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Northrop Genealogy

Northrop Family in Connecticut Timeline

Timeline Chronological History of Connecticut

17th century
1611-1650 artists of the age http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1651else.htm
  early religious disputes http://www.colonialwarsct.org/disputes_history.htm
1614 Adriaen Block, representing the Dutch, sails up the Connecticut River. Dutch traders sailed up the Connecticut River around the year 1614, and landed near Hartford. map link When Tom and I were growing up there was still a tree near Frost's Pint in Westport that was known as the Adriaen Block Tree -- a tree he used as a reference point in his travels along Long Island Sound.
1618 William IVES b: 1618 in Ipswich, Suffolk, Eng (Rachel Ives's Great Great Great Grandfather)
1619 Joseph (or Christian Joseph) Northrup one of the founders of Milford born 1619 Wilkersfeld, Yorkshire Co.(?), England, immigrated (possibly from Bradford, Yorkshire Co. England) to America, July 26, 1637 aboard the "Hector and Martin"; one of "Eaton and Davenport" Co. ships. died Sept. 11, 1669. He married (1639, Milford, New Haven Co. Conn) Mary Norton, daughter of Francis Norton and Mary Houghton. Their children were: Joseph, Samuel, Jeremiah, John, Sophar, Daniel, William, and Mary.OR b. 1617 in Bradford,West Riding,Yorkshire,England
1633 The Dutch erect a fort, the House of (Good) Hope, on the future site of Hartford.
1633 John Oldham and others explore and trade along the Connecticut River.
1633 Plymouth Colony sends William Holmes to found a trading post at Windsor. Dutch traders had purchased land from the Pequot Tribe and made a permanent settlement. John Oldham and others explore and trade along the Connecticut River.
1633 a major smallpox epidemic during the winter of 1633-34
1634 Wethersfield founded by people from Massachusetts.
1634 First English arrive in Windsor.
1635 Fort erected at Saybrook by Lion Gardiner.
1635 Group from Dorchester, Massachusetts join Windsor settlement. First English settlers in Windsor arrive in summer.
1636 One of the most famous early Connecticut settlers, the Reverend Thomas Hooker, traveled from Newtown (Cambridge),Massachusetts with a group of colonists. They founded the town of Hartford which soon became an important center of government and trade.
1637 JOSEPH NORTHRUP, a member of the Eaton and Davenport's company came from England in the ship "Hector and Martha," landing at Boston, July 26, 1637. One of multitudes of Protestant non-conformists emigrated to America in the wake of persecutions of Puritans in England.
1637 Trouble began between the settlers and the Pequot Indians. The Indians wanted to take the lands that had been purchased from the Mohegans. In that year, Captain John Mason led the colonists to victory over the Pequots. Pequot war http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1637_links.htm
1638 New Haven Colony established by John Davenport and Theophilus Eaton. http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1638_new_haven_links.htm
February 1, 1639 the date the area then known as "Wepawaug" was purchased from Ansantawae, chief sachem of the Paugusset Tribe. Settlers began arriving shortly thereafter and began to build the town known as Milford.
1639 Because they wanted to create a plan for the type of government they wanted, Thomas Hooker, John Haynes and Roger Ludlow wrote a document which has been called the first written constitution. This was the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Many historians have said that this was the basis for the United States Constitution. It was adopted in 1639 by Freeman of Hartford, Wethersfield and Windsor. At the same time, the first Governor, John Haynes, was chosen.
1639 In 1639, members from the Eaton and Davenport and the Sir Richard Saltonstall companies formed the settlement of Milford, Conn. Joseph Northrup was among them. Their settlement was made shortly after the Pequot War.
1639 Fundamental Orders of Connecticut adopted by Freemen of Hartford, Wethersfield and Windsor; John Haynes chosen first Governor.
1640 At a General Court (town meeting), held Nov. 24, 1640, the place was named "Milford."
1641-50 elswhere in the world          http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1641else.htm
1643 Connecticut joins in forming the New England Confederation.
1645 The Indians became hostile in 1645-6, and guards were kept day and night. They went to church, carrying their rifles with them.
1646 New London founded by John Winthrop, Jr.
1646 Milford 1646 map link http://history.rays-place.com/ct/milford/milford-map.jpg
  he first meetinghouse http://history.rays-place.com/ct/milford/3-firstmeetinghouse.jpg
1649 new England, Boston Smallpox, Boston his especially hard
1650 Code of laws drawn up by Roger Ludlow and adopted by legislature.
In 1655 Christiaan Huygens discovered 'Titan,' Saturn's largest moon, and that what Galileo had thought were moons were actually rings.  He was the first to note markings on Mars.  He also applied Galileo's idea that a falling body does so in a straight line to planetary orbits, calculating "the radial force necessary to keep a planet in a circular path [is] mv2/r, where m is the mass, v the velocity, and r the orbital radius" (Grosser 1979:9).
mid-1650s Thomas Sydenham promoted the idea that diseases were organisms inside a host.  He advocated direct observation and classification to determine the nature of disease, and introduced quinine and laudanum to English medicine.
1651 Goodwife Bassett was hanged for witchcraft in Stratford, Connecticut. 233
1651-60 elsewhere in the world http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1651else.htm
1653 Indians were again troublesome in 1653
1653 An unknown person was executed for witchcraft in New Haven, Connecticut.
1653 Elizabeth Knapp was hanged for witchcraft in Fairfield, Connecticut. 233
1658

The New Haven laws were severe: “If after they have suffered the law . . . and shall presume to come into this jurisdiction again, every such male Quaker shall for the second offence be branded on the hand with the letter H, be committed to prison and kept to work till he can be sent away at his own charge,...

1660 the colonists had become uneasy about their legal standing with England. The colonies were still under English rule then, but there were many disagreements about land claims.
1661-70 elsewhere in the world http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1661else.htm
1662 Governor John Winthrop, Jr. went to England in 1662 to talk to King Charles II. He returned with a royal charter. This document was important because it gave the colony a legal basis and the approval of the King.
In 1665 Robert Hooke, in Micrographia, named and gave the first description of cells. He also described plant and animal fossils, comparing their microscopic structure to that of living organisms. Hooke also noted the 'black spot' in soap bubbles, and, independently of Grimaldi, hypothesized that light is "a 'very short vibrative motion' transverse to straight lines of propagation through a 'homogenous medium.'  Heat [is] defined as 'a property of a body arising from the motion or agitation of its parts'" (Koyré 1965:223n2
1665 Union of New Haven and Connecticut Colonies completed.
1665 The first division of any Connecticut town--Lyme's separation from Saybrook.
1666 New England Smallpox epidemic
1666 William son of Joseph is born June 2, 1666 in Milford, CT. . He is the 7th child still living at the time of his mother's will in 1683. His father, Joseph, one of the founders, will live 3 more years.
1667 On October 10, 1667 the Connecticut General Assembly authorized the “making of a village on the east river” that was to become Wallingford
1668 some Ives sign a covenant to settle in the new village, Wallingford. In the new village, each planter was required to help build the community. Decisions were made by a majority vote, with guidance from the Bible and Church. The first homes built were log cabins with thatched roofs, and later frame buildings of white oak.
1669 Joseph Northrup died Sept. 11, 1669, thirty years after the settlement of Milford marker in the Founder's cemetary, Milford, CT. He was probably at least 48 years of age.
1671-1680 elsewhere in the world http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1671else.htm
1672 Connecticut exempted VICTIMS of sexual assault and partners in sodomy under 15 from the death penalty. 4
1675-76 Connecticut participates in King Philip's War which was fought in Rhode Island and Massachusetts. an account of the events http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1675.htm
1678 New England Smallpox epidemic
1681 On December 23, colonists repealed the New England ban on Christmas celebrations after 22 years
1681-1690 elsewhere in the world http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1681else.htm
1684 Danbury was settled
1687 Andros assumes rule over Connecticut
1687 In October of 1687, the English Governor, Sir Edmund Andros, who had been appointed by King James, came to Connecticut to take away the charter and the colonists' legal rights. A large assembly was called to discuss the situation, and the charter was put on a table. Suddenly, someone put out the candles, and in the darkness the charter was taken away. Captain Wadsworth of Hartford is credited with taking the charter and placing it in a hollow spot in a large oak tree. This tree became known as the Charter Oak (http://www.cslib.org/lbtleg.htm).
1689 Connecticut resumes government under charter.
1689 French and Indian Wars http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1689.htm a series of colonial wars between Great Britain and France that lasted three-quarters of a century.
1691-1700 elsewhere in the world http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1691else.htm
1691-1700 artists writers and thinkers http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1651writers.htm
1692 Two Puritan Goodwives (Goodwife or Goody was a term for less affluent wifes), Mercy Disborough of Compo (now Westport) and Elizabeth Clauson of Stamford, were cried out upon by their neighbors for an assortment of peculiarities and accused of witchcraft. Elizabeth Clawson was acquitted of witchcraft in Fairfield, Connecticut. http://www.theshe-wood.com/pages/3/index.htm Witch trials caused the death of 12 people in what is now the state of Connecticut, according to Mary Ellen McClean of the Fairfield Historical Society; 10 were women and two were men. Two women were killed in this area. Goody (short for Goodwife, a title for lower-class women) Bassett was killed in Stratford in 1651 and Goody Knapp was hanged in 1653 in Fairfield. Mary Staples, the wife of Thomas Staples, one of the two founders of Fairfield was also accused. Her accuser was the other founder of Fairfield, Roger Ludlow. Staples was acquitted; her husband instead sued Ludlow for slander and won.Witch trials caused the death of 12 people in what is now the state of Connecticut, according to Mary Ellen McClean of the Fairfield Historical Society; 10 were women and two were men. Two women were killed in this area. Goody (short for Goodwife, a title for lower-class women) Bassett was killed in Stratford in 1651 and Goody Knapp was hanged in 1653 in Fairfield. Mary Staples, the wife of Thomas Staples, one of the two founders of Fairfield was also accused. Her accuser was the other founder of Fairfield, Roger Ludlow. Staples was acquitted; her husband instead sued Ludlow for slander and won.
1693 ABT William marries Mary Peck, dau. of Joseph Peck. Had at least 8 children all born in Milford. William may have reached the age of 69 or 70.
1697 In Wallingford, Connecticut, Winifred Benham and her daughter Winifred, Jr. were excommunicated for witchcraft and acquitted.
18th century
1700 In 1700 there was much danger. It was a time of general alarm throughout the country for four or five years. The colonists of New Haven and Milford had all along purchased from the Indians the lands they settled upon, and in every way treated the Indians kindly and fairly, but the hostility of these sons of the forest was awakened by their fears of the growing numbers and power of the whites, and the dawning consciousness that sooner or later they would inevitably be driven from their ancient homes. If they could have written history, it would go far to justify their hostility.
1701 Thomas, (grandson of Joseph I) was born to William Northrop and Mary Peck on March 16, 1701 in Milford, CT. Fifth of the 8 documented children.
1701 Collegiate School (Later to become Yale) authorized by General Assembly.
1701-1710 elsewhere in the world http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1701else.htm
1701-1750 writers thinkers artists of the age http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1701writers.htm
1707 New Milford was settled
1708 Saybrook Platform permits churches to join regional consociations.
1710-11 Newtown was settled (Newbury Parish was settled 1754 became Brookfield 1788)
1711-1720 elsewhere in the world http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1711else.htm
1713 The Governor and company granted a Patent to Milford, dated May 22, 1713
1717 New Haven State House erected on the Green.
1717 Scots-Irish immigration begins in earnest due to higher rent rates in the Great Britain.
1717 Collegiate School moves to New Haven; called Yale the next year.
1719 Litchfield, CT Founded in 1719
1730 ABT. THOMAS3 NORTHRUP marries Abigail Terrill, dau. of Daniel Terrill .
1730 ABT. Thomas and Abigail Terrill Northrop removed to Newtown, Conn., and resided there until the children were grown and settled.
1731 CT Boundary Line http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1731.htm
1731-1740 elsewhere in the world http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1731else.htm
1732-3 Worldwide Influenza epidemic
1734 Isaac Northrup born Aug. 6, 1734 to Thomas and Abigail Terrill in Newtown, CT. Isaac is the 3rd of 6 documented chikdren. Isaac, along with his brothers and sisters, was born in Newtown before his father moved to New Milford, CT.
  Isaac moved around a bit at least from Newtown to Brookfield and probably then to the Chatham NY area.
1736  
1738  
1739 Goshen organized (some early families of Wallingford moved to Goshen in the late 1750s)
1740 Manufacture of tinware begun at Berlin by Edward and William Pattison.
1740s Height of religious "Great Awakening". http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1740_s.htm
1741-1750 elsewhere in the world http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1731else.htm
1745 Connecticut troops under Roger Wolcott help capture Louisburg. Nova Scotia, Canada
1747 Measles epidemic CT, PA, NY
1751-1760 http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1751else.htm
1751-1775 writers thinkers artists of the age http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1751writers.htm
1754 THE FRENCH INDIAN WAR BEGINS
1755 Connecticut Gazette of New Haven, the Colony's first newspaper, printed by James Parker at New Haven
1759 Measles epidemic North America
1761-1770 elsewhere in the world http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1761else.htm
1761 North America Influenza epidemic
1763 Brick State House erected on New Haven Green
1763 THE FRENCH INDIAN WAR ENDS..
1764 Connecticut Courant, the oldest American newspaper in continuous existence to the present, launched at Hartford by Thomas Green.
1764 Connecticut in deep economic straits
1765 Sharp opposition to Stamp Act.- The Eastern CT Sons of Liberty mobilized violent opposition to the Stamp Act, confrontation with Stampmaster Jared Ingersoll in Wethersfield
1765 The English Parliament passed a law called the Stamp Act. This law said that the American Colonies would have to pay to have official seals, or stamps, as they were called, placed on all printed documents such as deeds, licenses or newspapers.
1766 Governor Thomas Fitch who refused to reject the Stamp Act defeated by William Pitkin.
1767 Still needing to raise money, the English Parliament again attempted to tax the American Colonies by passing the Townshend Act in 1767. This act placed a tax on goods sent to the American Colonies from England. The most famous example of this was the tax on tea. In 1767, tea was as important to most people as coffee is to many people today. So, they were not happy about a higher price for their tea. For awhile some people refused to buy the tea, but that that did not last long.
1767 Thomas and Samuel Green launch newspaper which after many changes becomes New Haven Journal-Courier.
1768 ABT. ISAAC4 NORTHRUP marries Lydia Marsh dau. of Elder Elihu Marsh at Brookfield, CT. (About age 34)
1770 Abiah NORTHRUP daughter of Isaac and Lydia Marsh born 16 APR 1770 in Brookfield, Fairfield, CT or b: 1772
1771-1775 elsewhere in the world http://www.colonialwarsct.org/1771else.htm
1772 Measles epidemic North America
1774 Plague visits Cornwall and Dudleytown.
1774 The First Continental Congress met in Philadelphia to begin to establish the rights of the colonies. All of the colonies sent representatives. Silas Deane, Eliphalet Dyer and Roger Sherman represented Connecticut.
1774 Connecticut and Rhode Island prohibit further importation of slaves (although Rhode Island merchants remain in slave trade to other colonies).
1775 Unknown Epidemic hits New England hard
1775-6 Worldwide Influenza epidemic - one of the worst
1775 Rachel Ives born to Charles and Sarah Ives in Wallingford, CT on perhaps 17 MAY 1775 may be several years later in 1880 New Haven Twp, Connecticut parents at Wallingford for New Haven reference may be for christening
1775 Job (5)NORTHRUP/OP son of Isaac and Lydia Marsh born 21 SEP 1775 in Brookfield, CT
1775 Battle at Lexington/Concord; Govenor Trumbell responds to the news with troops and supplies.
1775 Connecticut men help plan and carry out seizure of Ft. Ticonderoga.
1775 First gun powder mill in Connecticut started in East Hartford.
1775 As soon as the news of the uprising at Lexington, Massachusetts "Lexington Alarm."in April of 1775 reached Connecticut, several thousand militiamen left Connecticut for Massachusetts. They were under the command of Colonel Israel Putnam from Pomfret. Soon promoted to General, it was General Putnam who said at the Battle of Bunker Hill in Boston, "Don't fire until you see the white of their eyes."
1775 There were a number of Northrups among those at Lexington although I have not found any direct ancestors. Although many/most Northrups were in support of the colonial position, there were also a few Northrop/up "Loyalists".
1776 Samuel Huntington, Roger Sherman, William Williams and Oliver Wolcott signed the Declaration of Independence for Connecticut. Most Connecticut citizens supported it, but not all. In that same year, a young Connecticut patriot, Nathan Hale, was captured by the British while on a spy mission for General Washington. Before he was executed, Nathan Hale said, "I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country." You may see the statue of Nathan Hale at the State Capitol Building.
1776 Society of Friends (Quakers) abolishes slavery among members.
1776 After the Declaration of Independence in July of 1776, Connecticut's Tories were identified and disarmed. Over 1,000 Loyalists fled to New York to escape harsh treatment in Connecticut.(3)
1776 on Once the war began, Connecticut contributed men and provisions for the war effort. Known as the "Provision State," Connecticut supplied food, including corn, rye, wheat, oats, barley, flax, vegetables, and fruit from the fertile Thames River Valleys.(4) Clothing, gunpowder and other weaponry were also among Connecticut's contributions.
1777 British troops under General Tryon raid Danbury.
1778 Amos Northrop born probably Jan. 8, 1778, reported to be Chatham, N. Y. , but may be CT
1779 Gen Tryon and Garth led raids on the saltworks at Greenwich, and attacked New Haven, Fairfield and Norwalk.
1780 another possible birth year for Rachel Ives
1781 Benedict Arnold's attack upon New London and Groton involves massacre at Fort Griswold.
1781 Washington and Rochambeau confer at Webb House in Wethersfield.
1781 One major Revolutionary War battle was fought in Connecticut. This was at New London. On September 6, 1781, British forces under Benedict Arnold landed at New London on the banks of the Thames River. They captured Fort Griswold and burned many buildings in the town.
1781 Washington and Rochambeau confer at Webb House in Wethersfield.
1783 Meeting of 10 Anglican clergy at Glebe House, Woodbury, leads to consecration of Bishop Samuel Seabury and beginning of Protestant Episcopal Church in United States.
1784 Tapping Reeve established the first law school in the United States in Litchfield.
1784 Woodbridge created from part of Milford and part of New Haven in 1784.
1784 Rev. Samuel Bird died in 1784, at the age of sixty, from inoculation for the small-pox.( daughter, Mabel Sarah was married to Dr. Joel Northrop of New Milford, May 15, 1777)
1785 First Connecticut Register and Manual published.
1785 John Fitch made first model of paddle-wheel steamboat
1784 Earliest Connecticut cities incorporated--Hartford, Middletown, New Haven, New London and Norwich.
1784 Governor Trumbull retires from governorship.
1784 Connecticut relinquishes Westmoreland area to Pennsylvania.
1784 Connecticut Act passed providing for emancipation at age of twenty-five of all Negroes born after March 1784.
1785 First Connecticut Register and Manual published containing information about the State of Connecticut.
1787 Connecticut sent three representatives to the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention; Oliver Ellsworth, William Samuel Johnson and Roger Sherman. They made a great contribution to the new Constitution by proposing the "Connecticut Compromise." This compromise settled the issue of representation in the new congress. In the Senate all states would be represented equally. In the House of Representatives they would be represented according to the size of their populations. This compromise is still part of the United States Constitution.
1788 On January 9, 1788, the Convention at Hartford approved the Federal Constitution by a vote of 128 to 40. Connecticut became the fifth state to ratify the Constitution and to become a state in the United States of America.
1789 Oliver Ellsworth and William Samuel Johnson begin service as first United States Senators from Connecticut.
1790 First Federal Census It only asked a few questions names of heads of families, as well as gender and age classifications (for males only). It does help document some information, but leaves much open to speculation. Census usually performed in the early summer months.
1790 Charles Ives appears in Census in Wallingford, CT the two females are probaby wife Sarah and Daughter Rachel Ives
1790 Isaac Northop in Woodbridge, CT is probably the correct one (also one in Brookfield) with One male over 16 (Isaac), 2 males under 16 (Job and Amos) and 4 females (wife, Lydia, Abiah,
1792 (Prob.) Abiah Northrop Sister of Amos marries Samuel WALDO b: 8 NOV 1769 in South Dover, Dutchess, NY in Chatham, Columbia, NY
1793 clocks produced in Plymouth, CT
1795 Ct Western Reserve lands sold
  NORTHRUP JOEL NY ALBANY DUANESBURGH 1790 14400
  NORTHRUP JOEL NY CHENANGO SHERBURNE 1800 111012111
1790 - 1930 Connecticut ranked at, or near, the top for the number of patents granted per state.(5) This "Yankee ingenuity" created diversity that helped to solidify the economy and secure it from recessions and declines
1792 First turnpike road company, New London to Norwich, incorporated.
1792 First banks established at Hartford, New London and New Haven.
1793-96 Old State House, Hartford, erected; designed by Charles Bulfinch
1795 The Town of Chatham, NY was formed from the Towns of Canaan and Kinderhook in 1795
1795 Connecticut Western Reserve lands (now Northeastern Ohio) sold for $1,200,000 and the proceeds were used to establish the School Fund.
1795 First insurance company incorporated as the Mutual Assurance Company of the City of Norwich.
1796 Thomas Hubbard starts Courier newspaper at Norwich. In 1860 paper merges with the Morning Bulletin and continues as Norwich Bulletin to present.
1799 Eli Whitney procures his first Federal musket contract; Within next decade Whitney develops a system of interchangable parts, applicable to industries. In his Haddam armory, Whitney produces high quality, machine made muskets with standard, interchangeable parts using unskilled labor. This was a major contribution to modern manufacturing processes.
   
19th century
late 1700s -early 1800s rapid out-migration of citizens earliest causes of migration was the Revolution. Some, such as the Loyalists, were forced out during the war. Others settled in Vermont during the Revolution because Vermont did not levy taxes on land.from Connecticut went to Iroquois land in New YorkThe Western Reserve, an area of land bordering Lake Erie and Pennsylvania, was governed by Connecticut until 1800. Small numbers of Connecticut citizens migrated there during the 1790s and 1800s. stagnant agricultural economy Many young people left Connecticut for the west, where land was plentiful. Between 1780 and 1840, nearly 750,000 people left Connecticut
1800 Connecticut faced many changes to its population, economy, and government during the first half of the 19th century. The new state quickly faced trouble with the embargo that preceded the War of 1812. Without trade with Europe, Connecticut's economy floundered.
1800 census Amos Northrop is in Kent Connecticut (About age 22). Female over 16 and under 26 is likely to be Rachel Ives (now about 25).
1800 Census finds Isaac Northrop (shown as OP) in Hudson, Columbia County, NY (No northrup/op in Chatham or Canaan, NY) is this the right one???
1800 A Job Northrop (likely this Job is Amos' brother) is in Lenox, MA 23500
1801 or 1802 Amos' brother Job marries Susan Cady. She is from Chatham NY. Job may have moved to NY first or moved when he married Susan. ??
1800's insurance companies expand to cover fire and marine; early wool and cotton manufacturing;
increased demand for food - commercial agriculture begins; early 1800's steamboat became popular mode of travel
1802 Brass industry begun at Waterbury by Abel Porter and associates.
1802 Beginning of packaged seed industry in Enfield
1806 Noah Webster publishes the first abbreviated edition of his dictionary of the American language. The full edition published in 1828 contained 70,000 entries and largely replaced English dictionaries. The American language now had a legitimate reference source. Find out more about Noah Webster at the Noah Webster House Museum http://www.ctstateu.edu/noahweb
1810 Danbury manufacturing hats;
1810 Hartford Fire Insurance Company incorporated later to become the Hartford
1810 Census no listing for Amos Northrop.
1811 Isaac Northrup dies 1811, Brookfield,NY?
1812 Joseph Barber starts Columbian Register at New Haven. In 1911 combined with New Haven Register and continues as Register to present.
   
1812-14 War of 1812 unpopular in Connecticut; new manufactures, especially textiles, boom.
1814 The Hartford Convention was held at the Old State House. This meeting of Federalist leaders from Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont, secretly adopted seven proposed amendments to the Federal Constitution that were later accused of being treasonous. Learn more about the Old State House on this page http://www.state.ct.us/emblems/sthouse.htm.
1815 First steamboat voyage up the Connecticut River to Hartford.
1816 formation of Domestic Missionary Society
1817 Federalists defeated by reformers in political revolution.
1817 Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet establishes a school for the deaf in West Hartford on April 15, 1817. Among his first pupils is Alice Cogswell, the daughter of a Hartford Doctor who was a member of the group who asked Reverend Gallaudet to leave France and open this badly needed school.
1818 New Constitution adopted by convention in Hartford and approved by voters; ends system of established chur
1820-23 fever epidemic starts in PA and spreads across the US
1820 Census 1820 Amos 42 Kent ,( one male 26 to 45) Rachel (one female 45 and over) Rachel would have just turned 45 with the 5/17/1775 date Kent. Gerrit, b. Aug. 9, 1812, age 7 or 8 Chatham, N. Y. (one male under 10) Alvin, b. Apr. 15, 1803, Chatham, N. Y (one male 18-26).
1820 Captain Nathaniel Palmer of Stonington discovers the continent of Antarctica.
1822 Captain John Davis of New Haven becomes first man to set foot on the Antarctic Continent.
1822 Orange established (originally North Milford) in 1822 (also partly from New Haven)
1823 Washington College (now Trinity) founded in Hartford.
   
   
   
1825 Erie Canal opens, attracting many farmers and farmhands out west.
1827 "New" State House erected in New Haven; Ithiel Town, architect.
1828 The Farmington Canal is opened. Running from New Haven through Farmington to the Massachusetts line, the canal operated until 1844. Boats on the canal carried goods such as sugar, coffee and flour. Canals were eventually replaced by railroads. http://www.cis.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1981/cthistory/81.ch.04.x.html
1830 Canaan, NY and Fayette(sout of Seneca Falls alamost to Rochester), NY Mormon revelations to Northrop Sweet, Joseph Smith
1831-32 Asiatic Cholera (brought by English immigrants)
1831 Wesleyan University founded in Middletown.
1832 New York and other cities Cholera (thousands dead)
1832 First Connecticut railroad incorporated as the Boston, Norwich and New London.
1832 Bethany created from Woodbridge in 1832 (originally Milford)
1835 Revolver patented by Colt.
1838 Railroad completed between New Haven and Hartford.
1839 to 1841 The Amistad affair. http://www.nara.gov/education/teaching/amistad/home.html
1839 on Connecticut was on the frontlines of the political battlefield of the Civil War.. Many of Connecticut's citizens were anti-slavery advocates, participating in abolitionist societies and political groups. The Amistad incident brought the anti-slavery issue to Connecticut's foreground in
1840s-50s Peak of whaling from Connecticut ports and especially from New London.
1842 The Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford's first public museum, was established. http://www.wadsworthatheneum.org/index2.htm
1843
Charles Goodyear develops vulcanizing process for rubber.
1843 Civil rights of Jews protected through act guaranteeing equal privileges with Christians in forming religious societies.
   
1844 Dr. Horace Wells uses anesthesia at Hartford.
1846 Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company, the first life insurance company, chartered in Connecticut.
1846-50 Potato famine Ireland - fungus affects mainstay crop.
1847 construction began September 1847 on the New York and New Haven Railroad ; the full line opened January 1849
1847 First American agricultural experiment station--at Yale.
1848 Slavery is abolished in Connecticut. Find more on abolition and slavery at http://www.cwc.lsu.edu/cwc/links/slave.htm.
1849 First teachers' college founded at New Britain (now Central Connecticut State University).
1851 Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Company started (under another name) in Hartford.
1852-3 Yellow fever epidemic US
1853 Aetna Life Insurance Company started in Hartford.
1857-59 Worldwide Influenza epidemic (one of disease's greatest epidemics)
1858 Famous Charter Oak tree felled in a storm.
1860 Lincoln speaks in several Connecticut cities.
1861-65 Approximately 55,000 men serve in Union Army; William Buckingham wartime governor. The state provided many supplies for the troops. Uniforms and other clothing, including textiles, brass buttons, rubber blankets, ponchos and boots were manufactured in Connecticut. Arms, ammunition, steamships, and cavalry equipment were also supplied by the "Provisions State." In addition to equipment, Connecticut supplied over 55,000 men. Over 20,000 of them suffered casualties.
1864 Travelers Insurance issues its first policy.
1865 Connecticut General Life Insurance Company founded.
1868 Land at Groton given by Connecticut to U.S. Navy for a naval station; in April.
Between 1870 and 1900

the number of manufacturers in Connecticut nearly doubled, as did the state's gross product.(6) Textiles and hardware were the leading industries, but smaller manufacturing endeavors prospered as well, such as typewriter and bell production.

The workforce that fueled the industrialization was drawn from the thousands of immigrants who flooded Connecticut during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. During the first half of the century, Connecticut received only small numbers of immigrants. In 1850, only about ten percent of the state's population was foreign born. This changed dramatically during the second half of the century.

1873-75
Influenza epidemic North America & Europe
1875 Hartford made sole capital city.
1877 The first telephone exchange in the world is opened in New Haven, Connecticut. City of New Haven history http://www.cityofnewhaven.com/history/
1879 New Capitol building in Hartford completed; Richard Upjohn, architect.
1880 New Haven still has horse trolleys; late 1880's electric trolley in Hartford
1880's - people working 14 to 16 hrs a day at average pay of $1.75 a day
1881 Storrs Agricultural College founded (became University of Connecticut in 1939).
1890 Disputed election causes Morgan Bulkeley to continue two extra years as governor (1891-93).
1890's bicycling begins in full swing
1890's Connecticut still had gas lamps on streets
   
1893 Bridgeport CT Harbor - so cold it froze and people could walk over to lighthouse on Long Island (I think this is on Long Island Ssound not all the way across the sound.
1896 The first electric light socket with a pull chain was patented by Harvey Hubbell of Bridgeport, CT.
1897 Manufacture of automobiles begun by Pope Manufacturing Company of Hartford.
   
20th century
1900 First United States Navy submarine, Holland, constructed by Electric Boat Co. John Holland http://www.chinfo.navy.mil/navpalib/ships/submarines/sub100.html.
1901 First American state law regulating automobile speeds.
1902 Constitutional Convention held; proposed new constitution defeated in a statewide referendum. Elmer H Northrop of Darien, Charles H Northrop of Newtown(maybe brookfield)are among the representatives and D. Ward Northrop Middlesex County
1905 General Assembly adopted public accommodations act ordering full and equal service in all places of public accommodation.
1905 Alvin Jennings Northrop born
1905 Benjamin Chester Webster, Jr. born
1906 diptheria epidemic in NY.
1907 The first Boy Scout Troop in Connecticut (Troop 1) was established in East Hartford.
1910 U.S. Coast Guard Academy moves to New London.
1911 Connecticut College for Women founded at New London.
1912 Margaret Gwendolyn Northrop born
1916 Polio epidemic (Infantile paralysis)
1917 U.S. Navy Submarine School formally established at New London Naval Base, Groton
1917-18 Approximately 67,000 Connecticut men serve in World War 1. Connecticut again took its position as the "Provisions State" during both of the World Wars. Connecticut used its manufacturing economy to support the war effort, providing ammunition, firearms, and textiles.
1918 Spanish Influenza (more people died in the war from influenza than from wounds some Army training camps had 80% death rate from influenza.)
1920 University of New Haven founded.
1920 Fairfield Burr Recollection http://history.rays-place.com/ct/fairfield-life.htm
1920s 1920s brought a general prosperity to the state, as it did much of the country. Popular culture was forever changed by the growth of the radio and film industries, and the automobile became a solid fixture in American transportation
1921 West Haven created from Orange in 1921 (Originally Milford)
1927 University of Bridgeport founded.
1929 Immediately following the Stock Market Crash of 1929, Connecticut's manufacturers remained optimistic, but their confidence did not hold for long.
1930 50,809 Connecticut workers were unemployed.
1932 number of unemplpoyed had risen to 140,000.(12) Public and private welfare agencies were overwhelmed by the increasing numbers of needy people, and were much relieved by the New Deal.
1930 By 1930, seventy-five percent of Connecticut's population was foreign born1932 St. Joseph College founded in West Hartford.
1936 Floods cause enormous damage in Connecticut River Valley.
1938 Hurricane and floods produce heavy loss of life and property. the Great Hurricane of 1938 http://www2.sunysuffolk.edu/mandias/38hurricane/weather_history_38.html.
1938 First section of Merritt Parkway opened.
1939 First section of Wilbur Cross Parkway opened.
1941-45 Approximately 210,000 Connecticut men serve in World War II. Wartime brings tremendous amount of work to Connecticut's defense industry. With the wartime boom come housing shortages and increased immigration for the jobs. During the Second World War, demands on the manufacturing economy were increased. Millions of government dollars were invested in Connecticut's economy, creating a war boom of unprecedented proportions.
1943 General Assembly established Inter-Racial Commission, recognized as the nation's first statutory civil rights agency.
1944 Ringling Brothers Circus tent fire in Hartford took 168 lives.
1947 Fair Employment Practices Act adopted Outlawing job discrimination.
1948 Thomas Webster Northrop born
1950-52 Approximately 52,000 Connecticut men serve in Korean War,
1952 Polio epidemic US
1952 Elizabeth J Northrop born
1954 Nautilus, world's first atomic-Powered submarine, launched at Groton.
1955 Serious floods cause heavy damage and loss of life.
1955 Shakespeare Memorial Theater opened at Stratford.
1957 University of Hartford founded.
1957 Ground broken for first building in New Haven's Oak Street redevelopment area.
1958 129-mile Connecticut Turnpike opened.
1959 General Assembly votes to abolish county government (effective 1960); also to abolish local justice courts and establish district courts.
late 1950s & 60s winters saw some very deep drifting snows
1960 Ground broken for first building in Hartford's Front Street redevelopment area; now known as Constitution plaza. The 1960s saw a number of urban "redevelopment efforts" in Connecticut
1962-65 Rubella (German measles) epidemic worldwide
1962-75 Approximately 104,000 Connecticut men and women served in the armed forces during the Vietnam War era.
1964 General Assembly creates six Congressional districts reasonably equal in population.
1965 Constitutional Convention held. New Constitution approved by voters.
1966 First elections held for reapportioned General Assembly under new Constitution.
1972 Under constitutional amendment adopted in 1970, General Assembly held first annual session since 1886.
1974 Ella Grasso, first woman elected Governor in Connecticut.
1980 Alvin Jennings Northrop dies
1981 Worldwide AIDs epideic
1990 Eunice S. Groark, first woman elected lieutenant governor in Connecticut.
   
21st century
2001 Reapportionment Commission creates five Congressional districts due to national population shifts identified in the 2000 census.
   
   

By the early 1800's farming was still a major occupation here in Connecticut, and they sent the produce to markets, but as the factories went up with their promises of riches, more and more farmers left their farming jobs, to find out they were stuck in a situation that was neither lucrative or beneficial to them.

1800's American History Timeline - Connecticut

1800's - Cost of living in the 1800's - One bag of flour $1.80 - Small measure of potatoes daily at .17 per day = $1.19 - One quarter pound of tea .38 - One quart of milk .56 - One pound of cheap coffee .35 - Three and one half pounds Sugar $1.05 - One half ration of meats per week $3.50 - Four pounds of butter $1.60 - Two pounds of lard .38 - Dried apples for treats .25 - Vegetables .50 - Soap, starch, pepper, salt, vinegar, etc. $1.00 - 2 bushels of coal $1.36 - Kerosene .30 - Sundries .28 - Rent $4.00 week = Total $18.50

Wages in the 1800s

The average wage earner only made $16.00 a week. Some trades only made two, three, four, or six dollars a week. The family above spent $2.50 more a week than the father made, and had nothing left for entertainment or clothing. The men driving the horse drawn streetcars in New York in the 1880's made $1.75 a day working 14 to 16 hr. a day.


1806
- Noah Webster publishes A Comendious Dictionary
1807
- Joel Barlow's The Colombiad (Vision of Columbus) published
1812 - War of 1812: Connecticut's resistance to the war
1813 - British blockade of CT ports because of first submarine attack: blockade stopped the shipping industry.
1814 - 2 attacks; raid on Pettipaug Point in Essex, and on Stonington, role of General William Hull and Captain Isaac Hull; the Hartford Convention
1817 - Oliver Wolcott Jr. elected governor; beginning of downfall of the Federalists;
1817 - Thomas Gallaudet founded school for deaf in Hartford.
1818
- drafting and adoption of the new state Constitution
1830
- democratic party started
1830's - children recruited to work in factories, sunup to sundown
1840 - railroading begins
1840's, 1850's - New London 3rd among whaling ports; shipbuilding industry centered in Mystic (on site of Mystic seaport)
1840's - women are recruited from the farms to work in the city factories with promises of riches which was a myth
1847 - silverplate manufacturing - Rogers Brothers at Meridan
1848 - slavery abolished; Naugatuck Valley, Ansonia, brass buttons made for Civil War
1851 - Isaac M. Singer patents his invention of the Singer Sewing machine.
1855
- 4 CT firms producing 400,000 rolled brass clocks a year
1860 - first water system and fountain in New Britain
1861
- First shot fired Ft. Sumter; hundreds of thousands of workers left factories and took up arms
1867 - horrible conditions in factories for working women
1870's - Depression hits the colonies
1870
- Women getting 6 cents for each shirt they made
1870 - US Census shows 700,000 children ages 10 to 15 working
1874 to1879 -workers not allowed to speak to each other in factories
1875 - workers fed up with conditions and pay in factories
1877 - Columbia Bicycles - Founded in 1877 by Col. Albert Pope. Mass production began at the Weed Sewing Machine Company factory on Capitol Avenue. The company is now headquarted in Westfield, Mass.
1883 - Industry becomes bigger and more mechanized; skilled craftsmen become obsolete
1885
- people still dress up for picnics at Fenwick Park Grove, Saybrook
1888
- Blizzard of 1888.
1889
- wages - workers in factories making between 5 cents and 20 cents an hour Note: the 1890's were called the Gay Nineties(for the rich)

1895 - Connecticut River overflowed its banks
1900 - US Census shows 5 million women working, 2 million still in domestic services
1910
- US Census shows 2 million children working, half were girls

Job5, b. Sept. 21, 1775, Brookfield.
bapt. South Salem, N. Y. (church record), Aug. 17, 1755. His father removed to Lenox, Mass., where Job lived for a time on his father's farm, but removed to Monroe Co., N. Y., near Rochester, about 1793. M., 1st, Sarah (???), who d. Aug. 26, 1786, at Lenox; m., 2d, Sept. 10, 1795, Sarah Bennett, at Lenox. He d. aged 93 years. Six children recorded at Lenox, of "Job and Sarah."

NORTHROP JOB MA BERKSHIRE LENOX 1790 23500
ii Dau., b. 1776; m. (???) Waldo, and d. at Chatham,N. Y., 1868, aged 92.
iii Dau., b. (???); m. (???) Preston, of Chatham.
(Probably others.)


 

 

This home on Pequot Avenue, Southport, Connecticut is a recently restored example of the Northrop Brothers fine carpentry and building in the Southport-Greeens Farms area.

Image Courtesy of David Parker Associates