, 1847, Newtown.
By 2d wife :
ii Edwin Foster, b. July 4, 1849, Bridgeport, Conn. ; d. Jan. 30, 1850.
iii Mary Lewis, b. Dec. 2, 1852, Newtown; m. W. H. Barnum;d. May 27, 1889. Children: (1) Tracy A.; (2) Leon.
iv George Sperry, b. Nov. 1, 1860, Newtown; m. Henrietta S. Richardson.
v Annie Delia, b. May 10,1864, Newtown ; m. Benjamin W. Latin, of Shelton, Conn. ; 3 children.
vi Chester Philo, b. March 21, 1867, Newtown. (Bachelor.)
vii Bertha Almira, b. March 8, 1870, Newtown ; d. Sept; 10, 1871.


641 GEORGE W.7 NORTHROP (Andrew*, Hezekiah*. Nathaniel*, Benjamin*, Jeremiah1, Joseph1), b. July 4, 1839; m. May 28, 1863, Julia Antoinette Pollard, of Bristol, Conn.
i Minerva Rebecca", b: May 2, 1864, Bristol; m. Apr. 21, 1867, Frederick Frank Beach, ii Willie Pollard, b. Oct. 10,1863, Bridgeport, Conn. ; d. July 21, 1876.
iii Lottie Corinne, b. Feb. —, 1876, Bridgeport; d. July 21, 1878.
iv Nettie Pollard, b. Dec. 20, 1881.

662 MARK A.7 NORTHROP (William*, Job*, Job4, Thomas", William2, Joseph1), b. May 23, 1821, Sherman, Conn. Auger and bit maker. Has resided at Seymour and Hamden, Conn., Matteawan and Newburgh, N. Y., Gracine, Mich., and has been a sailor. Resides at 26 Garden St., New Haven, Conn. M. July 4, 1843, Elizabeth Leatham, of Seymour (b. Dec. 27, 1826, New York City). Both members of M. E. Church.
i Minnie L.8, b. Dec. 10, 1845, Seymour; m., 1st, Nov. 9, 1866, William Henry Dickerson, of Newburgh, N. Y., who was lost at sea, 1870 ; m., 2d, Nov., 1875, Charles W. Monroe, of Gaylordville, Conn. No children. Resides at 160 Fairfield Ave., Bridgeport, Conn.
ii Charles S., b. March 14, 1848, Seymour; d. July 31, 1877, New Haven; unmarried.
839 iii George H., b. July 28, 1851, Hamden, Conn.
iv Lillie, b. Feb. 23, 1854, Seymour; m. June 30, 1880, Frank E. Allin, s. of Délos. Have adopted dau., Bertha E. Resides at New Haven.
840 v Clarence, b. Oct. 23, 1855, Hamden.
vi Charlotte, b. Jan. 4, 1858, Matteawan; m. Jan. 22, 1882, Elmer Mathews, of Bethany, Conn. Resides at 535 George St., New Haven. Children: (1) Mabel E., b. Dec. 6, 1883; d. Feb. 21, 1885; (2) Grace E., b. Nov. 9, 1885.
vii Jennie E., b. May 5, 1864, Matteawan.


680 RHODA LUCRETIA7 NORTHROP (Alfred Mix', John*, Job*, Thomas3, William", Joseph1), b. June 10, 1831, at Watertown, Conn. ; m. Aug. 6, 1848, Daniel M. Pritchard, carpenter, s. of Elias and Hannah Pritchard. Children b. at Watertown.
i Miles L.', b. Feb. 1, 1850; m., 1st, Aug. 12, 1869, Lottie Munson (d. June, 1872); m., 2d, Nov., 1879, Alice Ward (d. June 9. 1881) ; m., 3d, Sept. 6, 1883, Lillian Eaton; now (1889) resides at Bridgeport, Conn,
ii Hattie I., b. Sept. 25, 1852; m. Apr. 6, 1871, Frank B. Fisher, brass turner. Resides at New Haven, Conn.
v Albertice David, b. Nov. 4, 1860 ; m. Oct. 25, 1888, Pauline Wheaton.
vi Cora E., b. July 12, 1865. Resides at New Haven. M., 1st, William E. Jones; m., 2d, Dwight B. Snow.
vii Marshal N., b. Apr. 21, 1867 ; d. July 12, 1871.
viii Sarah M., b. Jan. 23, 1877 ; d. Feb. 2, 1877 .


682 GEORGE ALFRED7 NORTHROP (Alfred Mix", John*, Job4, Thomas3, William3, Joseph1), b. June 3, 18361, Watertown, Conn. Carpenter. M. Feb. 10, 1857, Mary H., dau. of John W. and Elizabeth Ticknor. He d. March 7, 1881, at Waterbury, Conn.
i Stephen Potter8, b. Feb. 21, 1859, Williamstown, N. Y. ; d. Apr. 7, 1861, Florence, N. Y.
853 ii George Roland, b. Nov. 7, 1860, Florence, N. Y. ; m.Martha Balcom.
854 iii Frederick Alfred, b. July 13, 1862, Camden, N. Y. ; m. Rosa Frey. iv Harlow Sheels, b. Feb. 3, 1866, Pontiac, Mich. : m. in Bridgeport, Conn., Mamie E., dau. of Levi E. Dart, v William Wallace, b. March 20, 1868, Pontiac, Mich; m. Eliza Blodgett.
vi Llewellyn, b. March 30, 1872, Oneida, N. Y.


852 WESLEY BEACH" NORTHROP (Frederick JvliuJ, Alfred', John*, Job4, Thomas*, William", Joseph1), b. Jan. 6, 1851, Watertown, Conn. ; m. Feb. 18,1872, Susan Ann (b. Sept 28, 1850, Tarifville, Conn.), dau. of Joseph and Sarah Haver- field, of Waterbury, Conn. Lived in Pittsfield, and also Bridgeport. Children b. in Waterbury.

i Frederick Joseph*, b. June 9,1873. Resides at Water- bury. Unmarried.


i Frederick Albert4, b. Nov., 1884.
ii Mary Margaret, b. March, 1886.

iii Henry Sanford, b. ; d. .

iv Anna Katherine,
v John Clement.

845 FREDERICK ALBERT« NORTHROP (Albert1, Clement*, Job8, Job4, Thomas3, Wuliam", Joseph1), b. July 2, 1862, Elyria, O. ; m. July 20, 1887, Emma, dau. of Henry and Chloe Tripp, of DeRuyter, N. Y. With his father in patent roofing and stamped ceilings business, at Pittsburg, Pa.
i Albert Henry8, b. Aug. 19,1888; d. Apr. 23, 1896
ii William Clement, b. May 20, 1891.
iii Robert Jermaine, b. Nov. 3, 1894 ; d. Apr. 28,1896.
iv Henry Sanford, b. Nov. 18, 1896.

846 ADELBERT8 NORTHROP (Clement7 В., Julius*, Job", Job*, Thomas3, Wüliam*, Joseph1), b. Feb. 21,1851, Dry- den, N. Y. ; m. Adelia . Resides at Little Falls, N. Y.
i Jessie», b. Oct. 4, 1878.
ii Hattie, b. Aug. 17, 1880.
iii Adelbert, b. Aug. 5, 1881.

847 CHARLES DWIGHT8 NORTHRUP (Charles Letter7, Kneeland", РШо\ Job*, Thomas3, William1, Joseph1), b. July 5, 1853, Fayetteville, Onondaga Co., N. Y. Removed to Michigan. M. 1880, Ella Benedict, of Flint, Mich. Mechanic.

i Earl Roy8, b. Aug. 27, 1883, St. Louis, Mich.
ii Claude Lester, b. Apr. 5, 1888, St. Louis, Mich.

848 MORELL CORTEZ8 NORTHRUP (Charles Lester\ Knceland3, Philo*, Job*, Thomas3, William*, Joseph1), b. Oct. 3, 1858, Allen, Mich.; m. Feb., 1880, Silence French, of Cambria, Mich. Farmer.

i Lura Ellen8, b. May 6, 1881, Cambria,
ii Floyd Lester, b. July 12, 1884, Cambria,
iii Herbert В., b. Sept 25, 1889, Cambria.

849 HOWARD NORTHRUP8 (George Edwin7, Kneeland*. РЛйо5, Job4, Thomas3, William1, Joseph1), b. Jan. 13, I860,


ii Clifford Wesley, b. Apr. 14, 1875. Resides at Water- bury. Unmarried.

iii Susan Alina, b. March 11, 1877; m. May 20, 1902, John S. P. Castle.